Wahlstudien

Studies on federal state elections (Landtagswahlen)

The available studies on the German ferderal state elections go back as far as 1962. These studies were conducted for the most part as representative surveys in the run-up to elections of the Landtage, the Bürgerschaft of Bremen and Hamburg or the Berliner Abgeordnetenhaus. All available studies are sorted by federal state below. A click on the study number takes you to the Data catalogue where you can browse and download the datasets and related documents. More recent electoral studies can also be found under the respective federal states.

The Data catalogue allows for study descriptions to be browsed by subject and methodology (the webpage might take a moment to load).

  • New data on German State Elections published: Bavaria 2018 (ZA7566), Hesse 2018 (ZA7567)

Baden-Wuerttemberg

ZA0519 State Election in Baden-Wuerttemberg 1968 (Preliminary Investigation, September 1967)

ZA0520 State Election in Baden-Wuerttemberg 1968 (Preliminary Investigation, March 1968)

ZA0327 State Election in Baden-Wuerttemberg 1968 (Follow-Up)

ZA1223 Politics in Baden-Wuerttemberg (1980)

ZA2311 State Election in Baden-Wuerttemberg 1980

ZA1372 State Election in Baden-Wuerttemberg 1984

ZA1657 Politics in Baden-Wuerttemberg (January 1988)

ZA1656 State Election in Baden-Wuerttemberg 1988

ZA2301 State Election in Baden-Wuerttemberg 1992

ZA2913 State Election in Baden-Wuerttemberg 1996

ZA3381 State Election in Baden-Wuerttemberg 2001

ZA4399 State Election in Baden-Wuerttemberg 2006

ZA4398 On the Political Situation in Baden-Wuerttemberg in March 2006

ZA5625 State Election in Baden-Wuerttemberg 2011

ZA5328 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Baden-Wuerttemberg 2011 (GLES 2009)

ZA5741 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Baden-Wuerttemberg 2016 (GLES)

ZA6907 State Election in Baden-Wuerttemberg 2016

Bavaria

ZA0472 State Election in Bavaria 1966 (Preliminary Investigation)

ZA0871 State Election in Bavaria 1974 (Preliminary Investigation)

ZA1247 State Election in Bavaria 1982

ZA1551 State Election in Bavaria 1986

ZA1963 State Election in Bavaria 1990

ZA1947 The State Parliament Election in Bavaria 1990 (Follow-Up Survey)

ZA2506 State Election in Bavaria 1994

ZA3167 State Election in Bavaria 1998

ZA3954 On the Political Situation in Bavaria in September 2003

ZA3955 State Election in Bavaria 2003

ZA4869 On the Political Situation in Bavaria in September 2008

ZA4870 State Election in Bavaria 2008

ZA5935 State Election in Bavaria 2013

ZA5736 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Bavaria 2013 (GLES)

ZA7566 State Election in Bavaria 2018

Berlin

ZA3481 Political Attitudes in Berlin (Accumulated Dataset: November 1960 - January 1963)

ZA3480 Political Attitudes in Berlin (January 1963)

ZA2312 Election to the House of Representatives in Berlin 1979

ZA2313 Election to the House of Representatives in Berlin 1981

ZA1465 Election for the House of Representatives in Berlin 1985

ZA1766 Election for the House of Representatives in Berlin 1989

ZA1966 State Parliament Elections in the New States 1990

ZA2649 Election to the House of Representatives in Berlin 1995

ZA3894 Berlin City Parliament Election 1999

ZA3862 Berlin City Parliament Election 2001

ZA3869 On the Political Situation in Berlin in Ocotber 2001

ZA4405 State Parliament Election in Berlin 2006

ZA4404 On the Political Situation in Berlin in September 2006

ZA5629 State Election in Berlin 2011

ZA5329 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Berlin 2011 (GLES 2009)

ZA6911 State Election in Berlin 2016

Brandenburg

ZA1966 State Parliament Elections in the New States 1990

ZA2507 State Election in Brandenburg 1994

ZA3895 State Election in Brandenburg 1999

ZA3992 State Election in Brandenburg 2004

ZA4067 On the Political Situation in Brandenburg in September 2004

ZA5383 State Election in Brandenburg 2009

ZA5382 On the Political Situation in Brandenburg in September 2009

ZA6592 State Election in Brandenburg 2014

ZA5739 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Brandenburg 2014 (GLES)

Bremen

ZA2314 State Election in Bremen 1979

ZA1370 State Election in Bremen 1983

ZA1655 State Election in Bremen 1987

ZA2119 State Election in Bremen 1991

ZA2581 State Election in Bremen 1995

ZA3169 State Election in Bremen 1999

ZA3953 State Election in Bremen 2003

ZA4745 State Election in Bremen 2007

ZA5627 State Election in Bremen 2011

ZA5326 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Bremen 2011 (GLES 2009)

ZA6699 State Election in Bremen 2015

 

 

Hamburg

ZA2315 State Election in Hamburg 1978

ZA1248 State Election in Hamburg June 1982

ZA1249 State Election in Hamburg December 1982

ZA1552 State Election in Hamburg 1986

ZA1653 State Election in Hamburg 1987

ZA2118 State Election in Hamburg 1991

ZA2398 State Election in Hamburg 1993

ZA3030 State Election in Hamburg 1997

ZA3863 State Election in Hamburg 2001

ZA3868 On the Political Situation in Hamburg in September 2001

ZA3990 State Election in Hamburg 2004

ZA4100 On the Political Situation in Hamburg in February 2004

ZA4868 Metropolitan Council Election in Hamburg 2008

ZA4867 On the Political Situation in Hamburg in February 2008

ZA5623 State Election in Hamburg 2011

ZA5331 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Hamburg 2011 (GLES 2009)

ZA6698 State Election in Hamburg 2015

Hesse

ZA0063 State Election in Hesse 1962 (Preliminary Investigation)

ZA0514 State Election in Hesse 1970 (Follow-Up Survey)

ZA1246 State Election in Hesse 1982

ZA1371 State Election in Hesse 1983

ZA1517 On the Political Situation in Hesse in April 1986

ZA1651 State Election in Hesse 1987

ZA1661 On the Political Situation in Hesse in February 1987

ZA2115 State Election in Hesse 1991 (Before Start of the Gulf War)

ZA2116 State Election in Hesse 1991 (After Start of the Gulf War)

ZA2582 State Election in Hesse 1995

ZA3120 State Election in Hesse 1999

ZA3866 State Election in Hesse 2003

ZA3872 On the Political Situation in Hesse in January 2003

ZA4865 On the Political Situation in Hesse in January 2008

ZA4866 State Election in Hesse 2008

ZA5371 On the Political Situation in Hesse 2009

ZA5372 State Election in Hesse 2009

ZA5936 State Election in Hesse 2013

ZA5737 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Hesse 2013 (GLES)

ZA7567 State Election in Hesse 2018

Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania

ZA1966 State Parliament Elections in the New States 1990

ZA2508 State Election in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 1994

ZA3168 State Election in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 1998

ZA3864 State Election in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 2002

ZA3870 On the Political Situation in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in August 2002

ZA4511 State Election in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 2006

ZA4510 On the Political Situation in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in September 2006

ZA5628 State Election in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 2011

ZA5330 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 2011 (GLES 2009)

ZA6910 State Election in Mecklenburg-Wester Pomerania 2016

Lower Saxony

ZA0703 State Election in Lower Saxony 1970 (Preliminary Investigation)

ZA2316 State Election in Lower Saxony 1978

ZA1245 State Election in Lower Saxony 1982

ZA1519 State Election in Lower Saxony 1986

ZA1934 State Election in Lower Saxony 1990

ZA2509 State Election in Lower Saxony 1994

ZA2986 State Election in Lower Saxony 1998 (Pre-Election Survey)

ZA2987 State Election in Lower Saxony 1998 (Election Day Survey)

ZA3031 State Election in Lower Saxony 1998

ZA3867 State Election in Lower Saxony 2003

ZA3871 On the Political Situation in Lower Saxony in January 2003

ZA4864 State Election in Lower Saxony 2008

ZA4863 On the Political Situation in Lower Saxony in January 2008

ZA5934 State Election in Lower Saxony 2013

ZA5735 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Lower Saxony 2013 (GLES)

ZA6952 State Election in Lower Saxony 2017

North Rhine-Westphalia

ZA0013 Starting Situation on the State Parliament Election in North Rhine-Westphalia 1962

ZA0062 Cologne Election Study (State Parliament Election in North Rhine-Westphalia 1962, Preliminary  Investigation)

ZA0561 State Election in North Rhine-Westphalia 1966 (Preliminary Investigation, March 1966)

ZA0562 State Election in North Rhine-Westphalia 1966 (Preliminary Investigation, June 1966)

ZA0702 State Election in North Rhine-Westphalia 1970 (Preliminary Investigation)

ZA1467 State Election in North Rhine-Westphalia 1985 (April 1985)

ZA1468 State Election in North Rhine-Westphalia 1985 (May 1985)

ZA1933 State Election in North Rhine-Westphalia 1990

ZA2583 State Election in North Rhine-Westphalia 1995

ZA3436 State Election in North Rhine-Westphalia 2000

ZA4396 State Election in North Rhine-Westphalia 2005

ZA4395 On the Political Situation in North Rhine-Westphalia in May 2005

ZA5622 State Election in North Rhine-Westphalia 2010

ZA5324 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election North Rhine-Westphalia 2010 (GLES 2009)

ZA5644 State Election in North Rhine-Westphalia 2012

ZA5333 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election North Rhine-Westphalia 2012 (GLES)

ZA6820 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election North Rhine-Westphalia 2017 (GLES)

ZA6950 State Election in North Rhine-Westphalia

Rhineland-Palatinate

ZA0563 State Election in Rhineland-Palatinate 1967 (Preliminary Investigation)

ZA1172 Politics in Rhineland-Palatinate (November 1978)

ZA1173 Politics in Rhineland-Palatinate (February 1979)

ZA2317 State Election in Rhineland-Palatinate 1979

ZA1250 State Election in Rhineland-Palatinate 1983

ZA1652 State Election in Rhineland-Palatinate 1987

ZA1660 On the Political Situation in Rhineland-Palatinate in March 1987

ZA2117 State Election in Rhineland-Palatinate 1991

ZA2914 State Election in Rhineland-Palatinate 1996

ZA3382 State Election in Rhineland-Palatinate 2001

ZA4401 State Election in Rhineland-Palatinate 2006

ZA4400 On the Political Situation in Rhineland-Palatinate in March 2006

ZA5626 State Election in Rhineland-Palatinate 2011

ZA5327 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Rhineland-Palatinate 2011 (GLES 2009)

ZA5743 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Rhineland-Palatinate 2016 (GLES)

ZA6908 State Election in Rhineland-Palatinate 2016

Saarland

ZA0865 Saarland Election Investigation 1975 (Panel: Preliminary Investigation, May 1973)

ZA0866 Saarland Election Investigation 1975 (Panel: Preliminary Investigation, March 1974)

ZA0867 Saarland Election Investigation 1975 (Panel: Preliminary Investigation, October 1974)

ZA0869 Politics in the Saarland (February 1975)

ZA0870 Politics in the Saarland (April 1975)

ZA2318 State Election in the Saarland 1980

ZA1466 State Election in the Saarland 1985

ZA1932 State Election in the Saarland 1990

ZA2510 State Election in the Saarland 1994

ZA3896 State Election in the Saarland 1999

ZA3993 State Election in the Saarland 2004

ZA4068 To the Political Situation in the Saarland in August 2004

ZA5379 State Election in the Saarland 2009

ZA5378 On the Political Situation in the Saarland in August 2009

ZA5642 State Election in the Saarland 2012

ZA6948 State Election in Saarland 2017

Saxony

ZA1966 State Parliament Elections in the New States 1990

ZA2511 State Election in Saxony 1994

ZA3897 State Election in Saxony 1999

ZA3994 State Election in Saxony 2004

ZA4069 On the Political Situation in Saxony in September 2004

ZA5377 State Election in Saxony 2009

ZA5376 On the Political Situation in Saxony August 2009

ZA6591 State Election in Saxony 2014

ZA5738 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Saxony 2014 (GLES)

Saxony-Anhalt

ZA1966 State Parliament Elections in the New States 1990

ZA2512 State Election in Saxony-Anhalt 1994

ZA3032 State Election in Saxony-Anhalt 1998

ZA3865 State Election in Saxony-Anhalt 2002

ZA4403 State Election in Saxony-Anhalt 2006

ZA4402 On the Political Situation in Saxony-Anhalt in March 2006

ZA5624 State Election in Saxony-Anhalt 2011

ZA5325 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Saxony-Anhalt 2011 (GLES 2009)

ZA5742 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Saxony-Anhalt 2016 (GLES)

ZA6909 State Election in Saxony-Anhalt 2016

Schleswig-Holstein

ZA2319 State Election in Schleswig-Holstein 1979

ZA1251 State Election in Schleswig-Holstein 1983

ZA1654 State Election in Schleswig-Holstein 1987

ZA1659 On the Political Situation in Schleswig-Holstein in June 1987

ZA1697 State Election in Schleswig-Holstein 1988

ZA2302 State Election in Schleswig-Holstein 1992

ZA2915 State Election in Schleswig-Holstein 1996

ZA3435 State Election in Schleswig-Holstein 2000

ZA4394 State Election in Schleswig-Holstein 2005

ZA4393 On the Political Situation in Schleswig-Holstein in February 2005

ZA5381 State Election in Schleswig-Holstein 2009

ZA5380 On the Policital Situation in Schleswig-Holstein in September 2009

ZA5643 State Election in Schleswig-Holstein 2012

ZA5332 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Schleswig-Holstein 2012 (GLES)

ZA6819 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Schleswig-Holstein 2017 (GLES)

ZA6949 State Election in Schleswig-Holstein 2017

Thuringia

ZA1966 State Parliament Elections in the New States 1990

ZA2513 State Election in Thuringia 1994

ZA3898 State Election in Thuringia 1999

ZA3991 State Election in Thuringia 2004

ZA3998 On the Political Situation in Thuringia in June 2004

ZA5375 State Election in Thuringia 2009

ZA5374 On the Political Situation in Thuringia in August 2009

ZA6593 State Election in Thuringia 2014

ZA5740 Long-term-Online-Tracking of State Election Thuringia 2014 (GLES)

DFG project "The impact of federal politics on federal state elections"

The DFG project “The impact of Federal Politics on federal state elections” (research project application: Gabriel/Holtmann/Jagodzinski 2003) was realised in joint cooperation by the Institute of Social Science (SOWI I) at the University of Stuttgart, the Institute of Political Science and Japanology of the University of Halle, and GESIS - Data Archive for the Social Sciences from 2004 to 2007.

  • The holdings of studies on federal state elections (Landtagswahlen), which are available in processed form at GESIS Data Archive and Data Analysis were complemented by studies from the 1960s and the 1970s and by more recent surveys. The data were integrated into a cumulative data set (1962-2004) and documented according to DDI/XMI standards at study and variable level (GESIS/University of Stuttgart)
  • The data integration process was supported by the CodebookExplorer. This database system is an important information source for the integrated studies, the surveys’ subjects, and the questions used in them, making the process of data integration more transparent (GESIS/University of Stuttgart).
  • Two additional data sets have been developed at the University of Halle to reconstruct the contexts surrounding the Länder elections. They comprise (1) data on political events and federal state and federal political opinions and (2) official results of federal and federal state elections as well as economic and social structure data.
  • Some early research findings were introduced at a conference held at the Bundestag on November 9-10, 2006, and published in the Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen (ZParl, 3, 2007) as well as in a collected edition (Nomos, 2008).

The "Integrated data set federal state election studies 1962-2004" is available online via the Data Catalogue.

Publication on the holding of federal state elections

  • Zeitschrift für  Parlamentsfragen, 2007, 38. Jahrgang, Heft 3
  • Völkl, Kerstin/Schnapp, Kai-Uwe/Holtmann, Everhard/Gabriel, Oscar W. (Hrsg.): Wähler und Landtagswahlen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2008
  • Völkl, Kerstin 2008: Reine Landtagswahlen oder regionale Bundestagswahlen? Eine Untersuchung der Bedeutung des relativen Gewichts bundes- und landespolitischer Faktoren auf das Abstimmungsverhalten bei Landtagswahlen. Stuttgart: Dissertationsschrift.

Bibliographic citation of research data from federal state election studies

Examples - Ref.: Recommendation on citation of research data:

  • Integrated Data file: 
    Scheuch, Erwin K.; Wildenmann, Rudolf; Baumert, Gerhard; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter; Kaase, Max; Adrian, Wolfgang; Berger, Manfred; INFRATEST, München; FORSA, Berlin (2006): Landtagswahlen - Integrierter Datensatz 1964-2004. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA4182 Data file Version 1.0.0,doi:10.4232/1.4182
  • Datafile of a single study: 
    Berger, Manfred; Gibowski, Wolfgang G.; Roth, Dieter; Schulte, Wolfgang; Zimmer, Gerlinde (1992): State Parliament Election in Baden-Wuerttemberg 1980 . GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2311 Data file Version 1.0.0, doi:10.4232/1.2311

 

Citation of event data and macro data 1960 – 2004 on the DVD Landtagswahlen 1962 bis 2004

  • Event table: Kai-Uwe Schnapp (2008): Ereignistabelle, auf DVD Landtagswahlen 1962 bis 2004, V2.0 (Ereignis_v20.xls). GESIS Cologne, Germany.
  • Event database: Kai-Uwe Schnapp (2008): Ereignisdatenbank, auf DVD Landtagswahlen 1962 bis 2004, V2.0 (Ereignissdaten_v20.mdb). GESIS Cologne, Germany.
  • Macro data database: Kai-Uwe Schnapp (2008): Makrodatenbank - Wahldaten und sozioökonomische Daten zu den politischen Kreisen eines Bundeslandes, auf DVD Landtagswahlen 1962 bis 2004, V2.0 (MakrodatenKreise_v20.mdb). GESIS Cologne, Germany.