Inhalt: What does the growth of faith-based organisations (FBOs) in social welfare mean for women’s rights and gender equality, especially within advocacy services for women experiencing domestic violence? Through empirical research within a Catholic-based organisation providing welfare services to abused women in São Paulo, Brazil, this article argues that FBOs can negatively impact the provision of women's rights when conservative and patriarchal views towards gender and women’s roles in society are maintained. A heavily matrifocal perspective, where women’s identity and subjectivity are mediated through their normative roles as wives, mothers and carers of the family, appears to offer little possibility of change for abused women, who are encouraged to forgive violent husbands and question their own behaviour. Mediation between couples is promoted, undermining women's rights upheld through Brazil's domestic violence law (Lei Maria da Penha no 11.340). Furthermore, the focus of family preservation, supported by a patriarchal state, means that violence against women (VAW) appears to be subordinated to a focus on family violence and violence against children. In this case, faith-based involvement in social welfare rejects the feminist analysis of VAW as a gender-based problem, viewing it as a personal issue rather than a collective or political issue, making women responsible for the violence in their lives.
Inhalt: "Die französische Debatte um das Kopftuchverbot im öffentlichen Raum verweist auf den Bezug feministischer Aktivistinnen auf die Prinzipien des republikanischen Universalismus trotz ihrer konträren politischen Positionen. Dieser Bezug wird von postkolonialen Kritikerinnen radikal in Frage gestellt, die das gesetzliche Kopftuchverbot in der Tradition kolonialer Herrschaftsmuster sehen. Überlegenswert erscheint die Anregung, den republikanischen Laizismus als tatsächlich neutralen Raum zu verstehen, in dem Religionen als Stimmen der Zivilgesellschaft zum Ausdruck kommen, aber auch das Recht auf Nicht-Religiosität anerkannt wird." (Autorenreferat)
Inhalt: "The French debate on the law banning the Muslim veil in public space shows that, feminist activists refer to the principles of republican universalism despite their controversial political attitudes. Republician laicism offers the challenge of being understood as a really neutral space, where religions can express themselves as voices of civil society, and where nonetheless the right to not be religious is also recognized." (author's abstract)