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ALLBUS 1980-86 (ZA No. 1335)


Data Collection Periods:

  • 1980: January 1980 to February 1980
  • 1982: February 1982 to May 1982
  • 1984: March 1984 to June 1984
  • 1986: March 1986 to May 1986

Scientific Council:

  • M. Rainer Lepsius, University of Heidelberg;
  • Karl Ulrich Mayer, Max Planck Institute for Educational Research, Berlin;
  • Walter Müller, University of Mannheim;
  • Franz Urban Pappi, University of Mannheim;
  • Erwin K. Scheuch, University of Cologne;
  • Rolf Ziegler, University of Munich

Data Collectors:

  • GETAS, Bremen (1980-84)
  • INFRATEST, Munich (1986)


These surveys were designed to monitor trends in attitudes, behavior, and societal change in the Federal Republic of Germany.

The dataset contains, with only few exceptions, the full contents of the three single datasets which are archived as ZA Nos. 1000 (ALLBUS 1980), 1160 (ALLBUS 1982) and 1340 (ALLBUS 1984), and parts of ZA Study No. 1500 (ALLBUS 1986). Those variables from ALLBUS 1986 which had already been part of at least one earlier ALLBUS survey were included in this cumulative file.
Topics of these ALLBUS surveys were:

ALLBUS 1980: Importance of life aspects and job characteristics; attitude towards and contacts with foreign guest-workers (Gastarbeiter); educational goals; data on friends; assessment of social conflicts in the Federal Republic; contacts with administration as well as attitudes towards administration, family, and the welfare state.
ALLBUS 1982: Importance of life aspects and job characteristics; educational goals; desired characteristics of children; role of women in the family; attitudes towards abortion; assessment of the economic situation and of social conflicts in the Federal Republic; religious attitudes and participation in church life.
ALLBUS 1984: Questions on occupational biography; relevance of personal characteristics to social advancement; assessment of welfare state and social inequality; attitudes towards and contacts with foreign guest-workers (Gastarbeiter); confidence in public institutions and organizations; perception of environmental pollution.
ALLBUS 1986: Importance of life aspects; attitudes towards abortion; assessment of economic situations.

For a more detailed description of the questions compare the individual study descriptions.

  • ALLBUS-Demography:
    • Details about the respondent: gender; age; place of residence (federal state, size of municipality, Boustedt-type of municipality, administrative region); religious denomination, frequency of church attendance; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); currently at school or university, general education, vocational training; employment status; details about current occupation, industrial sector, supervisory functions, working hours per week, size of workplace; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; details about first occupation; details about former occupation; length of unemployment; desire for work; principal source of livelihood; respondent's income; telephone; marital status; marital biography.
    • Details about respondent's current and former spouse.
    • Details about respondent's parents: general education of parents; father's occupation.
    • Composition of household: size of household; household income; type of dwelling, telephone.
    • Details about household members: relation to respondent; gender; month and year of birth, age; marital status; income, German citizenship.
    • Respondent's current membership in various unions or trade associations, political parties, religious organizations, citizens' initiatives, and other societies or clubs.
  • Added value: Inglehart-index; International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968), occupational prestige (according to Treiman), magnitude prestige (according to Wegener), occupational meta-classification (according to Pappi); weights.

Total Population and Sample:

  • Universe sampled: Federal Republic of Germany (including West Berlin)
  • Household sample: Multi-stage random sample (ADM-Mastersample) of private households addressing all individuals with German citizenship who were at least 18 years of age by the day of the interview.

Method of Data Collection:

  • Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (PAPI - Paper and Pencil Interviewing)

Primary Sampling Units / Sample-Points:

  • Compare study profiles of individual ALLBUS studies.

Response Rate:

  • Compare study profiles of individual ALLBUS studies.

Data Set:

Number of Respondents: 12,045
Number of Variables: 659


The known literature using ALLBUS-Data is documented in the ALLBUS-Bibliography. This bibliography can be searched online at the GESIS web presence.

Further Notes:

  • The cumulated data set is constructed such that it is relatively easy to analyze identical questions across time. The data has been worked over in numerous details for the cumulation and has been augmented by new, derived variables. Users wishing to use ALLBUS individual surveys 1980, 1982 or 1984 should consider using the cumulation 1980-86 for this purpose.
  • A second version of this data set (363 variables) with a shortened demography module is additionally available as ALLBUScompact 1980-86 (ZA No. 3707).
  • A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for use in data citations can be found in the GESIS Data Catalogue.