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Study: CIS 2006

Titles

Title Community Innovation Survey 2006

Abstract

Coverage

Geographical Coverage

Time Period Covered

Notes

-

References

-

Country Specific Information: CIS 2006

  • CZ - Czech Republic

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Survey of Innovation

    Producer

    Czech Statistical Office

    Universe

    Reporting units were economic subjects (enterprises) that according to their prevailing activity belong to the following NACE rev.1:

    10-14 Mining and quarrying - C

    Manufacturing (15-37) - D
    15-16 Food, beverages and tobacco - DA
    17-19 Textile and leather - DB+DC
    20-22 Wood, pulp and printing - DD+DE
    23-24 Coke and chemicals - DF+DG
    25-26 Rubber and other non-metallic - DH+DI
    27-28 Basic and fabricated metals - DJ
    29 Machinery and equipment - DK
    30-33 Electrical and optical equipment - DL
    34-35 Transport equipment NEC - DM
    36-37 Manufacturing NEC and recycling - DN

    Electricity, gas and water supply (40-41) - E
    Construction (45) - F
    Services (50-52, 55, 60-67, 70-74) - G to K
    50 Retail, repairs of motor vehicles, retail sale of fuel
    51 Wholesale trade (excluding vehicles)
    52 Retail excluding vehicles, repairs of products for self consumption and mainly for households
    55 Accommodation and food services activities
    60-64 Transport, storage and communication
    65-67 Financial intermediation
    70 Real estate activities
    71 Rental of machinery and equipment
    72 Computer and related activities
    73 Research and development
    74 Other business activities

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 8475
    Achieved Sample Size 6807 (dataset)

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    Czech Business Register

    Sampling Design

    • stratified sampling
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    metadata not available

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2004-2006

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    metadata not available

    Notes

    -

    References

  • PT - Portugal

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Community Innovation Survey 2006

    Producer

    Portuguese National Statistics Office (INE)

    Universe

    NACE 45, 52, 55, 73, and 74.1 to 74.8 (including 74.2 and 74.3, which are core).

    Deviations: 1) NACE 24.4, 30, 32, 33, 35.3, 64, 72, 73, 74.2 and 74.3 - enterprises with 5 employees or more were considered; 2) NACE 45 and 52 - only enterprises with 50 employees or more were considered; 3) NACE 55 - only enterprises with 250 employees or more were considered.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 6373
    Achieved Sample Size 4721

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    The official, up-to-date, statistical business register of the country was used.

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    Data was collected using a combination of methods: census operation in the case of large enterprises (i.e., with ≥ 250 employees) and a sample survey for the other strata.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2004-2006

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Web survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    For the sample weights we used the inverse of the sampling fraction (using the number of enterprises). Eurostat SAS routines were fully used for final data correction and validation.

    Notes

    Final data transmitted to Eurostat only refers to enterprises with 10 or more employee.

    References

    CIS 2006 Quality Report for Portugal (version 29 February 2008).

    /n

    CIS 2006 synthesis Quality Reports.

  • BG - Bulgaria

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    The statistical survey on innovation activity

    Producer

    National Statistical Institute

    Universe

    All enterprises with 10 employees or more.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size no information
    Achieved Sample Size 14986

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    metadata not available

    Sampling Design

    • complete census

    Sampling Method

    Complete census.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2004-2006

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Web survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    No weighting was necessary, as it was a complete census.

    Notes

    -

    References

  • CY - Cyprus

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Innovation Survey 2006-2008

    Producer

    Statistical Service of Cyprus (CYSTAT)

    Universe

    Enterprises with 10 or more employees. The population of the survey numbered 1.232 enterprises, active in one of the following branches of
    economic activity (in brackets, the NACE Rev. 1.1 code):

    Industry
    - Mining and quarrying (section C)
    - Manufacturing (section D)
    - Electricity, gas and water supply (section E)

    Services
    - Wholesale trade and commission trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles (division 51)
    - Transport, storage and communication (section I)
    - Financial intermediation (section J)
    - Computer and related activities (division 72)
    - Research and development (division 73)
    - Architectural and engineering activities (group 74.2)
    - Technical testing and analysis (group 74.3)

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 1232
    Achieved Sample Size 1040

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    metadata not available

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    metadata not available

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2004-2006

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Face to face interviewing

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    The inverse of the sampling fraction was used as weight.

    Notes

    -

    References

  • LV - Latvia

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Research and Innovation

    Producer

    Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

    Universe

    All enterprises (including those under 10 employees), in accordance with section 2 of the annex of the Commission Regulation No 1450/2004 on innovation statistics. The target population includes also NACE 01,02,05, 45 -50, 52-55, 70-71, 73, 74.1, 74.4-74.8, 75-93.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 1185
    Achieved Sample Size 1155

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    The sample was drawn from the frame population that was up-to-date in November 2006.

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    The sample design is a stratified simple random sample. Enterprises were stratified using four indicators: number of employees (4 size classes); NACE group (53 groups); region (2 regions: city Riga or others); activity-in-innovation identification in innovation and R&D in 2005. Number of strata is 343. Number of samples is 1.
    All big statistical units (employees>249 in size groups 4 and 5) are included in the sample. Statistical units with activity-in-innovation identification (information from survey of R&D and innovation in 2005)-all included in the sample.
    Other statistical units are included using stratified simple random sampling method. Sampling sizes mh in strata h with population Nh are determined by Neyman optimal allocation. If activity-in -innovation identification then mh=Nh.

    Enterprises with 250 and more employees were 100% included in the sample. Enterprises which have had innovation in the three-year period from 2002 to 2004 or R&D in the year 2005, were 100% included in the sample.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2004-2006

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Used the inverse of the sampling fraction as the weights Nh / nh, where Nh is the population in stratum h and nh is the number of enterprises in the realised sample in stratum h, assuming that each unit in the stratum had the same inclusion probability. This will automatically adjust the sample weights of the respondents to compensate for unit non-response. If the size group is 4 or 5 (number of employees 249+ ), then always weights=1 in the sample and in the realised sample.

    Software used:
    SUDAAN7.5.2, SPSS11.5.1, EXCEL 2000.

    Notes

    -

    References

    CIS 2006 Quality Report for Latvia.

    /n

    CIS 2006 synthesis Quality Reports

  • LT - Lithuania

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Statistical survey on innovation activity in enterprises

    Producer

    Statistics Lithuania

    Universe

    All forms of ownership with 10 and more employees, engaging in activities falling within NACE Rev. 2 sections A–M.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size no information
    Achieved Sample Size 2299

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    Statistical Register of Economic Entities (Statistical Business Register)

    Sampling Design

    • stratified sampling
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    Stratified sampling design is used, when a simple random sample of enterprises is selected from each stratum, independently from other strata. The sample is comprised of 20–25% of respondents selected from the enterprises that had been engaged in any activity de facto.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2004-2006

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    metadata not available

    Notes

    -

    References

    CIS 2006-2010 Lithuania methodology.

  • ES - Spain

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Technological Innovation Survey

    Producer

    Instituto Nacional de Estadistica (Spanish Statistical Office)

    Universe

    All industrial, construction and service companies with at least ten paid employees, whose main economic activity corresponds to the following activity groups of the NCEA-93 Rev.1:
    − Agriculture, livestock, game, forestry and fishing 05)
    − Extractive Industries (10 to 14)
    − Manufacturing Industries (15 to 37)
    − Electricity, gas and water (40 and 41)
    − Construction (45)
    − Trade and Catering (50 to 55)
    − Transport, storage and communications (60 to 64)
    − Financial intermediation (65 to 67)
    − Computer activities (72)
    − Research and development (73)
    − Other corporate services (70, 71 and 74) − Motion picture and video activities (921) − Radio and television activities (922)
    − Other health, social, collective activi- ties,...(85, 90, 92 except 921 and 922, and 93)
    Note: Since 2006 agriculture has been in- cluded.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 42480
    Achieved Sample Size 36314 (dataset)

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    The population framework of the TIS is the Central Companies Directory (CCD).

    Sampling Design

    • stratified sampling
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    Considering the previously defined population scope, the population of companies under study in this survey has been structured by crossing the following variables:
    a) Belonging to the directory of companies that potentially might carry out research, which is analysed exhaustively.
    b) Size of the company: The following intervals are considered, depending on the number of employees:
    − Between 10 and 49
    − Between 50 and 199
    − 200 and over
    The strata constituted by companies with 200 or more employees has been analysed exhaustively.
    c) Branch of main activity according to NCEA-93 Rev.1: The 45 divisions or activity groups that appear in table 1 are considered.
    d) Autonomous Community where the corporate headquarters of the company is located.

    The final sample obtained was 42,480 companies. In each stratum an automatic selection was made with random start, ordering companies by size, NCEA and Autonomous Community.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2004-2006

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    metadata not available

    Notes

    -

    References

  • SI - Slovenia

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Innovation activity in manufacturing and selected services.

    Producer

    Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

    Universe

    All enterprises with 10 employees or more from the core industries in section 2 of the annex of the Commission Regulation No 1450/2004:

    - mining and quarrying (NACE 10-14)
    - manufacturing (NACE 15-37)
    - electricity, gas and water supply (NACE 40-41)
    - wholesale trade (NACE 51)
    - transport, storage and communication (NACE 60-64)
    - financial intermediation (NACE 65-67)
    - computer and related activities (NACE 72)
    - architectural and engineering activities (NACE 74.2)
    - technical testing and analysis (NACE 74.3)

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size -
    Achieved Sample Size 2503 (dataset)

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    The official, up-to-date, statistical business register was used

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    There were 173 strata in sampling frame according to the 2 digit NACE (and to the 3 digit NACE 74.2 and 74.3) and 4 size classes of number of employees. All units with 50 or more employees were selected with certainty. Among other units approximately 14% units from each strata were selected taking into account that in each strata were selected at least min{number of units in strata,6} units.

    Enterprises with 50+ employees were all included in the survey.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2004-2006

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Standard formulas for calculation of non-response weights in each stratum, no significant differences between respondents and non-respondents.

    Notes

    -

    References

    CIS 2006 Quality Report for Country Slovenia (version 29 February 2008).

  • SK - Slovakia

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Innovation activity of enterprises in the Slovak Republic 2004-2006

    Producer

    Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic

    Universe

    All enterprises with main economic activity in the following branches of industry, construction and services:

    mining and quarrying (NACE 10-14)
    manufacturing (NACE 15-37)
    electricity, gas and water supply (NACE 40-41)
    construction (NACE 45)
    wholesale trade (NACE 51)
    transport, storage and communication (NACE 60-64)
    financial intermediation (NACE 65-67)
    computer and related activities (NACE 72)
    research and development (NACE 73)
    architectural and engineering activities (NACE 742)
    technical testing and analysis (NACE 743)

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 3207
    Achieved Sample Size 2678

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    Official statistical business register

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    The sample was created by using a simple random selection in each stratum defined by size class according to the number of employees and economic activity. In the case of small number of enterprises in the stratum (less than 6) all enterprises were included into the set of reporting units. All big enterprises with 250 and more employees were also covered by the survey. The regional allocation of units in the sample was also taken into consideration when sampling that allowed presentation of results in regional view.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2004-2006

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Reweighing after exclusion of non-active enterprises from the frame and non-active and non-responded enterprises from the sample.

    Notes

    -

    References

    S?tatisticky? u?rad Slovenskej republiky (2008) Innovation activity of enterprises in the Slovak Republic 2004-2006.

    /n

    CIS 2006 synthesis Quality Reports.

  • RO - Romania

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Innovation in industry and services during 2004-2006

    Producer

    National Institute of Statistics

    Universe

    All enterprises with 10 or more employees from the core target population included in the section 2 of the annex of the Commission Regulation No 1450/2004, plus NACE 73 (research  and  development).

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 12078
    Achieved Sample Size 10153

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    National business register (REGIS)

    Sampling Design

    • stratified sampling
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    The sampling design used was the stratified sampling with simple random sampling within the strata. The strata were defined according to the geographical region, economical activity and enterprise size according to the number of employees.
    For the sample allocation, Neymann allocation method has been used.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2004-2006

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Face to face interviewing

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    CLAN calibration was used.

    Notes

    -

    References

    CIS 2006 Quality Report for Country Romania (version 29 February 2008).

    /n

    CIS 2006 synthesis Quality Reports.

  • EE - Estonia

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Inovation Survey for Enterprises 2004-2006

    Producer

    The Statistical Office of Estonia

    Universe

    All enterprises with 10 employees or more, from the following industries:

    mining and quarrying (NACE 10-14)
    manufacturing (NACE 15-37)
    electricity, gas and water supply (NACE 40-41)
    wholesale trade (NACE 51)
    transport, storage and communication (NACE 60-64)
    financial intermediation (NACE 65-67)
    computer and related activities (NACE 72)
    architectural and engineering activities (NACE 74.2)
    technical testing and analysis (NACE 74.3)

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 2311
    Achieved Sample Size 1924

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    The official, up-to-date, statistical business register of the country was used

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    As only the core target population was surveyed there was 210 strata (42 NACE categories multiplied by 5 size classes 10–19, 20–49, 50–99, 100–249, and 250+. The whole Estonia is NUTS 2 so no regional aspects were taken into account.

    If there was less than 30 enterprises in stratum all enterprises were surveyed; from 210 strata 39 were empty and from the rest only 18 strata were sampled; the sampling frame amounted 4024 enterprises and the sample 231; that makes for overall sampling rate 57,4%; if taking into account only sampled strata the sampling rate was 710/2422=29,3%.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2004-2006

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Basic method was used, no non-response analysis carried out, no calibration. 

    The inverse of the sampling fraction was used as weight.

    Notes

    -

    References

    CIS 2006 Quality Report for Country Estonia. Version 29 February 2008.

    /n

    CIS 2006 synthesis Quality Reports.

  • EL - Greece

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Community Innovation Survey 2004-2006

    Producer

    metadata not available

    Universe

    metadata not available

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size no information
    Achieved Sample Size 522 (dataset)

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    metadata not available

    Sampling Design

    Sampling Method

    metadata not available

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2004-2006

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Weights corrected for non-response bias.

    Notes

    -

    References

  • NO - Norway

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    5th Community Innovation Survey

    Producer

    Statistics Norway

    Universe

    All enterprises with at least 5 employees from the core target population specified in the section 2 of the annex of the Commission Regulation No 1450/2004. In addition, NACE 05.02, 45 and 73 were also included.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size -
    Achieved Sample Size -

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    National business register.

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    All units with 50 employees or more were included in the survey (cut-off.) Exception for NACE 45, 51and 60; out of all enterprises within with 50-99 employees, a sample of 35 per cent were drawn, due to the large number of enterprises in these NACE-classes.

    A representative sample were drawn for enterprises with 5-49 employees, stratified by 2-digit NACE, size class and region (90 regions). The strata by size were as follows:5-9 employees, 10-19 employees and 20-49 employees.Total size of this sample was decided to 4500 enterprises. Allocation of the sample was made proportional by the number of enterprises in the target population with the following modifications:
    - Minimum 20 enterprises in all strata (or all)
    - For larger industries, i.e. industries with many enterprises, a smaller percentage of the units were drawn. Specifically for NACE 45, 51 and 60 the sample rate for enterprises with 5-19 employees was 10 per cent and 15 per cent for enterprises with 20-49 employees.
    - For NACE 72 the proportional factor was 50%
    - For all other NACE/ industries the sample rate for enterprises with 5-49 employees was approximately 35 per cent.

    If a particular stratum has less than 6 enterprises, then all the enterprises in this stratum were selected for the survey. 

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2004-2006

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Web survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Statistics Norway used SAS-macro commands developed by its own staff.

    Notes

    -

    References

    CIS 2006 Quality Report for Norway (version 29 February 2008).

    /n

    CIS 2006 synthesis Quality Reports.

  • HU - Hungary

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Community Innovation Survey 2006

    Producer

    Hungarian Central Statistical Office

    Universe

    All enterprises with 10 employees or more, from the following industries:
    - mining and quarrying (NACE 10-14)
    - manufacturing (NACE 15-37)
    - electricity, gas and water supply (NACE 40-41)
    - wholesale trade (NACE 51)
    - transport, storage and communication (NACE 60-64)
    - financial intermediation (NACE 65-67)
    - computer and related activities (NACE 72)
    - architectural and engineering activities (NACE 74.2)
    - technical testing and analysis (NACE 74.3)

    In addition, NACE 45 and NACE 73 were covered.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 6047
    Achieved Sample Size 4947

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    The official, up-to-date, statistical business register of the country was used.

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    A stratified sample was selected. The stratification variables were economic activity (categories: group 24.4 and the remaining groups in division 24; groups 35.1, 35.3 and the remaining groups in division 35; groups 74.2, 74.3 and the remaining groups in division 74; divisions elsewhere) and size (categories: >249, from 150 to 249, from 100 to 149, from 50 to 99, from 20 to 49 and from 10 to 19 employees). Thus the number of strata was 47*6*7=1974.

    For enterprises with 100+ employees, a complete census was employed.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2004-2006

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    No calibration was made.

    Notes

    -

    References

    CIS 2006 Quality Report for Hungary.

    /n

    CIS 2006 synthesis Quality Reports.