"Science, historically, has been a man's field. With few exceptions, well-educated, eminently capable women scientists have traditionally been relegated to less influential positions, working as laboratory assistants or assistant professors while their male counterparts receive tenure, recognition, and salary increases. What are the reasons for this continuing exclusion of women from science's 'inner circle'? 'The Outer Circle: Women in the Scientific Community' is a groundbreaking sociological study of the place of women in the largely male-dominated world of modern-day science. It explores the subtle alienation of women scientists - and its profound effect on their work. Though the number of women in science has virtually tripled in recent years, women scientists remain an unrewarded minority, and their contributions still lag far behind." (author's abstract). Contents: The outer circle: women's position in the scientific community: 1. The careers of men and women scientists: a review of current research (27-56); Harriet Zuckerman. 2. Citation Classics: Women's and men's perceptions of their contributions to science (57-70); Helen S. Astin: 3. Interview with Salome Waelsch (71-93); 4. Interview with Andrea Dupree (94-126); 5. Interview with Sandra Panem (127-154); II Are women less procuctive scientists? Jonathan R. Cole, Harriet Zuckerman: 6. Marriage, motherhood, and research performance in science (157-170); Wiliam T. Bielby: 7. Sex differences in careers: is science a special case? (169-187); Mary Frank Fox: 8. Gender, environmental milieu, and productivity in science (188-204); Stephen Cole, Robert Fiorentine: 9. Discrimination against women in science: the confusion of outcome with process (205-226); Evelyn Fox Keller: 10. The wo/man scientist: issues of sex and gender in the pursuit of science (227-236); II Women's careers: The Obstacle Course: Cynthia Fuchs Epstein: 11. Constraints on excellence: structural and cultural barriers to the recognition and demonstration of achievement (239-258); 12. Owen M. Fiss: An uncertain inheritance (259-273); IV A theoretical explanation: Jonathan R. Cole, Burton Singer: 13. A theory of limited differences: explaining the productivity puzzle in science (277-310).