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Allgemeine Bevölkerungs­umfrage
der Sozial­wissenschaften

ALLBUS 1992 (ZA No. 2140)


Data Collection Period:

  • May 1992 to June 1992

Scientific Council:

  • Klaus Allerbeck, University of Frankfurt;
  • Jutta Allmendinger, University of Munich;
  • Walter Müller, University of Mannheim;
  • Karl Dieter Opp, University of Hamburg;
  • Franz Urban Pappi, University of Mannheim;
  • Erwin K. Scheuch, University of Cologne;
  • Rolf Ziegler, University of Munich

Data Collector:

  • Infratest (Munich) and Infratest Burke (Berlin)


Social monitoring of trends in attitudes, behavior, and societal change in the Federal Republic of Germany. The main topics in 1992 are:

  1. Attitudes towards politics and economy
  2. Attitudes towards migration and personal migration movements
  3. National pride
  4. Attitudes relating to the process of German unification
  5. Importance of life aspects and job characteristics
  6. Attitudes towards marriage, family, and partnership
  7. Questions on AIDS (HIV)
  8. Religion and world view
  9. Other topics
  10. ALLBUS-Demography
  11. Data on the interview (paradata)
  12. Social inequality II (ISSP 1992)
  13. Added value 


  1. Attitudes towards politics and economy: satisfaction with democracy in the Federal Republic; opinion on performance of the German political system (political support); satisfaction with the achievements of the federal and state governments; eligibility to vote, participation in the past federal election; recall of vote in last federal election; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); political interest; postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions); political participation; self-placement on a left-right continuum; assessments of the present and future economic situation in Germany and in one's own federal state; assessment of personal present and future economic situation.
  2. Attitudes towards migration and personal migration movements: attitude towards the influx of eastern European ethnic Germans, asylum seekers, labor from EC or non-EC countries; citizenship; birth in East or West Germany; year of moving between eastern and western Germany; status as immigrant or ethnic German; emigration to another EC country conceivable; length of residence in present state and at present location.
  3. National pride: pride in German institutions and German achievements; pride in being a German.
  4. Attitudes relating to the process of German unification: unification is advantageous, for East and West respectively; the future in the East depends on the willingness of eastern Germans to make an effort; attitude towards demand for increased willingness to make sacrifices in the West and more patience in the East; strangeness of citizens in the other part of Germany; pressures to work harder in the East; attitudes towards the Stasi-past of individuals; evaluation of socialism as an idea.
  5. Importance of life aspects and job characteristics: family and children, work and occupation, free time and recreation, friends and acquaintances, kinship, religion and church, politics and public life, neighborhood; preferred job characteristics (security, income, responsibility, etc.).
  6. Attitudes towards marriage, family, and partnership: attitude towards family and marriage; attitude towards employment of women and mothers; desired characteristics of children; educational goals; attitude towards abortion.
  7. Questions on AIDS (HIV): knowledge about the disease AIDS; sources of information on AIDS; attitude towards higher health insurance fees for AIDS-infected people; attitude towards firing infected employees and towards entry refusal for AIDS-infected foreigners; attitude towards a central registration requirement; fear of personal infection and protective measures taken; AIDS-infected people in one's circle of friends.
  8. Religion and world view: the meaning of life, cosmology, and the belief in Christian God; funeral by church; self-assessment of religiousness; present and former denominational membership of respondent and spouse; baptism of children.
  9. Other topics: interpersonal trust and trust in politicians; social pessimism and orientation towards the future (anomia); sense of security in the immediate vicinity and farther away (fear of crime); opinions on the personal and general burden through environmental pollution; perceived conflicts in the Federal Republic; fear of unemployment or loss of own business.
  10. ALLBUS-Demography:
    • Details about the respondent: gender; month and year of birth, age; geographical origin and citizenship; migration to East or West Germany, interest in migrating to East or West Germany or to another EC country; place of residence (federal state, administrative district, size of municipality, Boustedt-type of municipality) and length of residence; religious denomination, frequency of church attendance; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage), recall of past vote; school education, vocational training; employment status; details about current occupation, length of employment, industrial sector, affiliation to public service, supervisory functions, working hours per week; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; details about former occupation; length of unemployment; respondent's income; marital status.
    • Details about respondent's current spouse: cohabitation before marriage; age; school education, vocational training; employment status; details about current and former occupation respectively; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; religious denomination; church marriage.
    • Details about respondent's former spouse: age; details about current occupation; religious denomination; church marriage.
    • Details about respondent's steady partner: common household; month and year of birth, age; school education, vocational training; employment status; details about current and former occupation respectively; religious denomination.
    • Details about respondent's parents: school education of father and mother; father's occupation.
    • Description of household: size of household; number of persons older than 17 in household (reduced size of household); household income; number of children; type of dwelling, telephone.
    • Details about household members: family relation to respondent; gender; month and year of birth, age; marital status.
    • Respondent's current memberships: Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund - DGB (German Confederation of Trade Unions), Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft - DAG (German Salaried Employees' Trade Union), Christlicher Gewerkschaftsbund - CGB (Christian Federation of Trade Unions), Union Leitender Angestellter - ULA (Association of Executive Staff), Deutscher Beamtenbund - DBB (German Civil Service Federation), Deutscher Bauernverband (German Farmers Association), retail or trade association, Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie - BDI (Federation of German Industries), association of a liberal profession, other occupational association; choral society, sports club, leisure activity club, local citizens or community club, other social association, association of German expellees or refugees, charitable association, religious/church organization, youth or student organization, political party (plus former membership), citizens' initiative, other club or association).
  11. Data on the interview (paradata): presence of respondent in the last four days prior to personal interview; length of interview; beginning and end of interview.
  12. Social inequality II (ISSP): fair share in standard of living; perceived prerequisites for success in society; attitude towards the welfare state and towards social differences; self-classification on a top-bottom-scale; estimation of average earnings in occupational groups and estimation of appropriate earnings.
  13. Added value: Inglehart-Index; family typology, classification of private households (according to Porst and Funk); International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968, 1988); occupational prestige (according to Treiman); magnitude prestige (according to Wegener); occupational metaclassification (according to Pappi and Terwey), class position (according to Goldthorpe); weights.

Total Population and Sample:

  • Universe sampled: Federal Republic of Germany
  • Household sample: Multi-stage random sample (ADM-Mastersample) of private households in the new and old states addressing all individuals (German and non-German) who were at least 18 years of age by the day of the interview. The basis for selection in western Germany was the ADM-Master-Design as modified by Infratest and in eastern Germany the Infratest Mastersample East, each with subsequent random route. The disproportionate sampling approach was set up such that the West-East relation of usable interviews was about 2:1.
    Targeted individuals who did not have adequate knowledge of German to conduct the interview were treated as systematic unit non-responses.

Method of Data Collection:

  • Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (PAPI - Paper and Pencil Interviewing)
  • additional self-completion questionnaire (drop off) for ISSP

Primary Sampling Units / Sample-Points:

West: 504 electoral districts (multi-stage random sample based on the 3500 electoral districts from the ADM-Mastersample available to Infratest)
East: 297 Sample-Points (from the Infratest mastersample of municipalities)

Response Rate:

West: 51.9%
East: 54.7%

Data Set:

Number of Respondents: 3,548
Number of Variables: 555


  • Braun, Michael, Carmen Eilinghoff, Siegfried Gabler and Michael Wiedenbeck 1993:
    Methodenbericht zur "Allgemeinen Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften" (ALLBUS) 1992. ZUMA Arbeitsbericht 93/01.
  • Terwey, Michael 2013:
    Oversamples, Units of Analysis, and the Topic of Data Transformation, in: Michael Terwey and Horst Baumann: Variable Report ALLBUS / German General Social Survey Cumulation 1980-2010. Study-No. 4576. Cologne: GESIS, GESIS - Variable Reports; No. 2013/2: x – xvii.

The known literature using ALLBUS-Data is documented in the ALLBUS-Bibliography. This bibliography can be searched online at the GESIS web presence.

Further Notes:

  • A second version of this data set (268 variables) with a shortened demography module is additionally available as ALLBUScompact 1992 (ZA No. 3716).
  • A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for use in data citations can be found in the GESIS Data Catalogue.