In recent years, European liberal democracies have increasingly come under strain. The rise of anti-establishment and sometimes openly anti-democratic politicians and parties (Pappas, 2016) and other trends have sparked concerns about the progress of societies: An increasing polarization and radicalization of publics and political discourse (Benkler, Faris, & Roberts, 2018), the advent of alternative, hyperpartisan media hosting disinformation campaigns, fostering antagonism, and propagating authoritarian ideas (Arif, Stewart, & Starbird, 2018; Sanovich, 2018) as well as an apparent shift towards authoritarian values among citizens (Foa & Mounk, 2016, 2017) have left observers and publics across Europe alike worrying about how Europe’s liberal democracies can cope with the threat these developments may pose to liberal democracy.
From a normative point of view, the electoral success of (right-wing) populist parties critical of liberal democracy, the political and social division of publics as well as their radicalization, the spread of untrustworthy and misleading content online, and the turning away from core democratic values are clearly undesirable and alarming. However, while lively academic discussions as well as public debates have revolved around the causes of these phenomena, little research has been conducted regarding their consequences. Do they actually pose a serious threat to democracy? Do authoritarian challenges endanger the stability and functioning of European democracies?
To answer these questions, we invite papers addressing one or more of the following themes:
We want to further an interdisciplinary exchange on these complex themes and invite papers from all social-science disciplines. We are open to all methodological approaches but particularly welcome comparative cross-sectional and longitudinal studies that help understand how authoritarian trends affect European liberal democracies both on the system and the citizen level.
Jonas Linde (University of Bergen)
Marlene Mauk (GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences)
Heidi Schulze (GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences)
Arif, A., Stewart, L. G., & Starbird, K. (2018). Acting the Part: Examining Information Operations Within #BlackLivesMatter Discourse. Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, 2(CSCW), 1–27. doi.org/10.1145/3274289
Benkler, Y., Faris, R., & Roberts, H. (2018). Network propaganda: Manipulation, disinformation, and radicalization in American politics. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Foa, R. S., & Mounk, Y. (2016). The Democratic Disconnect. Journal of Democracy, 27(3), 5–17. doi.org/10.1353/jod.2016.0049
Foa, R. S., & Mounk, Y. (2017). The Signs of Deconsolidation. Journal of Democracy, 28(1), 5–15. doi.org/10.1353/jod.2017.0000
Pappas, T. S. (2016). Distinguishing Liberal Democracy’s Challengers. Journal of Democracy, 27(4), 22–36. doi.org/10.1353/jod.2016.0059
Sanovich, S. (2018). Russia. The origins of digital misinformation. In S. C. Woolley & P. N. Howard (Eds.), Oxford studies in digital politics. Computational propaganda: Political parties, politicians, and political manipulation on social media (pp. 21–40). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.