Eurobarometer Data Service

Strength of Party Attachment

Attitudes towards Europe 1962

Which political party is closest to your personal preference?

European Communities Study 1970

As for yourself, is there any political party which you feel closer to among the present parties? (IF "YES") Do you feel deeply attached to this party or only a little?

Eurobarometer 4 to 9

Do you feel affinities with any particular party? (IF YES) Do you feel yourself very involved with this party, fairly involved, or merely a sympathizer?

Eurobarometer 10 ff.

Do you consider yourself to be close to any particular party? If so, do you feel yourself to be very close to this party, fairly close or merely a sympathizer?

Please notice that there is a difference between the question wording in different countries. Whereas the English versions - and derived field questionnaires - ask an absolute question (are you close to a party?), the French versions - and derived field questionnaires - ask a relative question (are you closer to one party than to the others?).
For details see:
- Richard Sinnott (1995): Variations in the Measurement of Party Attachment in Eurobarometer Surveys. An Interpretation, Test and Some Implications. CEEPA Working Papers on European Economic and Public Affairs. Paper No. 11. 
also published in: British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 28, 1998, pp. 627-50 (Party Attachment in Europe: Methodological Critique and Substantive Implications)
- Richard Katz (1985): Measuring Party Identification with Eurobarometer Data: A Warning Note. In: West European Politics, Vol. 8, pp. 104-108.
- Hermann Schmitt (1989): On Party Attachment in Western Europe and the Utility of Eurobarometer Data. In: West European Politics. Vol. 12, pp. 122-139.

ZA Study Number Eurobarometer Fieldwork Month Fieldwork Year Question Number Variable Name (1)
0078Att.tw.Europe 1-3 1962 Q.24  V171
0626ECS70 2-3 1970   V96/V97
09884 10-11 1975 Q.255 V138
09895 5-6 1976 Q.238 V147
09906 11 1976 Q.234 V156
09939 5-6 1978 Q.123 V20
099410 10-11 1978 Q.140 V37
103611 4 1979 Q.217 V89
103712 10 1979 Q.133 V34
103813 4 1980 Q.149 V56
120615 4 1981 Q.145 V33
120716 10-11 1981 Q.256 (2) V71
120817 3-4 1982 Q.219 V141
120918 10 1982 Q.251 V52
131819 3-4 1983 Q.333 V214
131920 10 1983 Q.257 V435
132021 3-4 1984 Q.335 V168
132122 10-11 1984 Q.257 V162
154123 3-4 1985 Q.257 V141
154224 10-11 1985 Q.248 V58
154325 3-4 1986 Q.257 V280
154426 10-11 1986 Q.356 V196
171227 4 1987 Q.358 V364
171328 10-11 1987 Q.359 V461
171429 3-4 1988 Q.359 V418
171530 10-11 1988 Q.478 V677
175031 3-4 1989 Q.478 V476
175131A 7 1989 Q.378 V651
175232 10-11 1989 D.2 V1294
175333 3-4 1990 D.2 V216
196034.0 10-11 1990 D.2 V281
196234.2 10-11 1990 D.2 V475
203135.0 3 1991 D.2 V233
208136 10-11 1991 D.2 V395
214137.0 3-4 1992 D.2 V604
229438.0 9-10 1992 D.2 V707
234639.0 3-4 1993 D.2 V673
245940 10-11 1993 D.2 V547
249041.0 4-5 1994 D.2 V421
249141.1 6-7 1994 D.2A/B (3) V299/V300
256342 11-12 1994 D.2 V460
282844.2bis 2 1996 D.2  
423162.2 11-12 2004 QD15 (4) 

(1) Please note that the variable names refer to the final ICPSR/ZA codebook editions, if available.

(2) Respondent was first asked for closeness to which party: "Generally speaking, do you feel closer to any of the Parties on this list than
to the others? If so, which one?" followed by the (quasi) trend question: "Do you consider yourself to be very close to this party, fairly close
or merely a sympathizer? 

(3) Followed by the additional question (if "merely a sympathizer" or "close to no party"): "Do you consider yourself a little closer to one of
the political parties than the others?" 

(4) Question: "Do you feel close to any particular party?" (YES/NO)


© GESIS Meinhard Moschner 08.09.2009