Survey Guidelines

Dr. Dorothée Behr

Survey Design and Methodology
Cross-cultural Surveys

+49 (621) 1246-586
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Prof. Dr. Michael Braun

Survey Design and Methodology
Cross-cultural Surveys

+49 (621) 1246-585
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Measurement Instruments – International

This contribution deals with measurement instruments – that is, questionnaires and individual items – employed in international survey research. By international surveys we mean cross-national comparative studies whose concept, implementation, and organisation are shaped by the comparability requirement.

We begin by focussing on general aspects of the comparability of international surveys. In the case of problems that occur in all surveys – for example sampling-related problems and nonresponse – we refer the reader to the corresponding thematic contributions in the Survey Guidelines and to the literature. We make a distinction between ensuring the comparability of measurement instruments ex-ante and ex-post – that is, before or after the actual survey is, or has been, conducted. Comparability is established ex ante by means of pretests, for example; it is established ex post within the framework of the data analysis or additional studies. We focus in particular on question translation.

English-language version (130 kB)

Version 2.0; doi: 10.15465/gesis-sg_en_006

German-language version (298 kB)

Version 1.1; doi: 10.15465/gesis-sg_006

Earlier version: Version 1.0; doi: 10.15465/sdm-sg_006

Citation

Behr, D., Braun, M., & Dorer, B. (2016). Measurement instruments in international surveys. GESIS Survey Guidelines. Mannheim, Germany: GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences. doi: 10.15465/gesis-sg_en_006