Gender and Social Stratification

Modern societies are characterized by a variety of processes of structural change. In researching this change, GESIS focuses on changing family forms and partnership structures as well as educational and labor market participation. The change in these and other areas of social structure is interdependent, but also related to wider social structures and values and linked to changes in life histories, life satisfaction, time use, and other aspects of social life. In examining these topics, the research in the fields “budget”, “labor market” and “family” is linked to the explanation of social inequality. The topics can be well examined with microdata of official statistics in cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, both at the national level and in an international comparative perspective.

A key dimension of social structure and social inequality, which is related to almost all other features of social structure, is gender. As a cross-sectional category, gender is taken into account in the research of society. Our research interests focus on gender relations or gender-specific selection, inclusion and exclusion processes in the field of higher education and career paths. Specifically, changes and gender inequalities in the labor market "science" (employment conditions, gender pay gap), as well as gender-specific structures of career progression in connection with other dimensions of social inequality - where possible in a longitudinal perspective - are examined.

  • Pilinkaite Sotirovic, Vilana, Anke Lipinsky, Katarzyna Struzińska, and Beatriz Ranea Triviño. 2024. ""You can knock on the doors and windows of the university, but nobody will care”. How universities benefit from network silence around gender-based violence." Social Sciences 13 (4).
  • Pforr, Klaus, Johanna Jung, and Barbara Felderer. 2024. "Describing the socio-demographic structure of social transfers across Europe with regression trees." ifo Conference on Understanding Socio-Economic Inequalities with Novel Data and Methods, ifo Institut – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München e.V., Munich, 2024-02-22.
  • Pforr, Klaus. 2024. "There goes the „Auswahlbezirk“: Estimation of „White-Flight“-Effects using the German Microcensus." Workshop “The politics of residential mobility: Causes and consequences”, Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), Mannheim, 2024-02-01.
  • Pforr, Klaus, and Natalie Backes. 2023. Zusammenführung MZ2016 - MZ2019 zu Panel.
  • Pforr, Klaus. 2023. "Zeitschrift für Soziologie." Anzahl: 1.

Find out more about our consulting and services:

  • Living Spaces (LebensRäume)

    Comprehensive information and data on the LebensRäume population survey


    Comprehensive information and data access to the pairfam relationship and family panel