Current Supplement: Politisierte Sozialstruktur
HSR Supplement 27 (2015):
Supplement: Politisierte Sozialstruktur und Wählerverhalten [Politicized Social Structures and Voting Behavior].
Franz Urban Pappi: Politisierte Sozialstruktur und Wählerverhalten bei Bundestagswahlen [Politicized Social Structures and Voting Behavior in German Federal Elections].
The social cleavages of religious denomination and class which once were essential in the formation of the German party system have lost their significance for the contemporary behavior of German voters. This decline is a long-term process that will be demonstrated in this HSR Supplement. Not only was this social shift responsible for the gradual changes in voting behavior, but also the political parties that influenced it – therefore, the term politicized social structure plays an important role in this selection of articles written by Franz Urban Pappi over the last forty years.
From the consolidating vote of the social-liberal coalition in 1972 to the federal elections in united Germany, most of the articles in this HSR Supplement have been written in response to a specific election. The historical nature of these articles show not only the social and political changes occurring at the times of elections, but also provide insight into the thematic cycles of German psephology. Since the 1970s, trends in German psephology have varied greatly. In the 1970s, for example, the focus by social and political scientists was placed on the trends of unionization. During the 1980s, scholars were interested in examining the rise of the Green Party, and in the 1990s, the establishment of the democratic party system in East Germany became the focus of researchers. Regardless of the focus of scholars, however, the availability of poll data in complete form has permitted scholars to chart changes in the politicized social structures in Germany independent of research trends.
The articles in this HSR Supplement are divided into four parts. In Part I, the term cleavage and the research approaches to examining social cleavages are discussed. Part II contains an analysis of the stable “Three-Party-System” present in the 1970s. In Part III, driving forces and actors behind the politicized social divisions of religion, social class and social movements are examined. The more recently published articles in Part IV make use of databases with accumulated poll data to explore the opportunity of performing analyses covering generations of voters in the long term. Through these analyses, it becomes clear that, despite sociostructural interests remaining significant for party preference, the traditional politicized social divisions become less important to subsequent generations of German voters over time.
Suppl. 27 - Table of Contents & Abstracts
- Franz Urban Pappi: Themenschwerpunkte einer Wissenschaftlerlaufbahn. [Abstract]
- Franz Urban Pappi: Cleavage. [Abstract]
- Franz Urban Pappi: Die politisierte Sozialstruktur heute: Historische Reminiszenz oder aktuelles Erklärungspotential?. [Abstract]
- Franz Urban Pappi: Parteiensystem und Sozialstruktur in der Bundesrepublik. [Abstract]
- Franz Urban Pappi: Sozialstruktur, gesellschaftliche Wertorientierung und Wahlabsicht: Ergebnisse eines Zeitvergleichs des deutschen Elektorats 1953 und 1976. [Abstract]
- Franz Urban Pappi: Die konfessionell-religiöse Konfliktlinie in der deutschen Wählerschaft: Entstehung, Stabilität und Wandel. [Abstract]
- Franz Urban Pappi: Klassenstruktur und Wahlverhalten im sozialen Wandel. [Abstract]
- Franz Urban Pappi: Neue soziale Bewegungen und Wahlverhalten
in der Bundesrepublik. [Abstract]
- Franz Urban Pappi & Susumu Shikano: Die politisierte Sozialstruktur als mittelfristig stabile Basis einer deutschen Normalwahl. [Abstract]
- Franz Urban Pappi & Jens Brandenburg: Soziale Einflüsse auf die Klassenwahl im Generationen- und Periodenvergleich: Eine Analyse für Westdeutschland. [Abstract]
- Franz Urban Pappi & Jens Brandenburg: Sozialstrukturelle Interessenlagen und Parteipräferenz in Deutschland. Stabilität und Wandel seit 1980. [Abstract]
- Franz Urban Pappi: Curriculum Vitae & Schriftenverzeichnis. [Abstract]
40.3 - Methods of Innovation Research
HSR Vol. 40 (2015) No. 3:
Special Issue: Methods of Innovation Research.
Dzifa Ametowobla, Nina Baur & Robert Jungmann (Eds.): Methods of Innovation Research: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches.
Innovation Studies today are dominated by two typical theory/method bundles that emerged across disciplinary debates: ethnographies of innovation, evolving mainly from Science and Technology Studies (STS), and (national, regional, territorial) systems of innovation research in economics and geography. Therefore, methodological debates in the field, on the one hand, cover only a small range of research questions, data types, designs, as well as tools for data analysis. On the other hand, methodological tools are strangely detached from the general debate on social science as well as historical and process-oriented methodology.
The hypothesis motivating this HSR Special Issue is that the dominance of these deeply institutionalized agendas within the research field on innovation hampers an adequately broad theoretical and methodological access to the complex processes that are characteristic for innovation. Right now, this problem is only discussed theoretically. With this HSR Special Issue, we want to:
- take a first step towards integrating the methodological debates in innovation research and the social sciences,
- suggest methodological alternatives to ethnographies of innovation, as well as indicator-based systems of innovation research,
- present alternative forms of indicator-based and ethnographic methods.
The methodological tools presented here can provide a broader empirical base for substantial theorizing about innovation as well as for dealing with research topics and theoretical problems as yet unexplored in the field.
40.3 - Table of Contents & Abstracts
Special Issue: Methods of Innovation Research: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed-Method Approaches
- Robert Jungmann, Nina Baur & Dzifa Ametowobla: Grasping Processes of Innovation Empirically. A Call for Expanding the Methodological Toolkit. An Introduction. [Abstract]
- Michael Hutter, Hubert Knoblauch, Werner Rammert & Arnold Windeler: Innovation Society Today. The Reflexive Creation of Novelty. [Abstract]
- Eva Bund, Ulrike Gerhard, Michael Hoelscher & Georg Mildenberger: A Methodological Framework for Measuring Social Innovation. [Abstract]
- Thomas Laux: Qualitative Comparative Analysis as a Method for Innovation Research: Analysing Legal Innovations in OECD Countries. [Abstract]
- Julian Stubbe: Comparative Heuristics from an STS Perspective. Inquiring "Novelty" in Material Practice. [Abstract]
- Anina Engelhardt: The Sociology of Knowledge Approach of Discourse Analysis in Innovation Research: Evaluation of Innovations in Contemporary Fine Art. [Abstract]
- Philipp Altmann: Studying Discourse Innovations: The Case of the Indigenous Movement in Ecuador. [Abstract]
- Anika Noack: Hermeneutical Interpretations in Ethnographies of Innovations. From New Ideas to Social Innovations. [Abstract]
- Grit Petschick: Ethnographic Panels for Analyzing Innovation Processes. [Abstract]
- Annika Naber: Qualitative Experiment as a Participating Method in Innovation Research. [Abstract]
- Dörte Ohlhorst & Susanne Schön: Constellation Analysis as a Means of Interdisciplinary Innovation Research–Theory Formation from the Bottom Up. [Abstract]
- Georg Reischauer: Combining Artefact Analysis, Interview and Participant Observation to Study the Organizational Sensemaking of Knowledge-Based Innovation. [Abstract]
- Jochen Gläser & Grit Laudel: A Bibliometric Reconstruction of Research Trails for Qualitative Investigations of Scientific Innovations. [Abstract]
- Philip Roth: Including the Diary Method in the Investigation of Practices Constituting Social Innovation Networks. [Abstract]