GESIS Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences: Go to homepage
Allgemeine Bevölkerungs­umfrage
der Sozial­wissenschaften

ALLBUS 2014 (Study-No. 5240, German version; Study-No. 5242, English version)

Data Set
German / English

Questionnaire (PDF):
German / English

(PDF - German only)

Variable Report
(PDF - German only)

Data Collection Period:

  • March 2014 to September 2014

Data Collection:

  • TNS Infratest, Munich

Data Set:

  • 3471 respondents
  • 861 variables

Scientific Council:

  • Andreas Diekmann, ETH Zurich
  • Detlef Fetchenhauer, University of Cologne
  • Frauke Kreuter, University of Munich
  • Karin Kurz, University of Göttingen
  • Stefan Liebig, University of Bielefeld
  • Michael Wagner, University of Cologne
  • Bettina Westle, University of Marburg


Social monitoring of trends in attitudes, behavior, and societal change in the Federal Republic of Germany.
The main topics in 2014 are:

Reading books; listening to music; using the internet; online chats and social networks; playing computer games; relaxing, being lazy; walking or hiking; yoga, meditation; going to Restaurants etc.; visiting friends; visiting relatives; playing games; making music; doing other artistic activities; do it yourself; active sport; attending sports events; going to the cinema, to pop concerts, jazz or dance events; classic culture (opera, classical concerts, theater); visiting museums or exhibitions; attending public festivals or fairs; private music lessons; private lessons in other artistic skills; membership status of respondent in various clubs and organizations (cultural or arts associations, sports clubs, leisure activity clubs, charitable associations, pacifist or human rights organizations, environmental or animal welfare groups, health groups, parents organizations, senior citizens associations, citizens’ initiatives); membership in informal groups; musical preferences: folk music (German or other cultures), German pop music (‘Schlager’) , pop or what is in the charts, rock, heavy metal, electronic music (house, techno etc.), hip hop / soul / reggae, classical music, opera, musicals, jazz; preferred television genres: variety or quiz shows, sports, movies, news broadcasts, political magazines, art and culture programs, crime fiction, family and entertainment programs.

Self-assessment of social class; fair share in standard of living; attitudes towards the welfare state and social inequality; assessment of access to education; perceived prerequisites for success in society; attitudes towards social differences and conditions for success; evaluation of personal social security; stance on extension or reduction in social services; attitudes towards different ideas of social justice.

Family as a prerequisite for happiness; marriage in case of steady partnership or if child was born; desire to have children.

Interpersonal trust; political interest; postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions); self-placement on left-right continuum; political support (satisfaction with democracy in Germany).

Overall health; physical and psychological shape during the last four weeks; health problems impact on everyday life; chronic illnesses; been sick in the last four weeks; reason for and frequency of seeing a doctor in the last three months; time spent in hospital during the last 12 months; officially recognized disability level; smoking habits; height and weight; consumption of various foodstuffs and beverages; affectedness by unhealthy working conditions; mobbing; impact of noise and air pollution on living conditions.

Assessment of the present and future economic situation in Germany; assessment of present and future personal economic situation; overall life satisfaction.

Details about the respondent: month and year of birth, age, gender, place of residence (federal state, administrative district, size of municipality, BIK-type of region), self-description of place of residence, overall health, school education, vocational training, university degree, employment status, details about current and former occupation respectively, affiliation to public service, supervisory functions, working hours per week (primary and secondary job), fixed-term or permanent employment contract, size of workplace, fear of unemployment, status of non-employment, length of unemployment, occupational position compared to father and to mother, date of termination of full- or part-time employment, details about first occupation, marital status, citizenship (nationality), number of citizenships, geographical origin, length of residence and mobility, lived with parents when child, respondent's income, number of books in own home and in childhood home, parents‘ attendance of cultural events, religious denomination, frequency of church attendance, membership in a political party or trade union, electoral participation, voting intention (Sonntagsfrage).

Description of household: size of household, number of persons older than 17 in household (reduced size of household), household income, types of income in household, principal source of income, real estate assets, other assets, number of books in household, type of dwelling, size of dwelling place, cat or dog in the household.

Details about household members: family relation to respondent, gender, age, marital status; type of school currently attended by children, children's school education, children's university degree.

Details about children not living in the household: gender, age, type of school currently attended, school education, university degree.

Details about respondent's current spouse: age, school education, vocational training, university degree, employment status, details about current occupation, status of non-employment.

Details about respondent's steady partner: age, school education, vocational training, university degree, employment status, details about current occupation, status of non-employment, common household.

Details about children not living in the household: number of children not living in the household, gender, age, school education, university degree.

Details about respondent's parents: country of origin, school education, vocational training, details about parents' occupation.

Date of interview; beginning and end of interview; length of interview; presence of third persons (spouse, partner, children, other family, other person) during interview; interference of other persons in the course of the interview; willingness to cooperate and reliability of information from respondent; respondent followed interview on screen; details about respondent's residential building and assessment of respondent's neighborhood; number of attempts to contact the respondent; participation in other surveys during preceding 12 months; willingness to participate in further survey.
Details about the interviewer: gender, age, school education of interviewer; identification number, length of experience as an interviewer.

Identification with own place of residence, the federal state, Germany and Europe; criteria for being German; attitudes toward Germany; reasons for being proud of Germany; relative importance of national interest and international cooperation; attitudes towards immigrants; assimilation or multicultural society; perceived pros and cons of migration; support for more or for less migration; perceived consequences of patriotism.
Ethnic self-identification; years of education in school and university (not including vocational training); employment status; supervisory functions; type of employer; employment status of partner; self-assessment of social class (top-bottom scale); electoral participation; recall of vote in last federal election; self-assessment of attractiveness.

Qualities of a good citizen; freedom of assembly for religious fanatics, revolutionaries and ethnocentrists; political participation; media use for political information; social integration and membership in groups or organizations; relative importance of various civil rights; political alienation; level of political awareness; subjective assessment of political influence (political efficacy); political interest; self-assessment on a left-right-continuum; interpersonal trust and trust in politicians; frequency of discussing politics; political parties and participation of citizens in political life; assessment of the electoral process; assessment of commitment to serve the people and corruption in public service; working of democracy at the moment, 10 years ago, in 10 years.
Ethnic self-identification; years of education in school and university (not including vocational training); employment status; supervisory functions; type of employer; employment status of partner; self-assessment of social class (top-bottom scale); electoral participation; recall of vote in last federal election; self-assessment of attractiveness.

Inglehart-Index; Body-Mass-Index; International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) 1988 and 2008; Standard International Occupational Prestige Scale (SIOPS, according to Ganzeboom), International Socio-economic Index of Occupational Status (ISEI, according to Ganzeboom); occupational metaclassification (according to Terwey); International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 1997 and 2011; per capita income; equivalised income (OECD-modified scale); family typology, classification of private households (according to Porst and Funk); transformation weight for analyses on household level; east-west design weight.


  • Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (CAPI – Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing)
  • Two additional self-completion questionnaires (CASI – Computer Assisted Self-Interviewing) for ISSP (split questionnaire design)
  • Universe sampled: Federal Republic of  Germany
  • Person sample: Two stage disproportionate random sample in western Germany (incl. West Berlin) and eastern Germany (incl. East Berlin) from all persons (German and non-German) who resided in private households and were born before 1 January 1996. In the first sample stage municipalities (Gemeinden) in western Germany and municipalities in eastern Germany were selected with a probability proportional to their number of adult residents; in the second sample stage individual persons were selected at random from the municipal registers of residents.
    Targeted individuals who did not have adequate knowledge of German to conduct the interview were treated as systematic unit non-responses.

Primary Sampling Units:

West:111 Sample Points (in 103 municipalities) 
East:51 Sample Points (in 45 municipalities)  
Total:162 Sample points (in 148 municipalities)

Response Rate:



Further Notes:

  • Respondents from the area of the new federal states are oversampled.
  • A second version of this data set (518 variables) with a shortened demography module is additionally available as ALLBUScompact 2014 (ZA5241, German version; ZA5243, English version).
  • A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for use in data citations is supplied as part of the data set.