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Allgemeine Bevölkerungs­umfrage
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ALLBUS 1980 (ZA No. 1000)


Data Collection Period:

  • January 1980 to February 1980

Primary Investigators:

  • M. Rainer Lepsius, University of Mannheim;
  • Erwin K. Scheuch, University of Cologne;
  • Rolf Ziegler, University of Munich;
  • ZUMA, Mannheim

Data Collector:

  • GETAS, Bremen


Social monitoring of trends in attitudes, behavior, and societal change in the Federal Republic of Germany. The main topics in 1980 are:

  1. Importance of life aspects and job characteristics
  2. Attitudes towards marriage, family, and partnership
  3. Attitudes towards and contacts with the administration
  4. Perception of social conflicts
  5. Attitudes towards and contacts with foreign guest-workers (Gastarbeiter)
  6. Political attitudes
  7. Other topics
  8. ALLBUS-Demography
  9. Data on the interview (paradata)
  10. Added value


  1. Importance of life aspects and job characteristics: family and children, work and occupation, free time and recreation, friends and acquaintances, kinship, religion and church, politics and public life; preferred job characteristics (security, income, responsibility, etc.).
  2. Attitudes towards marriage, family, and partnership: family as prerequisite for happiness; marriage in case of steady partnership; ideal number of children; importance of educational goals.
  3. Attitudes towards and contacts with the administration: detailed determination of contacts with the administration; personal experiences with the administration and assessment of treatment by the administration; attitudes towards privatization of public services, bureaucratization, and the welfare state.
  4. Perception of social conflicts: perceived strength of conflicts or contradictions (split) between social groups.
  5. Attitudes towards and contacts with foreign guest-workers (Gastarbeiter): scale of attitudes towards foreigners; contacts with foreign guest-workers within the family, at work, in the neighborhood, or among friends.
  6. Political attitudes: political interest; postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions); attitude towards the death penalty for terrorists; opinion on nuclear power; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); party-sympathy-scales for the CDU, SPD, CSU, FDP, NPD, DKP, and the Greens (Die Grünen); self-placement on a left-right continuum.
  7. Other topics: friends and acquaintances (ego-centered networks), including information on kinship, occupational position, party preference of and mutual familiarity between friends or acquaintances; attitudes towards abortion; self-assessment of social class; fair share in standard of living; parts of a scale on the influence of social desirability on respondents (SDS), fear of unemployment or loss of own business.
  8. ALLBUS-Demography:
    • Details about the respondent: gender; year of birth, age; place of residence (federal state, size of municipality, Boustedt-type of municipality, administrative district); religious denomination, frequency of church attendance; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); school education, vocational training, currently at school or university; employment status; details about current occupation: length of employment, affiliation to public service, industrial sector, size of workplace; length of unemployment; details about former occupation; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; desire for employment; principal source of livelihood; respondent's income; marital status; marital biography.
    • Details about respondent's current spouse: school education, vocational training; employment status; fear of unemployment or loss of business; length of unemployment; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; details about current and former occupation respectively; religious denomination.
    • Details about respondent's former spouse: school education, vocational training; details about current and former occupation respectively; religious denomination.
    • Details about respondent's parents: school education and occupation of father.
    • Description of household: size of household, number of persons older than 17 in household (reduced household size); household income; number of children; type of dwelling.
    • Details about household members: family relation to respondent; gender; year of birth, age; marital status; income; German citizenship.
    • Details about children not living in the household: age, year of birth and year of death of deceased children.
    • Respondent's current memberships (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund - DGB (German Confederation of Trade Unions), Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft - DAG (German Salaried Employees' Trade Union), Deutscher Beamtenbund - DBB (German Civil Service Federation), Deutscher Bauernverband (German Farmers Association), trade association, Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie - BDI (Federation of German Industries), other occupational association; choral society, sports club, leisure activity club, local citizens club or community club, other social association, association of German expellees or refugees, charitable association, religious/church organization, youth or student organization, political party, citizens' initiative, other club or association).
  9. Data on the interview (paradata): presence of additional persons and designation of these persons; interferences of these persons in the interview; willingness to cooperate and reliability of the respondent; length of interview, date of interview.
  10. Added value: International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968); occupational prestige (according to Treiman).

Total Population and Sample:

  • Universe sampled: Federal Republic of Germany (including West Berlin)
  • Household sample: Multi-stage random sample (ADM-Mastersample) of private households addressing all individuals with German citizenship who were at least 18 years of age by the day of the interview.

Method of Data Collection:

  • Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (PAPI - Paper and Pencil Interviewing)

Primary Sampling Units / Sample-Points:

  • 630 electoral districts (3 sample nets of 210 electoral districts each taken from the ADM-Mastersample)

Response Rate:

  • 69.5 %

Data Set:

Number of Respondents: 2,995
Number of Variables: 371


  • Brückner, Erika, Hans-Peter Kirschner, Rolf Porst, Peter Prüfer and Peter Schmidt 1981:
    Methodenbericht zum "ALLBUS 1980". ZUMA Arbeitsbericht 81/07.
  • Terwey, Michael 2013:
    Oversamples, Units of Analysis, and the Topic of Data Transformation, in: Michael Terwey and Horst Baumann: Variable Report ALLBUS / German General Social Survey Cumulation 1980-2010. Study-No. 4576. Cologne: GESIS, GESIS - Variable Reports; No. 2013/2: x – xvii.

The known literature using ALLBUS-Data is documented in the ALLBUS-Bibliography. This bibliography can be searched online at the GESIS web presence.

Further notes:

  • Generally, it is recommended to use the cumulated data file 1980-86 (ZA No. 1335) for analyses of ALLBUS 1980. This cumulated data file contains virtually all of the data from 1980. In addition, the data has been updated in numerous details for the cumulation and has been augmented by new, derived variables.
  • In addition to the regular file described here there is a supplementary file for methodological research. Apart from contact protocols for the interviews in the regular file, it contains information on interviewer characteristics and different interviewer attitudes towards topics measured in the survey. For instance, the party preference of the interviewer and the extent of the interviewer's activity for the contracting institute, GETAS, as well as for all other institutes, was determined. This file contains about 120 variables and should be used in connection with the main file.
  • A second version of this data set (147 variables) with a shortened demography module is additionally available as ALLBUScompact 1980 (ZA No. 3704).
  • Einen Digital Object Identifier (DOI) zur Zitation der Datensätze finden sie im GESIS Datenbestandskatalog.
  • A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for use in data citations can be found in the GESIS Data Catalogue.