Eurobarometer Data Service

Eurobarometer 44.1     November-December 1995     ZA No.  2690

Education and Training Throughout Life and the Common European Currency

Special Topics:

  • EU-citizens' expectation for 1996
  • Attitudes towards the Single European Currency
  • Informedness on the European Union, attitudes and expectations towards European policies and the European Parliament (including fundamental EU objectives)
  • Consumer behavior with respect to food products and labeling
  • Attitudes and perceptions concerning the "Third World" and aid to development
  • Attitudes towards education and training throughout life and children's education at school
  • Attitudes towards other EU countries (trustworthy ...)
  • The image of Italy in Europe

Documents and Data:


  • Questions on attitudes towards the "Single European Currency" (Q.3 and Q.9 to Q.21) are repeated from Eurobarometer 44.0 and should be analyzed in combination.
  • Questions on "education and training throughout life" and "children’s education at school" (Q.92 to Q.118) are repeated from Eurobarometer 44.0, but are only asked to respondents aged 15-24 years. Meaningful results are obtained for the total population on the 44.0 data; for the target group of young people and specific needs of this questionnaire topic, one should combine the 44.1 youth subsample with the corresponding 44.0 data.
  • The parallel survey conducted in NORWAY is not part of the official Eurobarometer 44.1.
  • Current archive dataset version / update: v1.0.1 (2012)
  • Errata


  • European Commission: EUROBAROMETER 44. Public Opinion in the European Community. Brussels, Spring 1996.

  • pdf  INRA (Europe) pour la Commission Européenne, Direction Générale VI.BI.4: Les labels de qualité. Bruxelles, mars 1996.

  • pdf  INRA (Europe) for the European Commission, DG VIII: The Way Europeans perceive developing Countries in 1995. Brussels, 20th March 1996 (also available in French)

  • European Commission: Europeans and their Attitudes to Education and Training. 1997.

  • pdf  European Commission: European Citizens and the EURO, Brussels, 1996 (Results of two EU-wide opinion polls carried out 15 Oct-15 Dec and 16 Dec-20 Dec on behalf of the European Commission Survey Research Unit "Eurobarometer Opinion Polls". 22-24 January 1996. Round table on the Euro. Executive summary. Press release.) (also available in French and German)



Sample size

Fieldwork datesField-Questionnaires pdf
France100013 Nov 95 - 04 Dec 95FR
Belgium101313 Nov 95 - 08 Dec 95


Netherlands102013 Nov 95 - 14 Dec 95NL
Germany (West)109512 Nov 95 - 30 Nov 95DE_W
Italy102816 Nov 95 - 30 Dec 95IT
Luxembourg77011 Nov 95 - 14 Dec 95LU_LU / LU_FR
Denmark100018 Nov 95 - 12 Dec 95DK
Ireland100015 Nov 95 - 14 Dec 95IE
Great Britain107011 Nov 95 - 08 Dec 95GB
Northern Ireland31118 Nov 95 - 05 Dec 95GB_NI
Greece100816 Nov 95 - 04 Dec 95GR
Spain100017 Nov 95 - 04 Dec 95ES
Portugal93620 Nov 95 - 13 Dec 95PT
Germany (East)101912 Nov 95 - 30 Nov 95DE_E
Norway95215 Nov 95 - 15 Jan 96NO
Finland105011 Nov 95 - 11 Dec 95FI_FI / FI_SE
Sweden99018 Nov 95 - 19 Dec 95SE
Austria103613 Nov 95 - 01 Dec 95AT
Questionnaire Copyright and Acknowledgements


Starting with Eurobarometer 34 and up to survey 61, NUTS 1 level data (REGION II) for the NETHERLANDS are not (re-)coded
in accordance with the official EUROSTAT nomenclature of territorial unit statistics. The NUTS 2 level province ZEELAND should be
coded as belonging to NUTS 1 region (landsdel) WEST instead of SOUTH Netherlands. (ZA editions will be corrected from EB 53 onwards, November 11, 2005)

© GESIS Meinhard Moschner