Eurobarometer Data Service

National Identity - European Identity - World Identity

Eurobarometer 17 to 26, and 37.0 (questionnaire splitting)(4) (7)

Do you ever think of yourself not only as (nationality) citizen, but also as a citizen of Europe? Does this happen often, sometimes or never?

Eurobarometer 27 to 36, and 37.0 (questionnaire splitting)(4)

Do you ever think of yourself as not only (nationality), but also European? Does this happen often, sometimes or never?

Eurobarometer 64.2 (new follow up question)

And do you ever think of yourself as citizen of the world? Does this happen often, sometimes or never?

Reference of interest: UK-DA case study: When do people feel European? European identity, EU attitudes, and questionnaire design. Author: Robert Johns, University of Strathclyde. Date: January 2008 - May 2008.

 

ZA Study NumberEurobarometerFieldwork MonthFieldwork YearQuestion NumberVariable Name (1)
1208173-41982Q.170V111
1318193-41983Q.239V153
15422410-111985Q.164V26
15442610-111986Q.166V67
17122741987Q.268V295
17153010-111988Q.414V524
1750313-41989Q.377V276
1753333-41990Q.18V40
203135.031991Q.13V31
20813610-111991Q.33V95
214137.03-41992Q.33V228/V229
441464.210-112005QA39 / QA43 
452666.19-102006QA30 

Eurobarometer 37 ff., CCEB

In the near future do you see yourself as ... ?

Starting with Eurobarometer 80.1

Do you see yourself as ... ?

  1. (NATIONALITY) only 
  2. (NATIONALITY) and European 
  3. European and (NATIONALITY) 
  4. European only

Eurobarometer 61, CCEB2004.1 (questionnaire splitting)

  1. (NATIONALITY) only 
  2. (NATIONALITY) and European 
  3. European only

Eurobarometer 62.0 (questionnaire splitting)

  1. (NATIONALITY) only 
  2. firstly (NATIONALITY) and then European
  3. firstly European and then (NATIONALITY) 
  4. European only
  5. As (NATIONALITY) as European (SPONTANEOUS)

Eurobarometer 73.4 ff.

  1. (NATIONALITY) only 
  2. (NATIONALITY) and European
  3. European and (NATIONALITY) 
  4. European only
  5. None (SPONTANEOUS)
  6. Refusal (SPONTANEOUS)
ZA Study NumberEurobarometerFieldwork MonthFieldwork YearQuestion NumberVariable Name (1)
214137.03-41992Q.33V230
24594010-111993Q.36V88
25634211-121994Q.22V61
263743.14-51995Q.23V222
249044.111-121995Q.25V285
282844.2bis21996Q.17 (2)V111-V113
289846.010-111996Q.10V49
293647.13-41997Q.19V120
3052493-41998Q.17  V123
308550.010-111998Q.22  V140
320452.010-111999Q.9 
3296534-52000Q.28 
338754.111-122000Q.23 (3) 
3978CCEB2001.1102001Q.16  
362756.210-112001Q.6 (3) 
363957.13-52002Q.27 (3) 
3979CCEB2002.29-102002Q.16 
369358.110-112002Q.32 
390459.13-42003Q.12 
3983CCEB2003.252003Q.12 
393860.110-112003Q.43 
3986CCEB2003.410-112003Q.14 
4056612-32004Q.38 (5) 
4246CCEB2004.12-32004Q.38a/b (5) 
422962.010-112004Q.43 (6) 
441464.210-112005QA40 
452967.12-32007QA15 
523473.452010QE1 
559676.4122011QA22 
561277.352012QD5 
561377.462012QP8 
568979.352013QD4 
587680.1112013QD5 
591381.232014QC2 
592881.45-62014QD3 
593282.3112014QD3 
599883.352015QD2 
664384.3112015QD3 
669485.252016QD2 
678886.2112016QD3 
686387.352017QD3 
692888.3112017QD3 
696389.132018QD3 
748990.3112018QD3 

Eurobarometer 69.2 (NEW)

Thinking about this, to what extent do you personally feel you are ...  

  1. European
  2. (NATIONALITY)
  3. Inhabitant of your region
  4. A citizen of the world

Scale 1-4: to a great extent - somewhat - not really - not at all 

ZA Study NumberEurobarometerFieldwork MonthFieldwork YearQuestion NumberVariable Name (1)
474469.23-52008QB1 
497371.36-72009QE4 

Eurobarometer 73.4 (NEW)

For each of the following statements, please tell me to what extent it corresponds or not to your own opinion...

  • You feel you are a citizen of the EU
  • You know what your rights are as a citizen of the EU
  • You would like to know more about your rights as a citizen of the EU

Scale 1-4: yes definitely - yes to some extent - no, bot really - no, definitely not

ZA Study NumberEurobarometerFieldwork MonthFieldwork YearQuestion NumberVariable Name (1)
523473.452010QE2_1(8) 
548175.352011QD4_1 
561277.352012QD3_1 
568578.1112012QD2_1 
568979.352013QD2_1 
587680.1112013QD3_1 
591381.232014QC1_1 
592881.45-62014QD1_1 
593282.3112014QD2_1 
599883.352015QD1_1 
664384.3112015QD2_1 
669485.252016QD1_1 
678886.2112016QD2_1 
686387.352017QD2_1 
692888.3112017QD2_1 
696389.132018QD2_1 
748990.3112018QD2_1 

(1) Please note that the variable names refer to the final ICPSR/ZA codebook editions, if available. 

(2) Different question: a) In the near future, do you see yourself above all as a citizen of the European Union, citizen of (OUR COUNTRY) or a citizen of your region? b) And which next, if any? c) And which next, if any?

(3) In addition and starting with Eurobarometer 54 a new question is introduced asking if the respondent is "very proud, fairly proud, not very proud, or not at all proud to be European" (see "national pride").

(4) Not available in the "Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File 1970-1999".

(5) Question split with version A (four answer categories) and B (three answer categories - see above)

(6) Question split with version A (four answer categories) and B (five answer categories - see above)

(7) Another question on European Identity has been asked in the Flash-Eurobarometer series in the context of the EURO introduction: "Since using the EURO, do you personally feel a little more European Than before, a little less European than before or would you say that your feeling of being European has not changed?" (Flash Eurobarometer 139, 153, 165, 175, 193).  

(8) Based on Eurobarometer 71.3, QK7_3: "You feel you are a citizen of the EU" - "yes, rather" - "no, rather does not"