Historical Social Research

Current Issue: Energy Crises

HSR Vol. 39 (2014) No. 4:
Special Issue: The Energy Crises of the 1970s.

Frank Bösch & Rüdiger Graf (Eds.): The Energy Crises of the 1970s. Anticipations and Reactions in the Industrialized World.

The oil crisis of 1973 has often been described as an essential caesura in the history of Western industrialized nations and even the world as a whole. Understanding the formation of energy policies as reactions to the anticipation of future energy situations, the articles in this volume challenge the common understanding of the first oil crisis as a global turning point. They do so by extending the perspective on the 1970s energy crises in three dimensions. First of all, they situate the first oil crisis within a longer time frame, often starting in the 1960s and then examining the second oil crisis at the end of 1979. Secondly, they focus not on oil alone, but integrate other sources of energy into the picture: coal, nuclear, and gas. This widened perspective accounts for the fact that “energy” emerged as a coherent field of knowledge and policy in the 1970s. Finally, this volume assumes an international perspective including studies on Western as well as on socialist countries. Thereby it positions the energy crises within the history of the Cold War and asks how “global” the transnational flow of oil and the oil crises truly were.

Furthermore, this HSR contains a Mixed Issue.

[Order]

39.4 - Table of Contents & Abstracts

39.4 - Table of Contents & Abstracts

Special Issue: The Energy Crises of the 1970s
  • Frank Bösch & Rüdiger Graf: Reacting to Anticipations: Energy Crises and Energy Policy in the 1970s. An Introduction. [Abstract]
  • Robert D. Lifset: A New Understanding of the American Energy Crisis of the 1970s. [Abstract]
  • Rüdiger Graf: Claiming Sovereignty in the Oil Crisis. “Project Independence” and Global Interdependence in the United States, 1973/74. [Abstract]
  • Nuno Madureira: Waiting for the Energy Crisis: Europe and the US on the Eve of the First Oil Shock. [Abstract]
  • Mogens Rüdiger: The 1973 Oil Crisis and the Designing of a Danish Energy Policy. [Abstract]
  • Jeronim Perović & Dunja Krempin: “The Key is in Our Hands:” Soviet Energy Strategy during Détente and the Global Oil Crises of the 1970s. [Abstract]
  • Elisabetta Bini: A Transatlantic Shock: Italy’s Energy Policies between the Mediterranean and the EEC, 1967-1974. [Abstract]
  • Frank Bösch: Energy Diplomacy: West Germany, the Soviet Union and the Oil Crises of the 1970s. [Abstract]
  • David S. Painter: Oil and Geopolitics: The Oil Crises of the 1970s and the Cold War. [Abstract]
  • Henning Türk: The Oil Crisis of 1973 as a Challenge to Multilateral Energy Cooperation among Western Industrialized Countries. [Abstract]
  • André Steiner: “Common Sense is Necessary.” East German Reactions to the Oil Crises of the 1970s. [Abstract]
  • Christian Marx: Failed Solutions to the Energy Crises: Nuclear Power, Coal Conversion, and the Chemical Industry in West Germany since the 1960s. [Abstract]
  • Jonathan Kuiken: Caught in Transition: Britain’s Oil Policy in the Face of Impending Crisis, 1967-1973. [Abstract]
Mixed Issue
  • Admire Chereni: A Methodological Approach and Conceptual Tools for Studying Migrant Belongings in African Cities: A Case of Zimbabweans in Johannesburg. [Abstract]
  • Michael Zängle: Trends in Papal Communication: A Content Analysis of Encyclicals, from Leo XIII to Pope Francis. [Abstract]

39.3 - Terrorism, Gender, and History

HSR Vol. 39 (2014) No. 3:
Special Issue: Terrorism, Gender, and History.

Sylvia Schraut & Klaus Weinhauer (Eds.): Terrorism, Gender, and History. State of Research, Concepts, Case Studies.

Gendered perspectives on terrorism are still absent in most scientific disciplines. This HSR Special Issue stands in the tradition of interdisciplinary culturalist terrorism research, which emerged in the 1990s. Overall, the contributions of this volume demonstrate four research results: First, analyzing terrorism singularly as a present-day political phenomenon fails to recognize its long political, historical and cultural traditions. Second, to neglect gender in political or academic terrorism studies blinds us to the transnational, entangled and transgenerational influence of gender concepts on terroristic agency and on understanding the representation of the terrorist in the media and in scholarly research. Third, the gendered interaction of terrorism with the state and with media societies is of crucial importance. In media societies, mainstream media do not simply transmit information. Instead, they can support dominant politico-cultural norms and values, but can also set agendas by presenting, interpreting and discussing terrorist acts and related state actions. Thus they generate follow-up communication which challenges terrorists and the state. Fourth, it has been shown that interdisciplinary cooperation in gendered terrorism studies broadens and strengthens our knowledge about political violence; it also demonstrates the advantages of emphasizing not only the necessity to use gender as analytical category, but also the necessity to reflect the meaning of the gender concepts we use.

Focus: Interactive Visualizations.

Daniel Hienert (Ed.): A Model for the Integration of Interactive Visualizations into the Process of Information Searching and Linking on the Web.

The Web provides access to a mass of heterogeneous information. Accessing this information through search engines and browsing is nowadays a standard procedure for everyone. Interactive visualizations can be an integral part of the search and linking process because they provide benefits like (1) a variety of different representations for big, heterogeneous and complex information and (2) their interactivity that supports the cognition process of the user. This HSR Focus discusses the foundations in information searching, information visualization and information processing and builds a model for the integration of interactive visualizations into the process of information searching and linking on the Web.

Furthermore, this HSR contains a Mixed Issue.

[Order]

39.3 - Table of Contents & Abstracts

39.3 - Table of Contents & Abstracts

Special Issue: Terrorism, Gender, and History
  • Sylvia Schraut & Klaus Weinhauer: Terrorism, Gender, and History – Introduction. [Abstract]
  • Eva Herschinger: Political Science, Terrorism and Gender. [Abstract]
  • Sue Malvern & Gabriel Koureas: Terrorist Transgressions: Exploring the Gendered Representations of the Terrorist. [Abstract]
  • Dominique Grisard: History of Knowledge, Terrorism and Gender. [Abstract]
  • Kevin Keenan: Gender Aspects of Terrorism in Urban Spaces. [Abstract]
  • María Xosé Agra Romero: Escaping/Transgressing the Feminine: Bodies, Prisons and Weapons of Proximity. [Abstract]
  • Maleeha Aslam: Islamism and Masculinity: Case Study Pakistan. [Abstract]
  • Amanda Third: Mediating the Female Terrorist: Patricia Hearst and the Containment of the Feminist Terrorist Threat in the United States in the 1970s. [Abstract]
Focus: Interactive Visualizations
  • Daniel Hienert: A Model for the Integration of Interactive Visualizations into the Process of Information Searching and Linking on the Web. [Abstract]
  • Daniel Hienert: Grundlagen der Informationssuche, Informationsvisualisierung und Informationsverarbeitung für die Integration von interaktiven Visualisierungen in die Websuche. [Abstract]
Mixed Issue
  • Merlin Schaeffer: The Social Meaning of Inherited Financial Assets. Moral Ambivalences of Intergenerational Transfers. [Abstract]
  • Christian Morgner: The Evolution of the Art Fair. [Abstract]
  • Roberto Riccuiti: Fascism was not a Developmental Dictatorship. Evidence from Simple Tests. [Abstract]
  • Sarah Irwin, Joanna Bornat & Mandy Winterton: Qualitative Secondary Analysis in Austere Times: A Reply to Coltart, Henwood and Shirani. [Abstract]