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Allgemeine Bevölkerungs­umfrage
der Sozial­wissenschaften

ALLBUS 2002 (ZA No. 3700, German version; ZA No. 3702, English version)

Data Set
German / English

Questionnaire (PDF)
German / Englisch

Methodological Report
(PDF - German only)

Variable Report
(PDF - German only)

Data Collection Period:

  • February 2002 to August 2002

Data Collector:

  • INFAS, Bonn

Data Set:

  • 2820 respondents
  • 723 variables

Scientific Council:

  • Hans-Jürgen Andreß, University of Bielefeld;
  • Wilhelm Bürklin, University of Potsdam;
  • Andreas Diekmann, University of Bern;
  • Hubert Feger, Free University of Berlin;
  • Johannes Huinink, University of Bremen;
  • Heiner Meulemann, University of Cologne;
  • Heike Solga, Max Planck Institute for Human Development



Social monitoring of trends in attitudes, behavior, and societal change in the Federal Republic of Germany. The main topics in 2002 are:

  1. Attitudes towards marriage, family, and partnership
  2. Personal and collective values
  3. Attitudes towards politics and economy
  4. Attitudes towards and contacts with foreigners living in Germany
  5. Religion and world view
  6. Other topics
  7. ALLBUS-Demography
  8. Data on the interview (paradata)
  9. Social relations and support systems (ISSP)
  10. Family and changing gender roles (ISSP)
  11. Added value


  1. Attitudes towards marriage, family, and partnership: family as prerequisite for happiness; marriage in case of steady partnership or if child was born.
  2. Personal and collective values: basic personal goals (law and order, standard of living, power and influence, fantasy and creativity, security, help marginalized social groups, ability to assert oneself, satisfaction of personal needs, industry and ambition, tolerance, political engagement, hedonism, faith in God, occupational achievement, self-realization); values of an ideal society (industry and achievement, take responsibility for fellow men; conformity, being self-assured and critical, laissez-faire, security and prosperity, political participation, self-realization, religiousness).
  3. Attitudes towards politics and economy: political participation; party inclination; confidence in public institutions and organizations (public health service, federal constitutional court, federal parliament (Bundestag), churches, judiciary, television, newspapers, universities, federal government, the police, political parties); likelihood of voting for different political parties; political interest; postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions); self-placement on a left-right continuum; political support (satisfaction with democracy in Germany); assessment of the present and future economic situation in Germany; assessment of present and future personal economic situation.
  4. Attitudes towards and contacts with foreigners living in Germany: citizenships; scale of attitudes towards foreigners; contacts with foreigners living in Germany within the family, at work, in the neighborhood, or among friends.
  5. Religion and world view: the meaning of life, cosmology, and the belief in Christian God; funeral by church; self-assessment of religiousness; frequency of meditation; attitude towards religiousness; religious indifference; thinking about metaphysical questions; experience with and attitude towards different forms of belief, parabelief and superstition; religion vs. science; religious tolerance; belief in God; support for the teaching of Islam in public schools; attitude towards person with different faiths marrying into the family; religious doctrines; personal religious revival; sins and sinning; marriage in church; frequency of church attendance; present and former denominational membership; affiliation to a non-Christian religion; frequency of praying; reception of Christian sacraments; interest in Christian programs in the media; baptism; denominational membership and frequency of church attendance of children and respondent's partner; denominational membership and frequency of church attendance of parents; religiousness of parents.
  6. Other topics: self-assessment of social class; fair share in standard of living; interpersonal trust and trust in politicians; social pessimism and orientation towards the future (anomia); opinion on various deviant acts with reference to their reprehensibility; national pride; authoritarianism; volunteering; experience with and attitude towards survey research.
  7. ALLBUS-Demography:
    • Details about the respondent: gender, month and year of birth, age; school education, vocational training, employment status, details about current occupation, affiliation to public service, supervisory functions, working hours per week, length of unemployment, details about former occupation, date of termination of full- or part-time employment; marital status, divorces; geographical origin and personal mobility, length of residence, citizenships; respondent's income; membership in a political party or trade union; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage), recall of past vote; place of residence (federal state, administrative district, size of municipality; BIK-type of region).
    • Details about respondent's current spouse: age, school education, vocational training, employment status, details about current occupation, status of non-employment.
    • Details about respondent's steady partner: age, school education, vocational training, employment status, details about current occupation, status of non-employment.
    • Details about respondent's parents: school education, university education, religious denomination, frequency of church attendance, religiousness, details about father's occupation.
    • Description of household: size of household, number of persons older than 17 in household (reduced size of household), household income, type of dwelling.
    • Details about household members: family relation to respondent, gender, age, marital status, baptism, religious denomination, frequency of church attendance.
    • Details about children not living in the household: gender, age, baptism, religious denomination, frequency of church attendance.
  8. Data on the interview (paradata): length of interview; date of interview; frequency of corrections of the interviewer; presence of other persons during interview (presence of spouse, partner, children, members of the family, other persons); interference of other persons in the course of the interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; reliability of information from respondent; influence of the incentive on willingness to participate; willingness to participate in panel; reachability of respondent; details about respondent's residential building; participation in additional ISSP-survey.
    Data on the interviewer: gender, age, school education, identification of interviewer, experience as interviewer.
  9. Social relations and support systems (ISSP): frequency of personal contacts (visits, meetings) and non-personal contacts (by telephone, mail, fax or e-mail) with parents, siblings and own children; commuting time for visits to mother; number of contacts with relatives.
    Number of close friends at work, in the neighborhood, and in other areas apart from these; gender of best friend; frequency of personal and non-personal contacts with this best friend; important traits of close friends; politics as conversational topic with friends.
    Involvement in activities of different groups and organizations (political party, trade union, church, club, neighborhood group and others); first and second contact for help with shopping etc. when ill, with financial problems, or when depressed; help given personally (with shopping, financial problems, when s.o. is depressed, or is looking for work); how respondent first heard about current job; opinions on the obligation or commitment to help; opinion on the state's responsibility to provide childcare facilities and to secure citizen's standard of living; assessment of personal happiness; feeling of overextension; interpersonal trust; length of residence; influence on local issues and on politics in general; self-assessment of social class; number of underage children.
  10. Family and changing gender roles (ISSP): attitude towards employment of mothers and married women; role distribution of man and woman in occupation and household; preferred extent of employment for women during different stages of child raising; attitudes towards marriage, single-parenting, cohabitation before marriage, and divorce; views on the significance of children in life; views on paid maternal leave and on financial aid for working parents; management of income in marriage or partnership; allocation of duties in the household and in family matters; principal earner; stress caused by family, work, household duties; assessment of personal happiness; satisfaction with employment situation and family life; employment of mother during childhood of respondent; gainful employment in various phases of child raising; self-classification on a top-bottom-scale; partner affiliated to public service; working hours per week of partner.
  11. Added value: Inglehart-Index; family typology, classification of households (according to Porst and Funk); International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968, 1988); occupational prestige (according to Treiman); SIOPS (according to Ganzeboom); ISEI (according to Ganzeboom); magnitude prestige (according to Wegener); occupational metaclassification (according to Terwey); class position (according to Goldthorpe); weights.


Total Population and Sample:

  • Universe sampled: Federal Republic of Germany
  • Sample of individuals: Two stage disproportionate random sample in western Germany (incl. West Berlin) and eastern Germany (incl. East Berlin) from all persons (German and non-German) who resided in private households and were born before 1 January 1984. In the first sample stage municipalities (Gemeinden) in western Germany and municipalities in eastern Germany were selected with a probability proportional to their number of adult residents; in the second sample stage individual persons were selected at random from the municipal registers of residents.
    Targeted individuals who did not have adequate knowledge of German to conduct the interview were treated as systematic unit non-responses.


Method of Data Collection:

  • Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (CAPI - Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing>
  • additional self-completion questionnaire (drop off) for ISSP (two split-versions).


Primary Sampling Units / Sample-Points:

West:111Sample-Points (in 105 municipalities)
East:51Sample-Points (in 46 municipalities)


Response Rate:




  • Blohm, Michael, Sabine Klein and Evi Scholz 2003:
    Konzeption und Durchführung der "Allgemeinen Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften" (ALLBUS) 2002. ZUMA Methodenbericht 03/12.
  • Terwey, Michael 2013:
    Oversamples, Units of Analysis, and the Topic of Data Transformation, in: Michael Terwey and Horst Baumann: Variable Report ALLBUS / German General Social Survey Cumulation 1980-2010. Study-No. 4576. Cologne: GESIS, GESIS - Variable Reports; No. 2013/2: x – xvii.

The known literature using ALLBUS-Data is documented in the ALLBUS-Bibliography. This bibliography can be searched online at the GESIS web presence.


Further Notes:

  • Respondents from the area of the new federal states are oversampled.
  • A second version of this data set (362 variables) with a shortened demography module is additionally available as ALLBUScompact 2002 (ZA No. 3701).
  • GESIS also provides an English language version of ALLBUS 2002 (ALLBUS/GGSS 2002, ZA No. 3702; ALLBUS/GGSScompact 2002, ZA No. 3703 (363 variables)).
  • A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for use in data citations can be found in the GESIS Data Catalogue.