Die Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage
der Sozialwissenschaften

ALLBUS 2000 PAPI (ZA No. 3452)

Data Collection Period:

  •  January 2000 to July 2000


Data Collector:

  • Infratest, Munich


Data Set:

  • 666 respondents
  • 675 variables

Scientific Council:

  • Jutta Allmendinger, Universität München;
  • Hans-Jürgen Andreß, Universität Bielefeld;
  • Wilhelm Bürklin, Universität Potsdam;
  • Andreas Diekmann, Universität Bern;
  • Hubert Feger, Freie Universität Berlin;
  • Johannes Huinink, Universität Rostock;
  • Heiner Meulemann, Universität zu Köln;
  • Walter Müller, Universität Mannheim;
  • Karl Dieter Opp, Universität Leipzig;
  • Erwin K. Scheuch, Universität zu Köln;
  • Heike Solga, Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung, Berlin



Social monitoring of trends in attitudes, behavior, and societal change in the Federal Republic of Germany. The main topics in 2000 are:

  1. Attitudes towards marriage, family, and partnership
  2. Importance of job characteristics
  3. Political attitudes
  4. Deviant behavior and sanctions
  5. Attitudes relating to the process of German unification
  6. Attitudes towards ethnic groups in Germany and to migration
  7. National pride
  8. Attitudes towards social inequality and the welfare state
  9. Other topics
  10. ALLBUS-Demography
  11. Data on the interview (paradata)
  12. Added value



  1. Attitudes towards marriage, family, and partnership: family as a prerequisite for happiness; Marriage in case of steady partnership or if child was born; attitudes towards the role of women in the family; attitude towards employment of women; ideal number of children; importance of educational goals; attitudes towards abortion.
  2. Importance of job characteristics: preferred job characteristics (security, income, responsibility, etc.); fear of unemployment or loss of business.
  3. Political attitudes: political participation; party inclination; confidence in public institutions and organizations (public health service, federal constitutional court, federal parliament (Bundestag), city or municipal administration, armed forces, churches, judiciary, television, newspapers, universities, federal government, trade unions, police, employment offices, retirement insurance, employers' association, European Community Commission, European Parliament, European Court of Justice) identification with own municipality, the federal state, the old Federal Republic or the GDR, unified Germany and the EC; political interest; postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions); self-placement on left-right continuum; influence of politics on our life; political support (satisfaction with democracy in Germany).
  4. Deviant behavior and sanctions: opinion on various deviant acts with reference to their reprehensibility and the degree to which they deserve prosecution; respect of the law; probability of engaging in various deviant acts in the future; self-reported deviant behavior; assessment of probability of being caught committing various crimes; lowering the crime rate through severer punishment; own victimization.
  5. Attitudes relating to the process of German unification: attitudes towards the demand for increased willingness to make sacrifices in the West and more patience in the East; unification is advantageous, for East and West respectively; future of the East depends on the willingness of eastern Germans to make an effort; strangeness of citizens in the other part of Germany; performance pressure in the new states; attitude towards dealing with the Stasi-past of individuals; evaluation of socialism as an idea.
  6. Attitudes towards ethnic groups in Germany and to migration: attitude towards the influx of eastern European ethnic Germans, asylum seekers, labor from EU or non-EU countries; citizenship (nationality), scale of attitudes towards foreigners and contacts with foreigners within the family, at work, in the neighborhood, or among friends.
  7. National pride: pride in German institutions and German achievements; pride in being a German.
  8. Attitudes towards social inequality and the welfare state: perceived prerequisites for success in society; evaluation of personal occupational success; assessment of access to education; self-assessment of social class; fair share in standard of living; attitudes towards the welfare state and social differences; attitudes towards the German economic system and evaluation of policies supporting the welfare state; attitudes towards social differences and conditions for social success; satisfaction with life in the Federal Republic; evaluation of own social security; attitudes towards expansion or cuts in social services.
  9. Other topics: social pessimism and orientation towards the future (anomia); interpersonal trust; self-assessment of religiousness; marriage in church; baptism of children; desire to have children; friends (ego-centered networks), party preference of and mutual familiarity between friends, German citizenship (nationality) of friends, assessment of the present and future economic situation in Germany and in one's own federal state; assessment of present and future personal economic situation; comparison of economic situations in different periods of time; estimation of unemployment figures.
  10. ALLBUS-Demography:
    • Details about the respondent: gender; month and year of birth, age; geographical origin and personal mobility, citizenship; place of residence (federal state, administrative district, size of municipality, BIK-type of municipality) and length of residence; religious denomination, frequency of church attendance; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); school education, vocational training; employment status; details about current occupation, affiliation to public service, supervisory functions, working hours per week; length of unemployment; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; details about former occupation; respondent's income; marital status; marital status; marital biography; membership in a trade union or political party.
    • Details about respondent's current spouse: age; school education, vocational training; employment status; details about current occupation.
    • Details about respondent's steady partner: common household; distribution of household chores; age; school education, vocational training; employment status; details about current occupation.
    • Details about respondent's parents: school education of father and mother; father's occupation.
    • Description of household: size of household; number of persons older than 17 in household (reduced size of household); household income; type of dwelling.
    • Details about household members: family relation to respondent; gender; age; marital status.
    • Details about children not living in the household: gender, age.
  11. Data on the interview (paradata): length of interview, date of interview; frequency of corrections of the interviewer; presence of other persons during interview (presence of spouse, partner, children, members of the family, other persons); interference of other persons in the course of the interview; reliability of information from respondent; reachability of respondent; details about respondent's residential building; ISSP participation. Data on the interviewer: gender, age, school education, identification of interviewer, experience as interviewer, number of attempts to contact respondent.
  12. Added value: Inglehart-Index; family typology, classification of households (according to Porst and Funk); International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968, 1988); occupational prestige (according to Treiman); SIOPS (according to Ganzeboom); ISEI (according to Ganzeboom); magnitude prestige (according to Wegener); occupational metaclassification (according to Terwey); class position (according to Goldthorpe); weights.

Total Population and Sample:

  • Universe sampled: Federal Republic of Germany
  • Sample of individuals: Two stage disproportionate random sample in western Germany (incl. West Berlin) and eastern Germany (incl. East Berlin) of all persons (German and non-German) who resided in private households and were born before 1 January 1982. In the first sample stage municipalities (Gemeinden) in western Germany and municipalities in eastern Germany were selected with a probability proportional to their number of adult residents; in the second sample stage individual persons were selected at random from the municipal registers of residents.
    Targeted individuals who did not have adequate knowledge of German to conduct the interview were treated as systematic unit non-responses.

Method of Data Collection:

  • Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (PAPI - Paper and Pencil Interviewing)

Primary Sampling Units / Sample-Points:

West:111Sample-Points (in 105 municipalities)
East:51Sample-Points (in 46 municipalities)

Response Rate:



  • Wasmer, Martina and Achim Koch 2002:
    Konzeption und Durchführung der PAPI-Methodenstudie zur "Allgemeinen Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften" (ALLBUS) 2000. ZUMA Methodenbericht 02/01.
  • Terwey, Michael 2013:
    Oversamples, Units of Analysis, and the Topic of Data Transformation, in: Michael Terwey and Horst Baumann: Variable Report ALLBUS / German General Social Survey Cumulation 1980-2010. Study-No. 4576. Cologne: GESIS, GESIS - Variable Reports; No. 2013/2: x – xvii.

The known literature using ALLBUS-Data is documented in the ALLBUS-Bibliography. This bibliography can be searched online at the GESIS web presence.

Further Notes:

  • Respondents from the area of the new federal states are oversampled.
  • In 2000, CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing) was used for the first time in the ALLBUS series. In addition to the main survey this equivalent PAPI-survey (Paper and Pencil Interviewing) was conducted as a methodological study, it contains both split versions of the main survey but not the ISSP self-completion questionnaires. In connection with ALLBUS 2000 CAPI (ZA No. 3451) ALLBUS 2000 PAPI can be used to contrast the results of the different interviewing methods (CAPI and PAPI). To facilitate such comparative analyses a cumulation of both datasets is also available from GESIS (ZA No. 3450).
  • A second version of this data set (275 variables) with a shortened demography module is additionally available as ALLBUScompact 2000 PAPI (ZA No. 3722).
  • A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for use in data citations can be found in the GESIS Data Catalogue.