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Allgemeine Bevölkerungs­umfrage
der Sozial­wissenschaften

ALLBUS 2016 - Supplementary Data Set Open Question 'Foreigners' (Study-No. ZA5254)

Data Set:

Questionnaire (PDF):

(PDF - German only)

Variable Report:
(PDF - German only)

Data Collection Period:

  • April 2016 to September 2016

Data Collection:

  • TNS Infratest, Munich

Data Set:

  • 3490 respondents
  • 64 variables

Scientific Council:

  • Stefan Bauernschuster, University of Passau;
  • Andreas Diekmann, ETH Zurich;
  • Andreas Hadjar, University of Luxemburg;
  • Karin Kurz, University of Göttingen;
  • Ulrich Rosar, University of Düsseldorf;
  • Ulrich Wagner, University of Marburg;
  • Bettina Westle, University of Marburg


This data set contains data in connection with an open question fielded as part of ALLBUS 2016 that could not be included in the regular scientific use file. In this question, respondents were asked which groups they associated with the the phrase ´foreigners living in Germany´ (´in Deutschland lebende Ausländer´). The question was only surveyed with respondents who were German citizens. This data set documents the full responses for all respondents as well as a categorization of all discrete answer parts according to a specially developed coding scheme (comp. Wasmer, Kwasniok and Kialunda (2018)). Additionally, this data set contains some basic identification variables, demographic characteristics and weights. 

  1. Id-variables dataset: study-number, doi, Version 
  2. Id-variables respondent: respondent Id 
  3. Sociodemographic basics: age, gender, German citizenship, interview in east or west Germay 
  4. Answers to open question: complete response, response 1 to 17 (complete response split into discrete parts), numeric code for response 1 to 17, coding of response 1 to 17 to geographic regions 
  5. Weights: east-west design weight, transformation weight for analyses on household Level

Total population and Sample:

  • Geographic Coverage: Federal Republic of  Germany
  • Person sample:
    • Universe Sampled: All persons (German and non-German) who resided in private households and were born before 1 January 1998.
    • Selection Method: Two stage disproportionate random sample in western Germany (incl. West Berlin) and eastern Germany (incl. East Berlin). In the first sample stage municipalities (Gemeinden) in western Germany and municipalities in eastern Germany were selected with a probability proportional to their number of adult residents; in the second sample stage individual persons were selected at random from the municipal registers of residents.
      Targeted individuals who did not have adequate knowledge of German to conduct the interview were treated as systematic unit non-responses.

Method of Data Collection:

  • Personal, oral interview with standardized questionnaire (CAPI – Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing)
  • Two additional self-completion questionnaires (CASI – Computer Assisted Self-Interviewing) for ISSP (split questionnaire design)

Primary Sampling Units:

West:111 Sample Points (in 104 municipalities) 
East:51 Sample Points (in 45 municipalities)  
Total:162 Sample points (in 149 municipalities)

Response Rate:



Further Notes:

  • Respondents from the area of the new federal states are oversampled. Weighting variables to correct this oversample are included in this data set.
  • A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for use in data citations is supplied as part of the data set.