Historical Social Research

41.4 - Political Elites & the Crisis of European Integration

HSR Vol. 41 (2016) 4
Special Issue - 
Lars Vogel & Juan Rodríguez-Teruel (Eds.): National Political Elites and the Crisis of European Integration, Country Studies 2007-2014.

European Integration is currently facing tremendous challenges caused by a series of cumulating crises. Their onset was the global financial and economic crisis in 2008 that rapidly evolved into a sovereign debt crisis, further into a crisis of the Eurozone and led eventually to a political crisis of the entire EU. National political elites have been among the core actors to cope with these challenges. Their behaviour is driven by their Europeanness, i.e. their emotionally and rationally determined attitudes, cognitions and strategies regarding European Integration. To take elites’ greater influence accordingly into account this HSR Special Issue analyzes the shape and determinants of national elites’ Europeanness and the way it developed during the crises. 

The analysis is based on country studies covering 10 EU Member States that represent the main regions within the EU and the salient conflict lines during these crises. It makes use of a unique research design that integrates three surveys among national parliamentarians conducted by the IntUne and the ENEC research projects in 2007, 2009 and 2014 thereby spanning the various stages of the crises. The contributions demonstrate that the crises have affected national elites’ Europeanness in complex ways that are determined by the diversing impact they had on the investigated countries and by how elites perceive the efficiency of supranational integration to cope with them. Beyond national differences, the general evaluations of Europeanness remain quite stable pro-European while preferences regarding the concrete organization of integration are rather prone to change. Elites’ Europeanness primarily shifts in countries, in which strong Eurosceptic parties gained ground during the mentioned crisis indicating that there is the still overwhelmingly pro-European elites are faced with the challenge of responsiveness to an increasingly Eurosceptic population.

Furthermore, HSR 41 (2016) 4 contains three contributions in Mixed Issue.  

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41.4 - Table of Contents & Abstracts

Special Issue: National Political Elites and the Crisis of European Integration

  • Lars Vogel & Juan Rodríguez-Teruel: Staying on Course in Turbulent Times: National Political Elites and the Crisis of European Integration[Abstract] 
  • Bojana Kocijan & Marko Kukec: From Hard Consensus to Soft Euroscepticism: Attitudes of Croatian MPs on EU Integration. [Abstract]
  • Lars Vogel: Maintaining the Permissive Consensus in Times of Crises: The Europeanness of Germany’s Political Elites, 2007-2014. [Abstract]
  • Yannis Tsirbas & Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos: Europe at the Epicenter of National Politics: The Attitudes of Greek Political Elites Towards the European Union and the Economic Crisis. [Abstract]
  • Borbála Göncz & György Lengyel: Changing Attitudes of Hungarian Political Elites Towards the EU (2007-2014). [Abstract]
  • Nicolò Conti, Maurizio Cotta & Luca Verzichelli: The Economic Crisis and its Effects on the Attitudes of Italian Political Elites Towards the EU. [Abstract]
  • Irmina Matonyte, Gintaras Šumskas & Vaidas Morkevičius: Europeanness of Lithuanian Political Elite: Europhilia, Russophobia and Neoliberalism. [Abstract]
  • Pedro T. Magalhães, João Cancela & Catherine Moury: Scattered Clouds in the Horizon of Consensus: Attitudes of Portuguese Parliamentary Elites Towards Europe Before and After the Crisis. [Abstract]
  • Matej Makarovič, Lea Prijon, Mateja Rek & Matevž Tomšič: The Strength of Pro-European Consensus Among Slovenian Political Elites. [Abstract]
  • Juan Rodríguez-Teruel, José Real-Dato & Miguel Jerez: But Still Enthusiastic: the Unchanged Europeannes of the Spanish Parliamentary Elite during the Eurozone Crisis. [Abstract]
  • Dobrinka Kostova: Report on Bulgaria: Elites’ Europeanness and their Trust in Institutions. [Abstract

Mixed Issue 

  • Paul Puschmann, Robyn Donrovich, Per-Olof Grönberg, Graziela Dekeyser & Koen Matthijs: Disfavored in Life, Favored in Death? Later-Life Mortality Differences (Ages 30+) between Migrants and Natives in Antwerp, Rotterdam and Stockholm, 1850-1930. [Abstract]
  • Ashkan Ashkpour, Kees Mandemakers & Onno Boonstra: Source Oriented Harmonization of Aggregate Historical Census Data: A Flexible and Accountable Approach in RDF. [Abstract]
  • Niccolo Caldararo: Human Sacrifice, Capital Punishment, Prisons & Justice: The Function and Failure of Punishment and Search for Alternatives. [Abstract]