Eurobarometer Data Service

Vote Intention

European Communities Study 1970

If elections took place tomorrow to elect deputies, for which party among the following ones would you be most likely to vote? [If
the respondent is below the voting age, ask "for which of these parties would you vote if you were already eligible to vote?] 

European Communities Study 1971/1973

If there were a general election tomorrow, which party would you give your first preference vote to?

Eurobarometer 2 ff.

If there were a general election tomorrow [If respondent is under 18 / below the voting age say: and you had a vote], which party would you support? (starting with Eurobarometer 32:) ... vote for?

The following country specific question wording is not always completely documented in the respective codebook documentation: 

Luxembourg (up to Eurobarometer 8), Ireland and Northern Ireland (up to Eurobarometer 16):

Generally speaking, which political party do you feel closer to? 

Italy (up to Eurobarometer 19):

Do you feel closer to any one of these parties in the following list than all the others? [IF YES] Which one? 

In addition, VOTE INTENTION was regularly asked in the

flash surveys 1994 and 1995.

ZA Study Number Eurobarometer Fieldwork Month Fieldwork Year Question Number Variable Name (1)
0626ECS70 2-3 1970 - V98
0627ECS71 7 1971 Q.44 V67
0628ECS73 9-10 1973 Q.37 V103
09862 10-11 1974 Q.72 V37
09873 5 1975 Q.262/Q.264 (2) V90/V91
09884 10-11 1975 Q.262/Q.264 (2) V145/V146
09895 5-6 1976 Q.262/Q.264 (2) V223/V224
09906 11 1976 Q.262 (2) V166/V167
09917 4-5 1977 Q.262 V102
09928 10-11 1977 Q.262 V125
09939 5-6 1978 Q.261 V72
099410 10-11 1978 Q.262 V90
099510A 10-11 1978 Q.262 V72
103611 4 1979 Q.262 V119
103712 10 1979 Q.262 V39
103813 4 1980 Q.162 V83
103914 10-11 1980 Q.162 V76
120615 4 1981 Q.162 V70
120716 10-11 1981 Q.62 V72
120817 3-4 1982 Q.262 V251
120918 10 1982 Q.262 (2) V63/V65
131819 3-4 1983 Q.362 (2) V251/V253
131920 10 1983 Q.262 (2) V441/V443
132021 3-4 1984 Q.362 (2) V235/V237
132122 10-11 1984 Q.262 (2) V168/V169
154123 3-4 1985 Q.262 (2) V147/V148
154224 10-11 1985 Q.262 (2) V73/V74
154325 3-4 1986 Q.262 (2) V286/V287
154426 10-11 1986 Q.262 (2) V204/V205
171227 4 1987 Q.62/Q.63 (2) V368
171328 10-11 1987 Q.62/Q.63 (2) V465/V466
171429 3-4 1988 Q.62/Q.64 (2) V422/V423
171530 10-11 1988 Q.529 (2) V687
175031 3-4 1989 Q.531 (2) V481
175131A 7 1989 Q.165 (2) V193
175232 10-11 1989 D.4/D.5 (2) V1296/V1297
175333 3-4 1990 D.4/D.5 (2) V218/v219
196034.0 10-11 1990 D.4/D.5 (2) V283/V284
203135.0 3 1991 D.4/D.5 (2) V235/V236
208136 10-11 1991 D.4/D.5 (2) V397/V398
214137.0 3-4 1992 D.4 V606
229438.0 9-10 1992 D.4 V708
234639.0 3-4 1993 D.4 V674
245940 10-11 1993 D.4 V548
249041.0 4-5 1994 D.4 V422
249141.1 6-7 1994 D.4 V305
256342 11-12 1994 D.4 V461
263743.1 4-5 1995 D.4 V434
268944.0 10-11 1995 D.4 V577
269044.1 11-12 1995 D.4 V999
282844.2bis 2 1996 D.4 V549
282944.3 2-4 1996 D.4 V188
289846.0 10-11 1996 D.4 V617
293647.1 3-4 1997 D.4 V443
295948.0 10-11 1997 D.4 V965 
305249 4-5 1998 D.4  
317151.0 3-4 1999 D.4  
320452.0 10-11 1999 D.4  
329653 4-5 2000 D.4  
338754.1 11-12 2000 D.4  
363556.3 1-2 2002 D.4  


(1) Please note that the variable names refer to the final ICPSR/ZA codebook editions, if available.

(2) Including follow-up question "[If R does not know which party to support:] Which party would you be (most) inclined to support / (starting with Eurobarometer 18) ... to vote for?" in the following surveys: 

  • Eurobarometer 3 and 4: except for Belgium and Germany (Eurobarometer 3 "second vote") 
  • Eurobarometer 5 and 6: only for Netherlands, Ireland, Britain and Northern Ireland 
  • Eurobarometer 18 to 20 only for Great Britain, Eurobarometer 21, 23, and 25 to 29 also for Ireland and Northern Ireland
  • Eurobarometer 30 to 36 for all countries (Eurobarometer 30, 31, and 31A combined into one variable)