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Education and Skills

GESIS is a national and international player in educational research. In particular, the participation of GESIS in PIAAC - an international comparative study measuring cognitive abilities in adulthood - has contributed to the visibility of GESIS in this area of research: GESIS is part of the international consortium for the first cycle of PIAAC and was in charge of national project management for this study in Germany. GESIS is currently researching in numerous projects educational achievements in cognitive and non-cognitive competences as well as educational effects on the development of these competencies.

In the area of cognitive competences, PIAAC itself plays an important role as well as the longitudinal tracking of the German PIAAC sample in the context of PIAAC-L. The produced data make it possible i.a. to examine the comparability of competence measurement across different operationalizations, specifically between the survey instruments used in PIAAC and in the NEPS for the domains literacy / reading literacy and numeracy / (everyday) mathematical competences. Furthermore, PIAAC-L allows illuminating the stability and change of competences. Combining these PIAAC-L data with data from NEPS, a current project at GESIS is currently investigating precisely this stability and change in adult competencies. A second current project - also on a longitudinal basis from NEPS data - examines risk and protective factors for low literacy and numerality in adolescence and adulthood. Effects of cognitive competencies on economic and non-economic returns are being investigated within the framework of the PIAAC Leibniz Network.

In addition to cognitive competence measurement, over the last few years GESIS has expanded its focus in the field of educational income from non-cognitive skills. With numerous national and international projects and resulting publications our employees take part in this research topic. In two current projects, GESIS is examining the contribution of personality traits to educational and professional success. GESIS also advises the OECD on the development and validation of short scales to measure key non-cognitive skills in international large-scale education studies. GESIS thus plays a pioneering role both in terms of research into the educational income of non-cognitive competences and educational effects on their development, as well as with regard to methodological approaches to their collection, both nationally and internationally. This role is also reflected in the fact that GESIS has recently established a Leibniz Center of Competence on Educational Income of Non-Cognitive Competences, in which, together with five other institutions, it contributes to the gain of knowledge in this field and its communication to the scientific and educational public.

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    Umfangreiche Informationen und Datenzugang zum Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC)

  • Grosz, Michael P., Julia Lemp, Beatrice Rammstedt, and Clemens Lechner. 2022. "Personality change through arts education: A review and call for further research." Perspectives on Psychological Science 17 (2): 360-384. doi:
  • Roth, Tobias, Zerrin Salikutluk, and Irena Kogan. 2010. "Auf die „richtigen“ Kontakte kommt es an! Soziale Ressourcen und die Bildungsaspirationen der Mütter von Haupt-, Real- und Gesamtschülern in Deutschland." In Vom Kindergarten bis zur Hochschule. Die Generierung von ethnischen und sozialen Disparitäten in der Bildungsbiographie, edited by Birgit Becker, and David Reimer, 179-212.
  • Roth, Tobias, and Manuel Siegert. 2013. "Die Bildungsbeteiligung ausländischer und deutscher Schüler/-innen in der Sekundarstufe in Nordrhein-Westfalen. Eine Längsschnittuntersuchung anhand von Aggregatdaten." In Geschlecht, Migrationshintergrund und Bildungserfolg, edited by Andreas Hadjar, and Sandra Hupka-Brunner, 159-187.
  • Kristen, Cornelia, Yossi Shavit, Svetlana Chachashvili-Bolotin, Tobias Roth, and Irit Adler. 2014. "Achievement differences between immigrant and native fourth graders in Germany and Israel." In The challenges of diaspora migration: Interdisciplinary perspectives on Israel and Germany, edited by Rainer K. Silbereisen, Peter F. Titzmann, and Yossi Shavit, 191-209. Farnham: Ashgate.
  • Roth, Tobias. 2014. Die Rolle sozialer Netzwerke für den Erfolg von Einheimischen und Migranten im deutschen (Aus-)Bildungssystem.