Current Issue: Risk & Social History
HSR Vol. 41 (2016) No. 1: Special Issue: Risk & Social History
Peter Itzen & Simone M. Müller (Eds.): Risk as an Analytical Category: Selected Studies in the Social History of the Twentieth Century
Risks, their construction and mitigation are characteristic for the twentieth century. Enhanced science and technology carried with them not only new opportunities and possibilities, but also created new risks. The contributions of this HSR Special Issue demonstrate that a history of risk can contribute substantially to our understanding of modern societies in general and to a social history of the twentieth century specifically. Risks, risk perceptions and attempts to mitigate them or their effects, are influential in many social fields during the twentieth century. These range from the reaction to social injustice and attempts to avert the threat of poverty, to the debate on health hazards like HIV or the search for solutions to environmental threats. The articles show that a history of risk can deepen our understanding of these various fields of historical research. Sometimes they may even challenge established readings and make clear that our conventional historical chronologies may be flawed, for instance because they ignore important societal developments that a history of risk can illuminate. Everyday risks often have a much more intense effect on individual lives than do great political debates. How a society reads these risks and how it reacts to them is therefore a legitimate and highly important research topic in its own right. Research on risks sheds light on the different processes of learning and adaption that led to the establishment of new risk regimes and helps us understand why and to which degree societies were resilient against the challenge of risks and under which circumstances an adaption seemed necessary.
Furthermore this HSR contains a Mixed Issue with two articles.
41.1 - Table of Contents & Abstracts
Special Issue – Peter Itzen & Simone M. Müller (Eds.): Risk as an Analytical Category: Selected Studies in the Social History of the Twentieth Century
- Peter Itzen & Simone M. Müller: Risk as a Category of Analysis for a Social History of the Twentieth Century: An Introduction. [Abstract]
- Arwen P. Mohun: Constructing the History of Risk. Foundations, Tools, and Reasons Why. [Abstract]
- Stefan Kaufmann & Ricky Wichum: Risk and Security: Diagnosis of the Present in the Context of (Post-)Modern Insecurities. [Abstract]
- Malte Thießen: Risk as a Resource: On the Interplay between Risks, Vaccinations and Welfare States in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Germany. [Abstract]
- Jörg Arnold: “The Death of Sympathy.” Coal Mining, Workplace Hazards, and the Politics of Risk in Britain, ca. 1970-1990. [Abstract]
- Sebastian Haus: Risky Sex – Risky Language. HIV/AIDS and the West German Gay Scene in the 1980s. [Abstract]
- Kai Nowak: Teaching Self-Control. Road Safety and Traffic Education in Postwar Germany. [Abstract]
- Peter Itzen: Who is Responsible in Winter? Traffic Accidents, the Fight against Hazardous Weather and the Role of Law in a History of Risks. [Abstract]
- Meike Haunschild: Freedom versus Security. Debates on Social Risks in Western Germany in the 1950s. [Abstract]
- Sarah Haßdenteufel: Covering Social Risks. Poverty Debate and Anti-Poverty Policy in France in the 1980s. [Abstract]
- Felix Krämer: Hazards of Being a Male Breadwinner: Deadbeat Dads in the United States of the 1980s. [Abstract]
- Nicolai Hannig: The Checkered Rise of Resilience. Anticipating Risks of Nature in Switzerland and Germany since 1800. [Abstract]
- Simone M. Müller: “Cut Holes and Sink ‘em”: Chemical Weapons Disposal and Cold War History as a History of Risk. [Abstract]
Mixed Issue: Articles
Current Issue: Animal Politics
HSR Vol. 40 (2015) No. 4:
Forum I: Animal Politics.
Svenja Ahlhaus & Peter Niesen (Eds.): Animal Politics. A New Research Agenda in Political Theory.
While other academic disciplines have all established highly visible branches of Animal Studies in recent decades, Political Theory has struggled to carve out a distinctive approach. What can freedom, equality, citizenship or democracy mean in political communities of humans and animals? The editors of this HSR Forum suggest the new field of Animal Politics, i.e. the study of human-animal relations in Political Theory, is marked by a concern with animals as politically subjected beings, as individual bearers of coercive claims and as candidates for political membership. The first half of the contributions in this HSR Forum critically engage with Sue Donaldson and Will Kymlicka’s pioneering work Zoopolis, especially with their call for applying the vocabulary of citizenship to animals. The other contributions probe the chances for Animal Politics confronting social and political issues such as religious exemptions to animal welfare law or the status of animals at war. The aim of this HSR Forum is to outline and critically evaluate Animal Politics, and provide an alternative both to anthropocentric Political Theory and unpolitical Animal Ethics.
Forum II: Football History.
Jutta Braun (Ed.):Football History. Selected Contributions to Sport in Society.
During the last three decades, different occasions have given reason and motivation for new research and interpretation of German football history: First, the caesura of 1989/1990 lifted the curtain regarding East German football history. Ten years later, the decision to host the World Cup in 2006 in Germany was immediately followed by an upswing of academic as well as societal interest in Football History. This HSR Forum comprises some of the consequent intellectual debates, especially centering on the political and cultural impact of the World Cups in 1954 and 1974, as well as the history of the Bundesliga. At the same time, the perspective of Football history on the European level was taken into account. The effects of the booming commercialization of European football are examined as well as its cultural substance, notably by creating European collective “sites of memory.” Moreover, football history is also increasingly analyzed as a momentum of public discourse: be it as the background for propaganda and myths of victims and villains during the Second World War or, even today, a continued source of national stereotypes.
40.4 - Table of Contents & Abstracts
Forum I: Animal Politics. A New Research Agenda in Political Theory
- Svenja Ahlhaus & Peter Niesen: What is Animal Politics? Outline of a New Research Agenda. [Abstract]
- Bernd Ladwig: Animal Rights – Politicised, but not Humanised. An Interest-Based Critique of Citizenship for Domesticated Animals. [Abstract]
- Thomas Saretzki: Taking Animals Seriously: Interpreting and Institutionalizing Human-Animal Relationships in Modern Democracies. [Abstract]
- Tine Stein: Human Rights and Animal Rights: Differences Matter. [Abstract]
- Sandra Seubert: Politics of Inclusion. Which Conception of Citizenship for Animals?. [Abstract]
- Johannes Marx & Christine Tiefensee: Of Animals, Robots and Men. [Abstract]
- Andreas T. Schmidt: Why Animals have an Interest in Freedom. [Abstract]
- Federico Zuolo: Equality among Animals and Religious Slaughter. [Abstract]
- Karsen Nowrot: Animals at War: The Status of “Animal Soldiers” under International Humanitarian Law. [Abstract]
Forum I: Football History. Selected Contributions to Sport in Society
- Jutta Braun: Football History – A German Perspective on Current Research Fields [Abstract]
- Kay Schiller: Siegen für Deutschland? Patriotism, Nationalism and the German National Football Team, 1954-2014. [Abstract]
- Diethelm Blecking: Das “Wunder von Bern“ 1954 – Zur politischen Instrumentalisierung eines Mythos. [Abstract]
- Nils Havemann: Soziale Marktwirtschaft und “Wirtschaftswunder“ im bundesdeutschen Berufsfußball der 1950er und 1960er Jahre?. [Abstract]
- Katharina Barsch: The Path of European Football. A Level Playing Field for only 90 Minutes. [Abstract]
- Wolfram Pyta: Football Memory in a European Perspective. The Missing Link in the European Integration Process. [Abstract]
- Matthew Taylor: The People’s Game and the People’s War: Football, Nation and Class in Britain, 1939-1945. [Abstract]
- Rolf Parr: Nationalstereotype im internationalen Fußball. [Abstract]
- David Forster & Georg Spitaler: Viennese Football and the German Wehrmacht – Between “Duty” and Evasion. [Abstract]
- Michael Krüger: History of Sports Medicine in Germany. Some Preliminary Reflections on a Complex Research Project. [Abstract]
40.3 - Methods of Innovation Research
HSR Vol. 40 (2015) No. 3:
Special Issue: Methods of Innovation Research.
Dzifa Ametowobla, Nina Baur & Robert Jungmann (Eds.): Methods of Innovation Research: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches.
Innovation Studies today are dominated by two typical theory/method bundles that emerged across disciplinary debates: ethnographies of innovation, evolving mainly from Science and Technology Studies (STS), and (national, regional, territorial) systems of innovation research in economics and geography. Therefore, methodological debates in the field, on the one hand, cover only a small range of research questions, data types, designs, as well as tools for data analysis. On the other hand, methodological tools are strangely detached from the general debate on social science as well as historical and process-oriented methodology.
The hypothesis motivating this HSR Special Issue is that the dominance of these deeply institutionalized agendas within the research field on innovation hampers an adequately broad theoretical and methodological access to the complex processes that are characteristic for innovation. Right now, this problem is only discussed theoretically. With this HSR Special Issue, we want to:
- take a first step towards integrating the methodological debates in innovation research and the social sciences,
- suggest methodological alternatives to ethnographies of innovation, as well as indicator-based systems of innovation research,
- present alternative forms of indicator-based and ethnographic methods.
The methodological tools presented here can provide a broader empirical base for substantial theorizing about innovation as well as for dealing with research topics and theoretical problems as yet unexplored in the field.
40.3 - Table of Contents & Abstracts
Special Issue: Methods of Innovation Research: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed-Method Approaches
- Robert Jungmann, Nina Baur & Dzifa Ametowobla: Grasping Processes of Innovation Empirically. A Call for Expanding the Methodological Toolkit. An Introduction. [Abstract]
- Michael Hutter, Hubert Knoblauch, Werner Rammert & Arnold Windeler: Innovation Society Today. The Reflexive Creation of Novelty. [Abstract]
- Eva Bund, Ulrike Gerhard, Michael Hoelscher & Georg Mildenberger: A Methodological Framework for Measuring Social Innovation. [Abstract]
- Thomas Laux: Qualitative Comparative Analysis as a Method for Innovation Research: Analysing Legal Innovations in OECD Countries. [Abstract]
- Julian Stubbe: Comparative Heuristics from an STS Perspective. Inquiring "Novelty" in Material Practice. [Abstract]
- Anina Engelhardt: The Sociology of Knowledge Approach of Discourse Analysis in Innovation Research: Evaluation of Innovations in Contemporary Fine Art. [Abstract]
- Philipp Altmann: Studying Discourse Innovations: The Case of the Indigenous Movement in Ecuador. [Abstract]
- Anika Noack: Hermeneutical Interpretations in Ethnographies of Innovations. From New Ideas to Social Innovations. [Abstract]
- Grit Petschick: Ethnographic Panels for Analyzing Innovation Processes. [Abstract]
- Annika Naber: Qualitative Experiment as a Participating Method in Innovation Research. [Abstract]
- Dörte Ohlhorst & Susanne Schön: Constellation Analysis as a Means of Interdisciplinary Innovation Research–Theory Formation from the Bottom Up. [Abstract]
- Georg Reischauer: Combining Artefact Analysis, Interview and Participant Observation to Study the Organizational Sensemaking of Knowledge-Based Innovation. [Abstract]
- Jochen Gläser & Grit Laudel: A Bibliometric Reconstruction of Research Trails for Qualitative Investigations of Scientific Innovations. [Abstract]
- Philip Roth: Including the Diary Method in the Investigation of Practices Constituting Social Innovation Networks. [Abstract]