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Dataset: CIS 3 - Cross-sectional

Title

Community Innovation Survey 3 (CIS 3)

Weighting

The weighting factors should have been based on the ratio between the number of enterprises or employees in the realised sample and the total number of enterprises or employees in each stratum of the frame population, after correction for enterprises that were no longer existing and for reclassification in terms of size or NACE (and after adjustment for non-response). In cases where a non-response analysis was carried out then the results of the non-response analysis were used in the calculation of weighting factors.
Accoring to the country, the weight to use is the Weight or Weightnr (variable "w2use") in the CIS 3 dataset.

Notes

The integrated CIS 3 dataset includes data from 15 participating countries:

-Belgium

- Bulgaria

- Czech Republic

- Germany

- Estonia

- Spain

- Greece

- Hungary

- Iceland

- Lithuania

- Latvia

- Norway

- Portugal

- Romania

- Slovakia

Total N=49761. Total number of variables = 141.

The CIS 3 anonymisation method
The main method used to achieve the anonymisation is the micro-aggregation process (MAP) which modifies the individual data in such a way that an enterprise can no longer be identified as such, i.e. the identification of a respondent (enterprise) with its exact values is not feasible.
The CIS 3 anonymisation method is structured in different work steps. Those steps are: Pre-work on the data, micro-aggregation, global recoding, evaluation of the disclosure risk, data suppression, release of the final data file.
For the pre-work part, the micro-data for each country is aggregated to the NACE 2 digit level and to 3 size classes (small, medium, large). The regional dimension was collapsed and data were only aggregated at national level. Enterprise identifiers were removed as well as the enterprise identifier (Id), stratum A (strA) and stratum B (StrB). Some other variables were recoded. In the first work step, the 14 metric variables were micro-aggregated. The individual ranking method has been applied. Only one metric variable at a time is considered and the values are ranked in ascending order. The observations are then grouped by three and each one is replaced with the weighted mean of the cluster. After micro aggregating the numeric variables of all country files, the frequencies were calculated for three variables: Nace, Nuts and Size00. Further on, they were also calculated for Nace, Nuts, Size00 and Size98. The variables were recoded in a way that for each combination at least three enterprises exist. The weight for the same combinations of variables was calculated. The variables were recoded in a way that for each combination the sum of the weights is at least equal to 20.
After the micro-aggregation, the disclosure risk was evaluated. By computing the ppercent, two cases could be distinguished. If the Enterprise_Id of one enterprise was mentioned more than 3 times, recoding was needed. The method applied was the same than the one used for the size frequencies and the weight frequencies. Otherwise, no recoding was done.
The cells with a p-percent of at least 15 % were kept. For the other ones, if the Enterprise_Id of one enterprise was mentioned more than 3 times and if at least three of the variables Turn, Turn98, Exp, Exp98, Paval, Rtot and Invta were concerned, the entire enterprise concerned was removed from the micro dataset. Otherwise, only the cells concerned were removed.
All cells removed will be represented by “N.A.”.

References

Eurostat. THE THIRD COMMUNITY INNOVATION SURVEY (CIS 3) SUMMARY OF THE ANONYMISATION METHOD. Available at: on the Eurostat CIS 3 DVD.

Variable List: CIS 3 - Cross-sectional

size98_N - Total number of employees in 1998
size00_N - Total number of employees in 2000
Nace2_N - Main activity
Nuts_2dig - Country
C_Ho - Country of head office
GP - Enterprise part of a group
EST - Establishment of enterprise between 1998 and 2000
TURNINC - Turnover increased 1998-2000
TURNDEC - Turnover decreased 1998-2000
SIGMAR - Most significant markets in 1998-2000
INPDT - Introduced onto the market a new or significantly improved goods or services
INPDTW - Who mainly developed these products
TURNIN - % of turnover in unchanged or marginally modified products during 1998-2000 that were new to the firm
TURNUNG - % of turnover in unchanged or marginally modified products during 1998-2000
INMAR - Introducing new or significantly improved products, new for the enterprise's market
TURNMAR - % of turnover in new or improved products introduced during 1998-2000 that were new to the market
INPCS - Introduced onto the market a new or significantly improved method of production
INPCSW - Who mainly developed these processes
INON - Enterprise with ongoing or abandoned innovation activities
INAB - Abandoned or suspended before completion
RRDIN - Engagement in intramural R&D
RRDEX - Engagement in extramural R&D
RMAC - Engagement in acquisition of machinery
ROEK - Engagement in acquisition of external knowledge
RTR - Engagement in training for innovative activities
RMAR - Engagement in market introduction of innovation
RPRE - Engagement in other preparation
RDENG - Type of engagement in R&D
ERANGE - Increased range of goods or services
EMAR - Increased market or market share
EQUA - Improved quality in goods or services
EFLEX - Improved production flexibility
ECAP - Improved production capacity
ELBR - Reduced labour costs per produced unit
EMAT - Reduced materials and energy per produced unit
EENV - Improved environmental impact or health and safety aspects
ESTD - Met regulations or standards
FUNLOC - Public funding from local or regional authorities
FUNGMT - Public funding from central government
FUNEU - Public funding from the EU
FUNRTD - Funding from EU's 4th, 5th, Framework Programme for RTD
CO - Cooperation arrangements on innovation activities
CO11 - Other enterprises within enterprise group : National
CO12 - Other enterprises within enterprise group : EU/EFTA
CO13 - Other enterprises within enterprise group : EU-CC
CO14 - Other enterprises within enterprise group : US
CO15 - Other enterprises within enterprise group : Japan
CO16 - Other enterprises within enterprise group : Other countries
CO21 - Suppliers of equipment, etc. : National
CO22 - Suppliers of equipment, etc. : EU/EFTA
CO23 - Suppliers of equipment, etc. : EU-CC
CO24 - Suppliers of equipment, etc. : US
CO25 - Suppliers of equipment, etc. : Japan
CO26 - Suppliers of equipment, etc. : Other countries
CO31 - Clients or customers : National
CO32 - Clients or customers : EU/EFTA
CO33 - Clients or customers : EU-CC
CO34 - Clients or customers : US
CO35 - Clients or customers : Japan
CO36 - Clients or customers : Other countries
CO41 - Competitors or other firms … : National
CO42 - Competitors or other firms … : EU/EFTA
CO43 - Competitors or other firms … : EU-CC
CO44 - Competitors or other firms … : US
CO45 - Competitors or other firms … : Japan
CO46 - Competitors or other firms … : Other countries
CO51 - Consultants: National
CO52 - Consultants: EU/EFTA
CO53 - Consultants: EU-CC
CO54 - Consultants: US
CO55 - Consultants: Japan
CO56 - Consultants: Other countries
CO61 - Commercial laboratories /R&D enterprises : National
CO62 - Commercial laboratories /R&D enterprises : EU/EFTA
CO63 - Commercial laboratories /R&D enterprises : EU-CC
CO64 - Commercial laboratories /R&D enterprises : US
CO65 - Commercial laboratories /R&D enterprises : Japan
CO66 - Commercial laboratories /R&D enterprises : Other countries
CO71 - Universities or other … : National
CO72 - Universities or other … : EU/EFTA
CO73 - Universities or other … : EU-CC
CO74 - Universities or other … : US
CO75 - Universities or other … : Japan
CO76 - Universities or other … : Other countries
CO81 - Government or public research institutes: National
CO82 - Government or public research institutes: EU/EFTA
CO83 - Government or public research institutes: EU-CC
CO84 - Government or public research institutes: US
CO85 - Government or public research institutes: Japan
CO86 - Government or public research institutes: Other countries
SENT - Sources from within the enterprise
SGRP - Sources from other enterprises within the enterprise group
SSUP - Sources from Suppliers of equipment, materials, etc.
SCLI - Sources from Clients or customers
SCOM - Sources from Competitors and other enterprises of same industry
SUNI - Sources from Universities or other higher education institutes
SGMT - Sources from Government or public research institutes
SPRO - Sources from Professional and industry associations
SEXB - Sources from fairs, exhibitions
HDLAY - Innovation activity seriously delayed
HSTAR - Innovation activity prevented to be started
HBUR - Innovation activity burdened/cumbered with other serious problems
HPRIOR - No innovation activity due to prior innovations
HMAR - No innovation activity due to no demand for innovations
HIMP - No innovation activity due to factors impeding innovation
HECO - Hampering factor : Excessive perceived economic risks
HCOS - Hampering factor : Innovation costs too high
HFIN - Hampering factor : Lack of appropriate sources of finance
HORG - Hampering factor : Organisational rigidities within the enterprise
HPER - Hampering factor : Lack of qualified personnel
HTEC - Hampering factor : Lack of information on technology
HINF - Hampering factor : Lack of information on markets
HFLEX - Hampering factor : Insufficient flexibility of regulations or standards
HCUS - Hampering factor : Lack of customer responsiveness to new goods or services
PAAP - Applied for a patent
PAVAL - Having valid patents
PROREG - Registration of design patterns
PROTM - Register a trademark
PROCP - Claimed copyright
PROSEC - Protecting inventions or innovations by Secrecy
PRODES - Protecting inventions or innovations by Complexity of design
PROTIM - Protecting inventions or innovations by Lead-time advantage on competitors
ACTSTR - Strategical changes
ACTMAN - Management changes
ACTORG - Organizational changes
ACTMAR - Marketing changes
ACTAES - Aesthetic changes (or other subjective changes)
w2use - Weighting factor
TURN98 - Total turnover in 1998
TURN - Total turnover in 2000
EXP98 - Export in 1998
EXP - Export in 2000
INVTA - Gross investment in tangible goods in 2000
EMPHI - Total number of employees in 2000, of which: with higher education
RRDINX - Expenditure in intramural R&D
RRDEXX - Purchase of extramural R&D
RMACX - Expenditure in acquisition of machinery
ROEKX - Expenditure in acquisition of external knowledge
ROTHX - Other expenditure (in training, market innovation, design)
RTOT - Total of these four innovation expenditure categories
RDPER - People involved in R&D in 2000