Center of Excellence Women and Science

Dr. Andrea Löther

Dauerbeobachtung der Gesellschaft
Center of Excellence Women and Science
Stellvertretende Teamleiterin

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Gender Bias In Science And Research

Video Material On How To Reduce Gender Bias

Gain insight into various materials and measures explaining bias and how to tackle it. If the videos are not embedded directly on our site, you can access the respective pages via the links. In addition to introductory materials, which contribute to a general understanding of (gender) bias and focus on the topic of bias in scientific areas, specific materials for sensitization as well as for recruitment and search processes are available. Additional materials for members of search committees and executives can be found on the page approaches to reducing gender bias.

Introduction

The following videos are to be understood as introductions to the topic “Bias in science and research”: They provide an overview of what bias is, how it is researched and which specific questions in the scientific field need to be addressed in order to identify and reduce bias. The length of the videos varies from a few minutes to one-hour lectures.

 

The Royal Society has published the informative animated video Understanding unconscious bias, which introduces the key concepts of unconscious bias.

An accompanying briefing with basic information and action points is available here. [2:59 min]

The interactive video Unconscious Bias and Why It Matters For Women and Tech of the National Center for Women Information Technology invites you to answer questions and participate in experiments. It provides further materials such as presentation slides and statistics on women in information technology. [approx. 3 min]

The research network WEPAN Women in Engineering ProActive Network provides two videos and a webinar explaining Unintended Bias in Engineering Education. As an introduction, they are also suitable for those interested outside of engineering education.

The website of the Office of Equity, Diversity and Inclusion of UCLA University of California provides numerous videos to introduce the subject of implicit bias. The videos include animations and short presentations to show basic studies and strategies for bias reduction. The following links lead to the individual pages of the three- to five-minute-long videos:

 

Preface: Biases and Heuristics

 

 

Lesson 2: Attitudes and Stereotypes

 

 

Lesson 4: Explicit v. Implicit Bias

 

 

Lesson 6: Countermeasures

This video is also suitable for training managers on bias reduction measures in recruitment and appointment procedures.

Lesson 1: Schemas

 

 

Lesson 3: Real World Consequences

 

 

Lesson 5: The IAT

 

 

Hidden Injustice: Bias on the Bench

In addition, countless lectures by experts and interviews with scientists on the subject of gender bias are now available. A selection can be found under the following links:

 

Dr. Julia Sperling, neuroscientist and partner at McKinsey & Company, explains in Unconscious Bias and Ingrained Beliefs how bias is created and can be influenced. She also addresses the aspects of female leadership positions and the mini-me effect. [5:59 min]

In the lecture Immaculate perception, Jerry Kang, Vice Chancellor for Equity, Diversity and Inclusion at UCLA University of California, shows the connection between automatic perception patterns and explicit and implicit bias. The presentation slides and selected research examples illustrate methods of bias research. [13:58 min]

In the interview Implicit Bias in Science with the research institute Berkeley Lab,Caroline Simard introduces and summarizes key study results on bias in science. [16:22 min]

The lecture compilation titled Creating a Level Playing Field in the context of the Online Feminism Conference of the Michelle. R. Clayman Institute for Gender Research at Stanford University presents fundamental aspects of gender bias and individual counter-strategies of interviewees. [25:04 min]

The workshop video Managing unconscious bias from Facebook Learning & Development is also available in individual video modules. It contains short lectures on different types of bias and shows counter-strategies in the working context, which should lead to a more successful cooperation. The slides and literature references used in the lectures can be downloaded. [1:05:16 hrs]

At the Annual General Meeting 2012 of the LCLD Leadership Council on Legal Diversity, Jerry Kang presents bias in an organizational context as well as among female lawyers. He bases his talk on classic studies. The talk is available in short video clips. In Nice Ladies, Kang discusses gender bias in performance evaluations of women and men. In Emily vs. Lakisha, Kang shows bias towards applicants based on their name. Kang’s study results on bias against White and Asian lawyers are presented in Are Ideal Litigators White?.

Sensitization/visualization

Visualization and sensitization by scientists and persons belonging to Black and ethnic minority groups are strategies for the recognition and reduction of (gender) bias. The following materials show forms of sensitization and visualization:

A collection of two-minute-long videos from the Gender Equity Project at Hunter College of the City University of New York asks women scientists questions about their professional experiences.

 

In the context of the ADVANCE program for women in the natural and engineering sciences of the National Science Foundation (NSF), Dr. Pamela McCauley Bush gives a lecture in The Key to Success in STEM: Diversity and Leadership (how to deal with bias) on counter-strategies regarding bias against (Black) women in science. [52:35 min]

Based on the voting behavior in the U.S. elections for Clinton and Trump, the panel How Did Clinton Lose? How Do Women Win?, including the bias researchers Rudman and Moss-Racusin, discusses gender bias, sexism and leadership positions based on current research results on gender bias. The panel was organized by the Roosevelt House of the City University of New York. [1:29:34 hrs]

Personnel recruitment

In the context of personnel recruitment at universities, bias is proven in performance evaluations and in interviews. Institutes and initiatives have published numerous videos to identify and reduce this risk (see also the page approaches to reducing gender bias, which also lists manuals and checklists). They can be accessed under the following links:

 

In the animated film Eviter les biais de genre lors de nominations professorales (French; English subtitles), the Bureau de l’égalité of L’Université de Lausanne shows where gender bias is present in the recruitment process and how it can be avoided. [04:15 min]

In the video Recruitment Bias in Research Institutes of the Institució CERCA (Catalan Research Centres Institute) individual intervention possibilities are presented by means of a role play in order to disclose and reduce bias in the search process. [07:59 min]

The role play Interrupting Bias in the Faculty Search Process at the University of Washington lists possible interventions in bias situations in the search process. In the video, the four members of a search committee debate candidate qualifications for an open position. In order to view the short film for free, you need to fill out a request form. Different forms of bias like cloning (i.e. replicating oneself by hiring someone with similar attributes or background) or negative/positive stereotypes are explained in the corresponding handout. [06:04 min]

The videos can be viewed in full screen mode. To do so, start the video and then click on the full screen icon in the lower right corner of the video player.