Inhalt: "For the last twenty years gender equality has been on the agenda of national higher education policies both within Europe and beyond it. Previous research in this area has produced numerous case studies about programmes at institutions of higher education as well as reports about national policies. Building on this material, the authors of this book analyse under which circumstances equality programmes are successful In order to develop a deeper understanding of the mechanisms of and barriers to gender equality in higher education this book presents comparative studies and research focusing on the development of gender equality policies in different countries, as well as studies on the conditions for implementing policies, changes in strategies and the evaluation of gende equality programmes." (author's abstract). Contents: Susanne Baer: Options of Knowledge - Opportunities in Science (13-26); Wanda E. Ward: The Success of Female Scientists in the 21st Century (27-44); Maya Widmer, Regula Julia Leemann, Heidi Stutz, Katrin Schönfisch: Cooling Out? Gender and Research in Switzerland (45-52); Andrea Löther, Elisabeth Maurer: Evaluation of Gender Equality Policies (53-68); Terry Morehead Dworkin, Angel Kwolek-Folland, Virginia Maurer, Cindy A. Schipani: Pathways to Success for Women Scientists in Higher Education in the US (69-86); Mary Ann Danowitz: Gender Equality as Organizational Change - Frames, Challenges, and Strategies in the European Union and the United States (87-100); Jane Wilkinson: 'Keeping your Eye on the Prize': Gender Equality Programmes in Enterprise Universities (101-118); Quirin J. Bauer, Susanne Gruber: Balancing and Optimising Gender Mainstreaming at German Universities (119-136); Angelika Paseka: Political will is not enough - Results from the Evaluation of a Pilot Scheme for Implementing Gender Mainstreaming (137-152); Helene Füger, Nikolina Sretenova, Christine Brunn, Dagmar Höppel, Evi Genetti, Sabine Lask: Promoting women researchers through mentoring. Eument-Net as a Basis for a European Network of Mentoring Programmes for Women in Academia and Research (153-162); Carmen Leicht-Scholten: Where is the Key to Success? A Comparative Evaluation of Mentoring Programmes for Outstanding Female Scientists in Natural Science, Engineering, Social Sciences and Medicine (163-178); Lynette Browning: Leading Women: The Positive Impact of Women and Leadership Programs (179-192); Inken Lind: Balancing Career and Family in Higher Education - New Trends and Results (193-208); Gender Equality Programmes: Recommendations of the 5th European Conference on Gender Equality in Higher Education 2007 at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (209-212).