The European Election Studies (EES) are about electoral participation and voting behaviour in European Parliament elections, and include topics such as the evolution of a political community and public sphere in the European Union, citizens' perceptions of and preferences about the EU political regime, and the evaluation of its political performance. They offer wide opportunities for comparative and longitudinal analyses across the EU member states.
The EES is run under the responsibility of the international European Election Research Group constituted by a group of political and social scientist from different academic institutions all over Europe.
Although the EES refers mainly to voter surveys conducted since 1979, the EES program comprises also political elite surveys, media studies and the Euromanifestos project (EES homepage). Until 1994 the corresponding question modules of the voter survey were part of the European Commission's Eurobarometer surveys at the time. Starting with the 1999 elections, the European Election Studies are continued under separate cover, but sustaining a large part of the established questions.
A click on the box below will give an overview of the EES data collection. Click on the GESIS study ID for direct access to the respective study description, on the Eurobarometer wave number for accessing the respective study in ZACAT.
Studies administered by EES International Research Group
Concurrently to the regular European Election Studies, other survey programs about the elections to the European Parliament are carried out. These co-existing surveys include the “European Elections” series of Eurobarometer, which in each round cover distinctive political topics in the EU, the EU Profiler, Elite studies, and other.
- EES 1989 (ZA2320) - partial integration of EB 30, 31 and 31A
- EES 1994 (ZA2865) - partial integration of EB 40, 41.0, 41.1 and 42
- European Candidates 1994 (ZA3077)
- EES 1999 (DANS urn:nbn:nl:ui:13-3bm-qcp)
- EES 2004 (ZA4566)
- EES 2009 / PIREDEU
- EES 2014
Other studies on European Elections
- European Elections 1979: EB 11 and 12
- European Elections Survey 1979 (UK-DA 10.5255/UKDA-SN-1484-1)
- Media Study 1979: The Role of Broadcasting in the First Direct Elections to the European Parliament, 1979 (ZA1222)
- Candidates for the European Parliament, April-May 1979 (ICPSR 9033)
- Europ. Polit. Parties' Middle-Level Elites 1975-1983 (ZA1598)
- European Elections 1984: EB 21 and 22
- Members of the Europ. Parliament 1996 (ZA3078)
- European Members of Parliament 1996 (ZA3079)
- European Elections 1999: EB 52.0, Flash 66 (ZA3173) and 67 (ZA3174)
- European Elections 2004: EB 61.0, Flash 161 (ZA4185) and 162 (ZA4186)
- European Elections 2009: EB 69.2, 70.1, 71.1, 71.3, Flash 266 (ZA4891)
- EU Profiler (user positioning in the political spectrum - European Elections 2009): GN0079, GESIS studies ZA5801 to ZA5839
- Surveys of Members of the European Parliament, 2000, 2006 and 2010 (UK-DA 10.5255/UKDA-SN-6086-1 and EPRG MEP Survey Data)
- European Elections 2014: EB 77.4, 78.2, 79.5 (reports)
Access to primary data
Primary data and documentation for all European Election Studies and related Eurobarometer stored at GESIS are available for DOWNLOAD through the respective study description entry in the GESIS data catalogue (DBK) as soon as you have signed in (registration required). Download is free of charge.
The ELITE STUDIES (except public use files) are subject to special permission and usage conditions. The data have to be orderd through the DBK SHOPPING CART.
- European Election Studies website
- PIREDEU project website (EU FP7)
- EES bibliography
- Information on the elections to the European Parliament
- European Elections Database - election results across countries, NUTS regions and over time
- Parties and Elections in Europe - database on parliamentary elections in Europe since 1945
- EUDO - European Union Democracy Observatory at EUI, including access to EU-Profiler (doi:10.4232/1.11689) and ParlGov databases
- Chapel Hill Expert Surveys (CHES) [by Liesbet Hooghe] - estimating party positions on European integration, ideology and policy issues for national parties
- RDC Elections - German national election studies