Survey Guidelines

ZIS - Open Access Repository for Social and Behavioral Science Measurement Instruments

In ZIS (German: Zusammenstellung sozialwissenschaftlicher Items und Skalen) more than 260 empirically tested measurement instruments (as of spring 2020) by researchers in the social sciences and measurement instruments developed by GESIS staff are published in ZIS. For example, measurement of political attitudes and personality are documented. The instruments, their development, their quality criteria, and information on their theoretical background are documented. As a user, you can search for, and retrieve, the instruments online. As an author, you can publish your instruments in ZIS. All documented instruments are freely accessible and may be used for research purposes. ZIS is a cost-free GESIS offering.

  • Use the extensive search function to conduct a targeted search for specific topics or authors, or for instruments with a certain number of items.

  • Save the documentation and the corresponding response sheet to your computer or tablet as a PDF file.
  • Compare your data with the data documented in ZIS. Reference data from other samples are available for all instruments. For selected instruments, data can be retrieved from the GESIS Data Archive.
  • Cite the scales in your publication. All data documented in ZIS are registered with the data registration agency da|ra and have their own DOIs (digital object identifier).
  • You can switch between a German-language and an English-language user interface. Most of the instruments are documented in German..

You can find detailed information about ZIS at