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Allgemeine Bevölkerungs­umfrage
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ALLBUS 1982 (ZA No. 1160)


Data Collection Period:

  • February 1982 to May 1982

Primary Investigators:

  • M. Rainer Lepsius, University of Heidelberg;
  • Erwin K. Scheuch, University of Cologne;
  • Rolf Ziegler, University of Munich;
  • ZUMA, Mannheim

Data Collector:

  • GETAS, Bremen


Social monitoring of trends in attitudes, behavior, and societal change in the Federal Republic of Germany. The main topics in 1982 are:

  1. Importance of life aspects and job characteristics
  2. Attitudes towards marriage, family, and partnership
  3. Religion and world view
  4. Political attitudes
  5. Other topics
  6. ALLBUS-Demography
  7. Data on the interview (paradata)
  8. Added value


  1. Importance of life aspects and job characteristics: family and children, work and occupation, recreation and free time, friends and acquaintances, kinship, religion and church, politics and public life; preferred job characteristics (security, income, responsibility etc.).
  2. Attitudes towards marriage, family, and partnership: ideal number of children; importance of different educational goals; desired characteristics of children; the wife's role in the family.
  3. Religion and world view: respondent's and spouse's denomination; former denominational membership; frequency of attendance to mass and reception of communion; funeral by church; interest in Christian programs in the media; marriage in church; number of children and baptism of children; religious education of respondent; attitude towards charity; self-assessment of religiousness; belief in God or the existence of a higher being; attitude towards the meaning of life.
  4. Political attitudes: political interest; postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions); attitude towards government spending for defense and social tasks; self-placement on a left-right continuum; party affiliation and voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); acceptance of democratic norms; estimation of the situation of common people and the interest politicians take in their problems.
  5. Other topics: assessments of the present and future economic situation in Germany; assessment of present and future personal economic situation; fair share in standard of living; self-assessment of social class; perception of conflicts of interest between social groups in the FRG; attitude towards abortion; social pessimism and orientation towards the future (anomia); sense of security in the immediate vicinity and farther away (fear of crime).
  6. ALLBUS-Demography:
    • Details about the respondent: gender; month and year of birth, age; place of residence (federal state, size of municipality, Boustedt-type of municipality, administrative district); religious denomination, frequency of church attendance; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); school education, vocational training; employment status; details about current occupation: length of employment, industrial sector, supervisory functions, size of workplace; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; details about former occupation; length of unemployment; principal source of livelihood; respondent's income; marital status; marital biography.
    • Details about respondent's current spouse: general education, vocational training; employment status; details about current and former occupation respectively; length of unemployment; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; religious denomination.
    • Details about respondent's former spouse: school education, vocational training; details about current and former occupation respectively; religious denomination.
    • Details about respondent's parents: school education and occupation of father.
    • Description of household: size of household, number of persons older than 17 in household (reduced household size); number of children; German citizenship, household income; type of dwelling, telephone.
    • Details about household members: family relation to respondent; gender; year of birth, age; marital status; income.
    • Details about children not living in the household: age, year of birth and year of death of deceased children.
    • Respondent's current memberships (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund - DGB (German Confederation of Trade Unions), Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft - DAG (German Salaried Employees' Trade Union), Deutscher Beamtenbund - DBB (German Civil Service Federation), Deutscher Bauernverband (German Farmers Association), trade association, Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie - BDI (Federation of German Industries), other occupational association; choral society, sports club, leisure activity club, local citizens club or community club, other social association, association of German expellees or refugees, charitable association, religious/church organization, youth or student organization, political party, citizens' initiative, other club or association).
  7. Data on the interview (paradata): presence of additional persons at the interview and their relation to the respondent; interferences of other persons in the interview; respondent's willingness to cooperate; estimation of respondent's reliability; length of interview, date of interview; number of sample point; classification of community size; number of interviews per sample point; coder identification.
  8. Added value: International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968); occupational prestige (according to Treiman).

Total Population and Sample:

  • Universe sampled: Federal Republic of Germany (including West Berlin)
  • Household sample: Multi-stage random sample (ADM-Mastersample) of private households addressing all individuals with German citizenship who were at least 18 years of age by the day of the interview.

Method of Data Collection:

  • Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (PAPI - Paper and Pencil Interviewing)

Primary Sampling Units / Sample-Points:

  • 630 electoral districts (3 sample nets of 210 electoral districts each taken from the ADM-Mastersample)

Response Rate:

  • 69.7 %

Data Set:

Number of Respondents: 2,991
Number of Variables: 397


  • Hagstotz, Werner, Hans-Peter Kirschner, Rolf Porst and Peter Prüfer 1982:
    Methodenbericht zum "ALLBUS 1982". ZUMA Arbeitsbericht 82/21.
  • Terwey, Michael 2013:
    Oversamples, Units of Analysis, and the Topic of Data Transformation, in: Michael Terwey and Horst Baumann: Variable Report ALLBUS / German General Social Survey Cumulation 1980-2010. Study-No. 4576. Cologne: GESIS, GESIS - Variable Reports; No. 2013/2: x – xvii.

The known literature using ALLBUS-Data is documented in the ALLBUS-Bibliography. This bibliography can be searched online at the GESIS web presence.

Further Notes:

  • Generally, it is recommended to use the cumulated data file 1980-86 (ZA No. 1335) for analyses of ALLBUS 1982. This cumulated data file contains virtually all of the data from 1982. In addition, the data has been updated in numerous details for the cumulation and has been augmented by new, derived variables.
  • The survey was conducted using a split questionnaire. The "split variable" in the data set marks the groups of people who have answered the questionnaire in form A or B respectively. Both forms differ in the placement of questions on religious self-classification as well as in different formulations of questions on work orientation, on educational goals, and on a subjective classification into social classes.
  • Parts of the questionnaire are comparable to the U.S. "General Social Survey" (GSS) of the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) and Roper Center, in which questions on the area of religion and world views were posed, analogous to the Dutch study "Religiositeit en levensbeschouwing" (University of Nijmwegen 1979).
  • A second version of this data set (162 variables) with a shortened demography module is additionally available as ALLBUScompact 1982 (ZA No. 3706).
  • A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for use in data citations can be found in the GESIS Data Catalogue.