Eurobarometer Data Service

Eurobarometer 30     October-November 1988     ZA No.  1715

Immigrants and Out-Groups in Western Europe

Special Topics:

  • Attitudes towards immigrants and out-groups (Xenophobia)
  • Smoking habits and cancer prevention
  • Attitudes towards the Single European Market
  • Important problems and human rights
  • Attitudes towards the European Elections 1989 (pre-Election)

Documents and Data:


  • See also special release: "The European Elections Study 1989".
  • See also "European Survey About Teachers and Cancer Prevention" conducted in January and February of 1989 and examining  teachers' opinions on health and cancer education in schools of 12 member countries of the European Community (ICPSR 9407).

  • Current archive dataset version / update: v1.0.1 (2012)
  • Errata


  • pdf  Commission of the European Communities: Euro-Barometer 30. Brussels, December 1988. (Also available in German).

  • pdf  Commission of the European Communities: Racism and Xenophobia (Racisme, Fremmedhad og Intolerance). Brussels, November 1989.

  • Herrmann Schmitt, Renato Mannheimer: The European Elections of June 1989. Special issue of The European Journal of Political Research (19:1), 1991.



Sample size

Fieldwork datesField-Questionnaires pdf
France100122 Oct 88 - 10 Nov 88FR
Belgium102418 Oct 88 - 06 Nov 88


Netherlands100622 Oct 88 - 06 Nov 88NL
Germany (West)105117 Oct 88 - 09 Nov 87DE
Italy105826 Oct 88 - 10 Nov 88IT
Luxembourg30020 Cot 88 - 21 Nov 88LU
Denmark100631 Oct 88 - 19 Nov 88DK
Ireland101218 Oct 88 - 10 Nov 88IE
Great Britain101720 Oct 88 - 15 Nov 88GB
Northern Ireland30621 Oct 88 - 07 Nov 88GB_NI
Greece100017 Oct 88 - 07 Nov 88GR
Spain101317 Oct 88 - 04 Nov 88ES
Portugal100019 Oct 88 - 15 Nov 88PT
Questionnaire Copyright and Acknowledgements


  • Variable REGION for Great Britain / United Kingdom in EUROBAROMETER 5-10 and 16-31A: Should read "EAST MIDLANDS" instead of "NORTH MIDLANDS".
  • The original British data for the AGE variables in Eurobarometer 30 and 31 incorrectly recorded the last two digits of year of birth instead of age at time. In the case of survey no. 30, the variable was recoded as far as possible. For survey no. 31, correct data have subsequently been inserted in the ZA data set. The codebook documentation has been corrected for ZA deliveries after March 15, 1999.
  • Dubious frequencies and inconsistencies have been detected for the RELIGION DENOMINATION variable (V715) for Belgium and Germany. Category '9' ("none") shows unusual high frequencies for Belgium; probably the categories '9' and '0' (DK/NA) have been merged. For Germany categories '9' and '0' have probably been exchanged; usually about 10% of respondents in Germany do not consider self as belonging to a particular religion. In general, answers to category '9' ("none") have erroneously been pre-defined as "missing value"; users might want to correct this. Correct data are not available (September 14, 2000).

© GESIS Meinhard Moschner