The Luxembourg Workplace Mobbing Scale (LWMS) is a very brief (five-item) unidimensional instrument to assess workplace mobbing exposure in the general working population. It was validated in three different language versions (German, French, Luxembourgish).
Sischka, P. E., Schmidt, A. F., & Steffgen, G. (2021). The Luxembourg Workplace Mobbing Scale (LWMS). Zusammenstellung sozialwissenschaftlicher Items und Skalen (ZIS).
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