GESIS Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences: Go to homepage

Eurobarometer Data Service

Attitudes towards change in society

On this card (SHOW CARD) are three basic kinds of attitudes vis-a-vis the society we live in. Please choose the one which best describes your own opinion. (ONE ANSWER ONLY)

  1. The entire way our society is organized must be radically changed by revolutionary action
  2. Our society must be gradually improved by reforms
  3. Our society must be valiantly defended against subversive forces


Eurobarometer 71.3 ff.

Which of the following statements best describes your opinion on how to change our society?

  1. Important changes in our society have to be achieved little by little, even if this approach takes longer
  2. One can only obtain important changes in society by acting quickly, even if this means sometimes being radical
  3. We do not need to change our societe (SPONTANEOUS) 
ZA Study Number Eurobarometer Fieldwork Month Fieldwork Year Question Number Variable Name (1)
0990 6 11 1976 Q.121 V21
0991 7 4-5 1977 Q.117 V13
0992 8 10-11 1977 Q.117 V14
0993 9 5-6 1978 Q.117 V14
0994 10 10-11 1978 Q.116 V13
1036 11 4 1979 Q.156 V66
1037 12 10 1979 Q.117 V14
1038 13 4 1980 Q.137 V33
1039 14 10-11 1980 Q.126 V20
1206 15 4 1981 Q.123 V11
1207 16 10-11 1981 Q.236 V51
1208 17 3-4 1982 Q.164 V105
1209 18 10 1982 Q.236 V37
1318 19 3-4 1983 Q.332 V213
1319 20 10 1983 Q.361 V434
1320 21 3-4 1984 Q.364 V167
1321 22 10-11 1984 Q.256 V161
1541 23 3-4 1985 Q.256 V140
1542 24 10-11 1985 Q.247 V57
1543 25 3-4 1986 Q.352 V271
1544 26 10-11 1986 Q.351 V191
1712 27 4 1987 Q.457 V363
1713 28 10-11 1987 Q.358 V460
1714 29 3-4 1988 Q.358 V417
1715 30 10-11 1988 Q.477 V676
1750 31 3-4 1989 Q.476 V474
1752 32 10-11 1989 Q.8 V18
1753 33 3-4 1990 Q.7 V18
1960 34.0 10-11 1990 Q.15 V73
1961 34.1 10-11 1990 Q.6 V22
1962 34.2 10-11 1990 Q.7 V28
4973 71.3 6-7 2009 QC4  
5596 76.4 12 2011 QA18  
5686 78.2 11-12 2012 QA17  
6925 88.1 9-10 2017 QC10  

 (1) Please note that the variable names refer to the final ICPSR/ZA codebook editions, if available.