Eurobarometer Data Service

Eurobarometer 41.0     March-May 1994     ZA No.  2490

Trade Issues, Blood Donation, AIDS and Smoking

Special Topics:

  • European Parliament and future elections (pre-election)
  • Voting for the next European Elections 1994
  • Women on Europe (attitudes towards EU women policies)
  • Knowledge and importance of foreign languages
  • Cross border purchase and customs experience
  • The common European Currency
  • European consumers and product quality
  • "FETA" cheese consumption ("Project X")
  • Cancer risks (nutrition)
  • Smoking habits and attitudes towards smoking
  • Attitudes on blood transfusion and AIDS

Documents and Data:


  • In this Eurobarometer an oversample of non-national but EU citizens was added for experimental purposes and in view of the general inclusion of non-national EU citizens from Eurobarometer 41.1 onwards. On top of the normal 1000 national respondents, a varying number of EU citizens has been added which had to have one of the other eleven nationalities. This oversampling does not apply for Norway and Finland. In total 373 extra interviews were made in accordance to the proportion of non-nationals in each country.
  • Also, another oversample of 'people responsible for shopping' (D19A) was added. 300 extra-respondents per country (except Northern Ireland, Finland and Norway) were asked only a limited subset of questions.
  • See also special release: European Election Study 1994
  • Current archive dataset version / update: v1.1.0 (2012)
  • Errata


  • European Commission: EUROBAROMETER 41. Public Opinion in the European Community. Brussels, July 1994. (Also available in German)

  • pdf  Nicole Malpas, INRA (Europe) pour la Commission Européenne, DG X.A.7: Les femmes et l'election du parlament europeen. Bruxelles, Decembre 1994.

  • pdf  INRA (Europe) for the European Commission, Directorate General: Europeans and Blood. Brussels, February 1995 (also available in French).

  • Cees van der Eijk, Mark N. Franklin Choosing Europe? The European Electorate and National Politics in the Face of Union. The University of Michigan Press. Ann Arbor, 1996 (ISBN 0-472-10357-1)

  • European Journal of Political Research. Special Issue: Political Representation in the European Parliament. Volume 32, No. 2 (October 1997)



Sample size

Fieldwork datesField-Questionnaires pdf
France133505 Apr 94 - 19 Apr 94FR (incl. OV)
Belgium139303 Apr 94 - 30 Apr 94


Netherlands134011 Apr 94 - 29 Apr 94NL / NL_OV
Germany (West)141511 Apr 94 - 29 Apr 94DE_W / DE_W_OV
Italy135809 Apr 94 - 30 Apr 94IT / IT_OV
Luxembourg92529 Mar 94 - 10 May 94LU / LU_OV
Denmark130508 Apr 94 - 04 May 94DK / DK_OV
Ireland136405 Apr 94 - 09 May 94IE / IE_OV
Great Britain139220 Mar 94 - 04 May 94GB / GB_OV
Northern Ireland30613 Apr 94 - 28 Apr 94GB_NI
Greece131204 Apr 94 - 22 Apr 94GR / GR_OV
Spain130310 Apr 94 - 29 Apr 94ES / ES_OV
Portugal130211 Apr 94 - 03 May 94PT / PT_OV
Germany (East)142311 Apr 94 - 29 Apr 94DE_E / DE_E_OV
Norway100308 Mar 94 - 30 Apr 94NO
Finland100128 Mar 94 - 30 Apr 94FI_FI
Questionnaire Copyright and Acknowledgements


  • RELIGIOUS DENOMINATION is documented as "Orthodox" for code '3' in the original Eurobarometer codebooks and basic questionnaires starting with survey number 32. This is not correct in the case of the NETHERLANDS. Dutch respondents have been asked for the Protestant section "Gereformeerd" in the place of "Orthodox". Corrected in the ZA codebooks for deliveries after March 16, 1999.
  • Variable Q.63_GER (country specific variable for question Q.63: "What is your mothertongue?" - Germany) is not correct in the original INRA editions which have been distributed before February 9, 1995. Corrected data have been supplied by INRA and have been inserted by ZA.
  • Starting with Eurobarometer 34 and up to survey 61, NUTS 1 level data (REGION II) for the NETHERLANDS are not (re-)coded
    in accordance with the official EUROSTAT nomenclature of territorial unit statistics. The NUTS 2 level province ZEELAND should be
    coded as belonging to NUTS 1 region (landsdel) WEST instead of SOUTH Netherlands. (ZA editions will be corrected from EB 53 onwards, November 11, 2005)     

© GESIS Meinhard Moschner