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Study: CIS 2008

Titles

Title Community Innovation Survey 2008

Abstract

CIS 2008 was carried out in 31 countries, i.e. the 27 EU Member States, 3 EU Candidate countries (Croatia, Iceland and Turkey) and Norway. Almost all countries covered the core population of NACE sections. In Poland the target population was according to NACE Rev.1.1 but the results were recalculated according to NACE 2 and thus, some industries in section E (NACE 36-39) may have been under covered. Most of the countries covered in addition a number of NACE sections from the non-core activities. In particular, Spain, Latvia1 and Malta covered all these sections and Czech Republic also covered them all with the exception of the non-core NACE 01-03, 59-60 and 75. More than half of the countries covered enterprises in “Scientific Research and Development” (NACE 72) and also one half of the countries covered enterprises in “Construction” (NACE 41-43). Finally, CIS in Spain, Latvia and Portugal also included some NACE divisions outside the recommended target population.

Coverage

Geographical Coverage

31 countries, i.e. the 27 EU Member States, 3 EU Candidate countries (Croatia, Iceland and Turkey) and Norway.

Time Period Covered

Notes

-

References

Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

_x005F_x000D_/n

Eurostat 2014. Results of the second community innovation survey (CIS2) (inn_cis2) Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS). Available at: link.

Country Specific Information: CIS 2008

  • CZ - Czech Republic

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Survey of Innovation

    Producer

    Czech Statistical Office

    Universe

    NACE Rev. 2: Core coverage: enterprises in the NACE Rev. 2 sections B, C, D, E, H, K and in the NACE Rev. 2 divisions 46, 58, 61, 62, 63 and 71.
    Non-core coverage: 41, 42, 43, 45, 47, 55, 56, 68, 69, 70, 72, 73, 74, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 8638
    Achieved Sample Size 7295

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    National statistical business register

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    Combined (combination of sample survey and complete enumeration (i.e. census) of the enterprises included in the frame population. The employment size class is used to define a threshold. Usually larger enterprises are enumerated, while smaller enterprises are sampled). Two digits NACE x two digits NUMNUTS x (10-49, 50-249,250+) number of employees according to business register were used to create a strata. Number of employees according to business register (number of employees with social insurance) does not match the real number of employees.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Start Date

    03-2009

    End Date

    09-2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Weights were calibrated to number of enterprise, number of employees according to business register and value of sales according to VAT declaration. Generalized linear regression (GREG) was used.

    Notes

    The participation in the survey was compulsory, with enforceable penalties.

    References

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

    /n

    OECD 2013. Innovation survey metadata Wave 2006-2008. Available at: link.

  • LV - Latvia

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Innovation survey (2006-2008)

    Producer

    Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia

    Universe

    Enterprises with at least 10 employees from all NACE Rev.2 sections except for NACE U (Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies). Latvia was one of the countries with a significant non-core population.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size approx. 1900
    Achieved Sample Size 1707

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    National business register

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    A stratified random sampling. The variables used for the stratification of the sample were the economic activity of the enterprise (according to NACE Rev.2 classification), the enterprise size and in few countries also the geographical region (NUTS2 level). The number of strata used for each variable varies among the countries. Regarding the size class, there were in most cases three strata based on the number of employees in the enterprise.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Web survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Weights were calculated as the inverse of the sampling fraction, i.e. the ratio Nh/nh, where Nh is the number of enterprises in stratum h of the population and nh the number of enterprises in the sample in stratum h of the population, assuming that each enterprise had the same probability to be included in the sample. This ratio was used in order to adjust for different probabilities of selection of the enterprises in the sampling process.

    Notes

    -

    References

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

    /n

    Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia 2014. Innovations in enterprises. Available at: link.

  • CY - Cyprus

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Innovation Survey 2006 - 2008

    Producer

    Statistical Service of Cyprus (CYSTAT)

    Universe

    The survey covered only enterprises with 10 or more employees. The population of the survey are enterprises, active in one of the following branches of economic activity (in brackets, the NACE Rev. 2 code):

    Industry
    - Mining and quarrying (NACE 05-09)
    - Manufacturing (NACE 10-33)
    - Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (NACE 35)
    - Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities (NACE 36-39)

    Services
    - Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles (NACE 46)
    - Transportation and storage (NACE 49-53)
    - Publishing activities (NACE 58)
    - Telecommunications (NACE 61)
    - Computer programming, consultancy and related activities (NACE 62)
    - Information service activities (NACE 63)
    - Financial and insurance activities (NACE 64-66)
    - Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis (NACE 71)

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 1364
    Achieved Sample Size 1364

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    National Business Register

    Sampling Design

    • complete census

    Sampling Method

    Census with 100% response rate

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Start Date

    09-2009

    End Date

    12-2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Face to face interviewing

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    No weighting, the whole population covered.

    Notes

    Originally, the threshold to separate large from smaller enterprises is between 20 employees (for Cyprus) and 500 employees (for Germany). Other countries are between those numbers.

    References

    Statistical Service of Cyprus 2010. Innovation Survey 2006 - 2008. Available at: link.

    /n

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

  • LT - Lithuania

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Innovation activity in an enterprise INV-01

    Producer

    Statistics Lithuania

    Universe

    Enterprises of all forms of ownership with 10 and more employees, engaging in activities falling within NACE Rev. 2 sections B–M.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 2143
    Achieved Sample Size 2111

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    Statistical Register of Economic Entities (Statistical Business Register)

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    The number of persons employed and economy activity were used to stratify the population. There were 30 NACE Rev. 2 groups and 3 enterprise size groups (10- 49, 50 - 249, and 250 +).

    All enterprises from small groups (less than 15 units) by NACE Rev 2 activities and number of persons employed groups were included into the sample. Within every NACE Rev 2 group the strata of enterprises were formed by number of persons employed groups. Then the Neyman optimal allocation (with variable number of persons employed) was used for determination of the sample size for each stratum specified.

    In each stratum simple random sampling was used. The final number of strata is 88.

    The sample was designed with no reference to other surveys.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Web survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    All results were weighted against the total population by means of sample weights. The weights were established by using the probability of each enterprise to be included in the sample. The primary strata were not changed and the primary weights were used for actual estimation domains

    Notes

    -

    References

    Statistics Lithuania 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 (CIS 2008) Quality Report for Country LITHUANIA.

    /n

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

    /n

     

    /n

     

  • SI - Slovenia

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Innovation activity in manufacturing and selected services (SI: Vprašalnik o inovacijski dejavnosti v predelovalni dejavnosti in izbranih storitvenih dejavnostih - INOV-P-S)

    Producer

    Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

    Universe

    Enterprises with 10+ employees and from the core CIS 2008 target population:
    - mining and quarrying (NACE 05-09)
    - manufacturing (NACE 10-33)
    - electricity, gas steam and air conditioning supply (NACE 35)
    - water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities (NACE 36-39)
    - wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles (NACE 46)
    - transportation and storage (NACE 49-53)
    - publishing activities (NACE 58)
    - telecommunications (NACE 61)
    - computer programming, consultancy and related activities (NACE 62)
    - information services activities (NACE 63)
    - financial and insurance activities (NACE 64-66)
    - architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis (NACE 71)

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 3009
    Achieved Sample Size 2595

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    Statistical Business Register of the Republic of Slovenia

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    Strata were defined by 2 digit NACE activity and by size classes (defined above). In addition, implicit stratification by NUTS2 and 5-digit NACE group was used. Units from size classes 1 and 2 were selected with certainty. Units from other strata were selected using proportional allocation (taking into account that in each strata were selected at least min {number of units in strata, 8} units) and SY method for each strata.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Start Date

    03-2009

    End Date

    07-2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Weights were calculated as product of sampling weights and weights due to non-response (assuming two stage sampling design).

    Notes

    -

    References

    Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia 2011. Community Innovation Survey 2008 (CIS 2008) Quality Report for Country SLOVENIA.

    /n

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

    /n

    OECD 2013. Innovation survey metadata Wave 2006-2008. Available at: link.

    /n

     

  • SK - Slovakia

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Innovation activity of enterprises in the Slovak Republic 2006-2008

    Producer

    Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic

    Universe

    Enterprises with 10 or more employees were included in the survey.
    According to the Eurostat methodology the survey covered all enterprises with main economic activity in the following branches of industry, construction and services (NACE, Rev. 2 classification):
    - mining and quarrying 05 - 09
    - manufacturing 10 - 33
    - electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 35
    - water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 36 - 39
    - construction 41 - 43
    - wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles 46
    - transportation and storage 49 - 53
    - publishing activities 58
    - telecommunications 61
    - computer programming, consultancy and related activities 62
    - information services activities 63
    - financial and insurance activities 64 - 64
    - architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis 71
    - scientific research and development 72

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 2919
    Achieved Sample Size 2296

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    Official statistical business register

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    A combination of census and survey. The sample was created by using a simple random selection in each stratum defined by size class (the breakdown of enterprises by size class was as follows: small enterprises = 10 - 49 employees, medium enterprises = 50 - 249 employees, large enterprises = 250 and more employees) according to the number of employees and economic activity. In the case of small number of enterprises in the stratum (less than 6) all enterprises were included into the set of reporting units. All big enterprises with 250 and more employees were also covered by the survey. The regional allocation of units in the sample was also taken into consideration when sampling that allowed presentation of results in regional view.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Start Date

    05-2009

    End Date

    09-2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    The initial weights were calculated as Nh/nh, where Nh was the total number of enterprises in stratum h of the population and nh was the number of enterprises in the sample in stratum h.
    Initial weights were updated after collection of questionnaires. Non-active enterprises were excluded from the frame and from the sample when the updated weights were calculated. Units with extremely high or low value of turnover got the weight equals 1 and other units got the weight equals Nh’/nh’, where Nh’ was total number of enterprises in stratum of the updated frame minus the number of enterprises with weight equals 1.

    Notes

    -

    References

    Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic 2010. Innovation activity of enterprises in the Slovak Republic 2006-2008.

    /n

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

    /n

    OECD 2013. Innovation survey metadata Wave 2006-2008. Available at: link.

  • RO - Romania

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Innovation in industry and services during 2006-2008

    Producer

    National Institute of Statistics

    Universe

    Enterprises with at least 10 employees. The following industries are included in the core target population of the CIS 2008:
    - mining and quarrying (NACE 05-09)
    - manufacturing (NACE 10-33)
    - electricity, gas steam and air conditioning supply (NACE 35)
    - water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities (NACE 36-39)
    - wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles (NACE 46)
    - transportation and storage (NACE 49-53)
    - publishing activities (NACE 58)
    - telecommunications (NACE 61)
    - computer programming, consultancy and related activities (NACE 62)
    - information services activities (NACE 63)
    - financial and insurance activities (NACE 64-66)
    - architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis (NACE 71)
    In addition to the core target population and for comparability with the previous surveys., the division NACE Rev.2 -72 (research and development) was surveyed, too.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 10715
    Achieved Sample Size 9506

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    National business register (REGIS)

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    Data are collected through a combination of a census and a sample survey. The census survey is used for the enterprises with more than 99 employees and the sample survey for enterprises with less than 100 employees. The sampling design used was the stratified sampling with simple random sampling within the strata. The strata were defined according to the economical activity, enterprise size by the number of employees and the geographical region. For the sample allocation, Neymann allocation method was used. Number of strata was 935. It was necessary to extract three times the sample to get a good one.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Face to face interviewing

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    The method used for weights calculation consisted in the calculation of the inverse of the sampling fraction using turnover and average number of employees.

    The method was based on the figure Nh/nh where Nh is the total number of enterprises/employees in stratum h of the population and nh is the number of enterprises/employees in the realised sample in stratum h of the population, assuming that each unit in the stratum had the same inclusion probability.

    It has got two coefficients, one for weighting the number of enterprises and another one for calibration based on turnover and the number of employees. For reducing non-response bias, at the estimation stage, some auxiliary information was used.

    Notes

    -

    References

    National Institute of Statistics 2010. Summary Quality Report for Community Innovation Survey CIS 2008.

    /n

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

  • IT - Italy

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Survey on Innovation in Enterprises, 2006-2008

    Producer

    Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT)

    Universe

    Core coverage: enterprises with 10+ employees in the NACE Rev. 2 sections B, C, D, E, H, K and in the NACE Rev. 2 divisions 46, 58, 61, 62, 63 and 71.
    Non-core coverage: divisions 41, 42, 43, 45, 47, 55, 56, 59, 64, 65, 66, 68, 72, 77.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 38090
    Achieved Sample Size 19904

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    National statistical business register

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    Combined survey (a combination of sample survey and complete enumeration (i.e. census) of the enterprises included in the frame population. The employment size class is used to define a threshold. Larger enterprises are enumerated, while smaller enterprises are sampled. The threshold to separate large from smaller enterprises is 250 employees).

    For the sampled enterprises a stratified random sampling was applied. The variables used for the stratification of the sample were the economic activity of the enterprise (according to NACE Rev.2classification - see question 17 for industry coverage), the enterprise size (10-49, 50-249, 250+) and the NUTS 2 regions

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Start Date

    02-2009

    End Date

    12-2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Web survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    The final weights are obtained by adopting the following procedure: an initial weight is assigned to each sampled unit with reference to the sampling plan as the reciprocal of the inclusion probability. Two correction factors for initial weights are then calculated: a first one is the unit non response factor; a second one is to satisfy equality between estimation of auxiliary variables and known totals from the Register. The final weights are thus obtained as the result of the product between initial weights and correction factors. For CIS, as well as for most of the business surveys, number of enterprises and number of employees were used as auxiliary variables, according to the information provided by the Italian Official Business Register ASIA.

    Notes

    -

    References

    ISTAT 2014. Community Innovation Survey (CIS2008) 2006-2008 Survey methodology. Available at: link.

    /n

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

    /n

    OECD 2013. Innovation survey metadata Wave 2006-2008. Available at: link.

  • NO - Norway

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Research and development (R&D) and innovation survey 2008

    Producer

    Statistics Norway

    Universe

    The Business Enterprise sector enterprises with 5+ employees from NACE Rev.2 industries 03, 05-33, 35-39, 41-43, 46, 49-53, 58-66, 70-72, 74.9, 82.9 (SN2007). Coverage is enterprises with at least 5 persons employed. Except in NACE groups F and H (41-43, 49-53) which only covers enterprises with at least 20 persons employed.

     

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 5084
    Achieved Sample Size 4892

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    National business register

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    A combination of sample survey and complete enumeration (i.e.
    census) of the enterprises included in the frame population. The threshold to separate large from smaller enterprises is set to 50 employees.. For the sampled enterprises a stratified random sampling was applied. The variables used for the stratification of the sample were the economic activity of the enterprise (according to two-digit NACE Rev.2 classification) and the enterprise size (5-9, 10-19, 20-49 employees).

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Web survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Weights were calculated as the inverse of the sampling fraction, i.e. the ratio Nh/nh, where Nh is the number of enterprises in stratum h of the population and nh the number of enterprises in the sample in stratum h of the population, assuming that each enterprise had the same probability to be included in the sample. This ratio was used in order to adjust for different probabilities of selection of the enterprises in the sampling process.

    Notes

    -

    References

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

    /n

    OECD 2013. Innovation survey metadata Wave 2006-2008. Available at: link.

    /n

    Statistics Norway 2014. Innovation in the business enterprise sector, 2010-2012. Available at: link.

  • HU - Hungary

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Report on innovation activities of enterprises

    Producer

    Hungarian Central Statistical Office

    Universe

    NACE Rev.2.B,C,D,E,K,H,46,58,61,62,63,71.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 6362
    Achieved Sample Size 5390

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    National statistical business register

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    Combined type, both with sampling and census: entrprises with less than 100 employees are part of the sample survey, enterprises more or equal 100 employees are enumerated completely. Stratification made according to Eurostat CIS methodological recommendations - by economic activities NACE at the 2 digits (division) level and by enterprise size (number of employees).

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Web survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Variables for weighting were NACE and size categories. The survey results are weighted in order to adjust for the sampling design and for unit non-response to produce valid results for the target population. The basic method for adjusting for different probabilities of selection used in the sampling process is to use the inverse of the sampling fraction i.e. using the number of enterprises or employees. This would be based on the figure Nh/nh where Nh is the total number of enterprises/employees in stratum h of the population and nh is the number of enterprises/employees in the realised sample in stratum h of the population, assuming that each unit in the stratum had the same inclusion probability. This will automatically adjust the sample weights of the respondents to compensate for unit non-response.

    Notes

    -

    References

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

    /n

    OECD 2013. Innovation survey metadata Wave 2006-2008. Available at: link.

  • PT - Portugal

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Community Innovation Survey

    Producer

    GPEARI/MEC (Department of Science and Innovation Statistics/Portuguese Ministry of Education and Science) in collaboration with INE

    Universe

    Core coverage: enterprises in the NACE Rev. 2 sections B, C, D, E, H, K and in the NACE Rev. 2 divisions 46, 58, 61, 62, 63 and 71.
    Non-core coverage:42, 43, 47.1, 59, 60, 69, 72, 73, 74, 75, 86.

    The Portuguese implementation of CIS 2008 survey covers the core target population. Some core target population with more detailed breakdowns (NACE divisions 15-18, 22-25, 28, 32-33, 38, 46, 49, 58 and 63) and some additional NACE mentioned in European recommendations (NACE divisions 42, 43, 47.1, 59, 60, 69, 72-75 and 86).

    Deviations:
    1) NACE 86 - only enterprises with 50 employees or more were considered;
    2) NACE 42, 43, 47.1, 59 and 60 - only enterprises with 250 employees or more were considered.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 7862
    Achieved Sample Size 6512

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    National statistical business register

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    Combined - Portuguese Community Innovation Survey was collected using a combination of methods census and sample survey. Census operation in the case of large enterprises (i.e., with ≥ 250 employees) and a sample survey for the other strata). For the sampled enterprises a stratified random sampling was applied. The variables used for the stratification of the sample were the economic activity of the enterprise (according to NACE Rev.2 classification 2 digits except for divisions 15, 16, 17, 18, 22, 237, 245, 25, 283, 289, 32, 33, 38, 46, 471, 494, 58, 63, which were considered at 3 digits), the enterprise size (10-49, 50-249, 250+), and 7 NUTS 2 regions.

     

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Start Date

    05-2009

    End Date

    04-2010

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Web survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Variables: The variables used for weighting was all three stratification variables (the economic activities in accordance with NACE, the size-classes and Regional aspects at NUTS 2 level).
    Methodology: For the sample weights we used the inverse of the sampling fraction (using the number of enterprises). No calibration method was used.

    Notes

    -

    References

    CIS Team 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 (CIS 2008) Quality Report for Country PORTUGAL.

    /n

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

    /n

    OECD 2013. Innovation survey metadata Wave 2006-2008. Available at: link.

  • BG - Bulgaria

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    The statistical survey on innovation activity

    Producer

    National Statistical Institute

    Universe

    All enterprises of non-financial and financial sector with 10 or more employees engaged primarily in the following economic activities (NACE rev.2): Mining and quarrying; Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities; Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles; Transportation and storage; Publishing activities; Telecommunications; Computer programming, consultancy and related activities; Information service activities; Financial and insurance activities; Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis; Scientific research and development.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 15832
    Achieved Sample Size 13674

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    National business register

    Sampling Design

    • complete census

    Sampling Method

    Census - the whole population is represented in the actual sample

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Web survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Weights were calculated as the inverse of the sampling fraction, i.e. the ratio Nh/nh, where Nh is the number of enterprises in stratum h of the population and nh the number of enterprises in the sample in stratum h of the population, assuming that each enterprise had the same probability to be included in the sample. This ratio was used in order to adjust for different probabilities of selection of the enterprises in the sampling process.

    Notes

    -

    References

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

    /n

    National Statistical Institute 2014: INNOVATION ACTIVITY - Main indicators for innovation activities of enterprises. Available at: link.

    /n

    National Statistical Institute 2014: METHODOLOGY OF THE STATISTICAL SURVEY ON INNOVATION ACTIVITY. Available at: link.

  • ES - Spain

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Technological Innovation in Companies Survey

    Producer

    Instituto Nacional de Estadistica (Spanish Statistical Office)

    Universe

    This statistical research extends to all industrial, construction and service companies with at least ten paid employees, whose main economic activity corresponds to the following activity groups of the CNAE-2009:
    − Agriculture, livestock, forestry and fishing (01 to 03)
    − Mining and quarrying industries (05 to 09)
    − Manufacturing industry (10 to 33)
    − Supply of electrical energy, gas, steam and air conditioning (35)
    − Water supply, waste management and decontamination activities (36 to 39)
    − Construction (41 to 43)
    − Trade (45 to 47)

    − Transport and storage (49 a 53)
    − Accommodation (55 to 56)
    − Information and communications (58 to 63)
    − Financial and insurance activities (64 to 66)
    − Real estate activities (68)
    − Professional, scientific and technical activities (69 a 75)
    − Administrative and support service activities (77 to 82)
    − Health activities and social services (86 to 88)
    − Arts, recreation and entertainment activities (90 to 93)

    − Other services (95 to 96)
    Note: Since 2006 agriculture has been included.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 48866
    Achieved Sample Size 44652

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    Central Companies Directory (CCD)

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • systematic samping within strata

    Sampling Method

    The population of companies under study in this survey has been structured by crossing the following variables:
    a) Belonging to the directory of companies that potentially might carry out research, which is analysed exhaustively.
    b) Size of the company: The following intervals are considered, depending on the number of employees:
    − Between 10 and 49
    − Between 50 and 199
    − 200 and over
    The strata constituted by companies with 200 or more employees has been analysed exhaustively.
    c) Branch of main activity according to NCEA-93 Rev.1: The 45 divisions or activity groups were conssidered.
    d) Autonomous Community where the corporate headquarters of the company is located.
    In each stratum an automatic selection was made with random start, ordering companies by size, NCEA and Autonomous Community.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Date of Data Collection

    2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Web survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Weights were calculated as the inverse of the sampling fraction, i.e. the ratio Nh/nh, where Nh is the number of enterprises in stratum h of the population and nh the number of enterprises in the sample in stratum h of the population, assuming that each enterprise had the same probability to be included in the sample. This ratio was used in order to adjust for different probabilities of selection of the enterprises in the sampling process.

    Notes

    -

    References

    National Statistics Institute 2014. TIC Methodologies Year 2008. Available at: link.

    /n

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

  • DE - Germany

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    German Innovation Survey 2009 (Mannheim Innovation Panel, Survey Wave 2009)

    Producer

    Centre for European Economic Research - ZEW

    Universe

    Enterprises with more than 5 employees from the following NACE Rev. 2 classes:
    Core coverage: enterprises in the NACE Rev. 2 sections B, C, D, E, H, K and in the NACE Rev. 2 divisions 46, 58, 61,62, 63 and 71.
    Non-core coverage: divisions 59, 60, 69, 70, 72, 73, 74, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 29811
    Achieved Sample Size 7661

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    Database of the largest German credit rating agency (CREDITREFORM)

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    Combined (Combination of sample survey and complete enumeration (i.e.census) of the enterprises included in the frame population. The employment size class is used to define a threshold. Larger enterprises are enumerated, while smaller enterprises are sampled. The threshold to separate large from smaller enterprises for Germany is 500 employees). For the sampled enterprises a stratified random sampling was applied. The variables used for the stratification of the sample were the economic activity of the enterprise (according to NACE Rev.2 classification) and the enterprise size (5-9, 10-19, 20-49, 50-99, 100-249, 250-499, 500-999, 1000+ employees). The stratified sample is disproportional according to innovation indicators such as innovation expenditures as a percentage of sales, share of innovative enterprises. The total number of strata was 896 (56 NACE divisions, 8 size classes, 2 regions).

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Start Date

    02-2009

    End Date

    08-2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Web survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Three weights were used: enterprise weight (for qualitative variables), sales weight (for expenditure and sales variables) and employee weight (for employment variables).
    The German CIS applies simple weighting (qualitative variables such as the number of innovators) and bounded weighting (quantitative variables such as innovation expenditure or sales with new products). Weights for simple weighting (HRF) are equal to the inverse of the sample rate of enterprise i in stratum h (N being the number of enterprises in the population and n the number of enterprises in the net sample).

    Notes

    Originally, the threshold to separate large from smaller enterprises is between 20 employees (for Cyprus) and 500 employees (for Germany). Other countries are between those numbers.

    References

    ZEW 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 (CIS 2008) Quality Report for Germany.

    /n

    OECD 2013. Innovation survey metadata Wave 2006-2008. Available at: link.

    /n

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

  • EE - Estonia

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    Innovation Survey of Enterprises

    Producer

    Statistical Office of Estonia

    Universe

    Enterprises with at least 10 employees. Core coverage: enterprises in the NACE Rev. 2 sections B, C, D, E, H, K and in the NACE Rev. 2 divisions 46, 58, 61,62, 63 and 71.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 2479
    Achieved Sample Size 2020

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    National statistical business register

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    Combined: 50+ employees — census; 10–49 employees — random sampling in strata with more than 30 enterprises (for less then 50 employees there was 96 strata from which 15 were empty, 20 were sampled and 63 had census. 

    As only the core target population was surveyed there was 240 strata (48 NACE categories multiplied by 5 size classes 10–19, 20–49, 50–99, 100–249, and 250+) of which 48 were empty, 20 were sampled and the rest had census. The whole Estonia is NUTS 2 so no regional aspects were taken into account in sampling procedure.

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Start Date

    05-2009

    End Date

    12-2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Web survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    The survey results were weighted in order to adjust for the sampling design and for unit non-response to produce valid results for the target population. The basic method for adjusting for different probabilities of selection used in the sampling process was to use the inverse of the sampling fraction i.e. using the number of enterprises. This was based on the figure Nh/nh where Nh is the total number of enterprises in stratum h of the population and nh is the number of enterprises in the realised sample in stratum h of the population, assuming that each unit in the stratum had the same inclusion probability. This automatically adjusted the sample weights of the respondents to compensate for unit non-response. Weight for number of enterprises: Weight for every stratum = number of respondents with filled questionnaire / number of firms in target population

    Notes

    -

    References

    Statistics Estonia 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 (CIS 2008) Quality Report for Country ESTONIA.

    /n

    OECD 2013. Innovation survey metadata Wave 2006-2008. Available at: link.

    /n

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

  • IE - Ireland

    National Reference

    Corresponding National Study

    The Community Innovation Survey 2008

    Producer

    Central Statistics Office Ireland (CSO) and Forfás

    Universe

    The survey population is made up of all enterprises in NACE Rev 2 sectors 05-33, 35-39, 46, 49-53, 58, 61-66 and 71 with 10+ persons engaged.

    Target Sample Size

    Cross-sectional Data
    Sampling Units Enterprise
    Actual Sample Size 4650
    Achieved Sample Size 2181

    Sampling Procedure

    Source Of Sampling Frame

    CSOÔÇÖs Central Business Register (CBR)

    Sampling Design

    • combination of stratified sampling and census
    • random sampling within strata

    Sampling Method

    Census – 50+ persons engaged
    Stratified random sample – Less than 50 persons engaged (it should be noted that a census is conducted for certain strata in the less than 50 persons engaged category where the number of enterprises in the strata is low)

    Units

    • Enterprise

    Data Collection

    Start Date

    06-2009

    End Date

    09-2009

    Type Of Data Source

    Survey

    Interview Mode

    • Postal survey
    • Web survey

    Weighting

    Weighting: Method

    Variables for weighting: number of enterprises, turnover, employment
    Grossing factors for the CIS are calculated using the inverse of the number of valid respondents divided by the relevant population from the Central Business Register. Grossing is calculated for strata of 2-digit NACE by employment size class. The factors which are calculated are then applied to the survey results in order to gross the data up to the relevant populations.

    Notes

    -

    References

    CSO 2010. Standard Report on Methods and Quality for COMMUNITY INNOVATION SURVEY (CIS).

    _x005F_x000D_/n

    Eurostat 2010. Community Innovation Survey 2008 Synthesis Quality Report. Available at: link.

    _x005F_x000D_/n

    OECD 2013. Innovation survey metadata Wave 2006-2008. Available at: link.