Eurobarometer Data Service

Political Protest

Eurobarometer 19

SOMETIMES PEOPLE GET TOGETHER TO DEMONSTRATE PUBLICLY TO EXPRESS THEIR FEELINGS OR OPINIONS. HAVE YOU EVER DONE THIS YOURSELF? (YES/NO)

Eurobarometer 21

IT SOMETIMES HAPPEN THAT PEOPLE GO OUT AND JOIN A PUBLIC DEMONSTRATION TO SHOW THEIR DISCONTENT OR DISAGREEMENT. HAVE YOU EVER DONE THIS WITH IN THE LAST 4 OR 5 YEARS? (YES/NO)

Eurobarometer 31

HERE ARE TEN CARDS. ON EACH, YOU WILL FIND A DESCRIPTION OF A PARTICULAR ACTION THAT PEOPLE SOMETIMES TAKE TO PROTEST ABOUT SOMETHING OR TO DRAW OTHER PEOPLE'S ATTENTION TO THEIR OBJECTIVES (...)

  • TAKING PART IN CITIZEN'S ACTION GROUPS
  • SIGNING A PETITION
  • TAKING PART IN A BOYCOTT
  • TAKING PART IN A LAWFUL POLITICAL DEMONSTRATION
  • REFUSING TO PAY RENTS, TAXES OR INSTALLMENT
  • TAKING PART IN UNOFFICIAL OR WILDCAT STRIKES
  • OCCUPYING FACTORIES, OFFICES OR OTHER BUILDINGS
  • BLOCKING TRAFFIC
  • DAMAGING PROPERTY, FOR INSTANCE BREAKING WINDOWS OR REMOVING ROAD SIGNS
  • USING VIOLENCE AGAINST OTHERS, FOR INSTANCE FIGHTING WITH THE POLICE OR WITH OPPOSING DEMONSTRATORS

1  HAVE DONE (IN THE PAST TEN YEARS)
2  WOULD DO FOR (VERY) IMPORTANT MATTERS
3  WOULD DO UNDER (VERY) EXCEPTIONAL CIRCUMSTANCES
4  WOULD NEVER DO UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES
5  DO NOT RECOGNIZE (NEVER HEARD ABOUT OR DO NOT UNDERSTAND)

Eurobarometer 62.2

Which of the following, if any, have you done during the last twelve months?

  • Contacted a politician or another elected representative
  • Worked in a political party
  • Worked in an interest group or social organisation
  • Worn or displayed a particular political campaign badge/sticker
  • Signed a petition
  • Taken part in a lawful public demonstration
  • Particiüated in illegal protestz activities
  • Boycotted certain product
  • Deliberately bought certain products for political, ethical or environmental reasons
  • Participated in strikes
  • Voted in national elections
  • None of these

Eurobarometer 65.1 ff.

Which two of the following do you think are the best ways of ensuring one’s voice is heard by decision-makers?

  • Voting in elections
  • Joining a political party
  • Joining a demonstration
  • Signing a petition
  • Going on strike
  • Joining a trade union
  • Being a member of a consumer association
  • Being a member or supporter of an NGO (non-governmental organisation)
  • Participate in debates using the Internet
  • Participating in debates at local level ("town-hall meetings") (77.3)

ZA Study Number EurobarometerFieldwork Month Fieldwork Year Question Number Variable Name (1)
1318 19 3-4 1983 Q.133 V54-V55
1320 21 3-4 1984 Q.146 V28
1750 31 3-4 1989 Q.462/471 V460-V469
423162.2 11-12 2004 QD17V334-V346 
450565.1 2-3 2006 QA21V191-V201 
523473.452010QE8V483-V493
561277.352012QD15

(1) Please note that the variable names refer to the final ICPSR/ZA codebook editions, if available.