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Overt, Covert, And Subtle Sexism : A Comparison Between the Attitudes Toward Women and Modern Sexism Scales
Quelle: Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21 (1997) 1, S 103–118
Inhalt: The Attitudes Toward Women Scale (AWS) is routinely used as a general measure of sexism. In this article, it is argued that the AWS (Spence, Helmreich, & Stapp, 1973) actually measures overt or blatant sexism (harmful and unequal treatment of women that is intentional, visible, and unambiguous), whereas the Modern Sexism Scale (MS) measures covert or subtle forms of sexism (sexism that is either hidden and clandestine or unnoticed because it is built into cultural and societal norms). Support for this distinction is shown by way of (a) confirmatory factor analyses, (b) correlations with affective reactions to different categories of women and men (i.e., women and men in general, traditional women and men, feminists, and chauvinists), and (c) correlations with perceptions of sexual harassment. These analyses indicate that the AWS and MS scales measure distinct but related constructs.
Schlagwörter:gender stereotypes; Modern Sexism Scale; sexism; Sexismus; sexual harassment; sexuelle Belästigung
CEWS Kategorie:Sexuelle Belästigung und Gewalt
Evaluating Measures of Contemporary Sexism
Quelle: Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21 (1997) 1, S 89–102
Inhalt: Two recently published measures of contemporaty sexist attitudes were examined and compared with a sample of 106 Canadian college students. Swim, Aikin, Hall, and Hunter’s (1995) Modern Sexism scale was found to be an acceptable measure of sexist attitudes in terms of its internal reliability and its ability to predict other gender-related political attitudes. Although the Modern Sexism scale and the Neosexism scale (Tougas, Brown, Beaton, & Joly, 1995) were equally good at predicting support for the feminist movement and attitudes toward lesbians and gay men, the Neosexism scale had better internal reliability and exhibited stronger gender differences. Moreover, the Neosexism scale was superior at predicting value orientations relevant to modern prejudices.
Schlagwörter:Evaluation; Gender Bias; Methode; sex role; Sexismus; Skala; Stereotyp; scale; sexism; method; stereotypes;
CEWS Kategorie:Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung, Sexuelle Belästigung und Gewalt