Expand / Collapse
Use the - and -icon left of the headlines to open and close the different sections of the content area.
The - and -icon open / close all sections at once.
Explanatory notes are shown when the mouse cursor is moved over the field headlines.
The myMetadata Box collects variables which can be used in the functions of the work with myMetadata section.
via drag & drop into the box in the top right corner or by clicking the -icon which appears when you hover over the variables name or headline.
Add variable lists
On pages displaying variable lists you can add complete lists of variables as well by using the -icon which is placed next to the headline.
Remove a selected variable
with the -icon which appears on the right when hovering the variable in the list.
Study: MZ 2020
- Additional Programs
- Commuting characteristics of employed persons, pupils and students (Sampling Fraction: )
- Ad-hoc-module EU Labour Force Survey
- Work-related accidents, health problems and hazardous exposure (Sampling Fraction: )
Comparability over time
As of survey year 2020, in addition to the Labour Force Survey (LFS), which has already been integrated since 1968, the Survey on Income and Living Conditions (SILC), which was previously collected separately, is also integrated into the Microcensus. Since 2020 the LFS has been complemented by a repeated interview during the same year. Starting in 2020, web interviews (CAWI) have been used as a new survey form in addition to face-to-face (CAPI), telephone (CATI), and mail interviews (see Hundenborn and Enderer 2019). For 2020, the consequences of the Corona pandemic and the new IT system, which has been introduced in 2020, have resulted in major limitations in the quality of the data material. Due to fundamental methodological changes and problems with data collection in 2020, comparability with previous years is limited. Further information on this issue can be found in the metadata reports and the Data Manual. The variable time point matrix in MISSY gives additional guidance on the comparability over time of variables in the Microcensus as of 1973.
Methodology of linkage
After the change in subsampling starting with the SUF 2012 and with the provision of longitudinal consistent status numbers, it is possible to independently generate panel data sets with the MZ-SUFs. As a result of the renewal of the entire Microcensus sample in 2016, merging of cross-sectional data from 2012 survey are only possible up to and including the 2015 data. Due to the further development of the Microcensus in 2020, merging of cross-sectional data from 2016 are only possible up to and including 2019.
To make longitudinal analyses easier, the following identifiers are included in the data since 2015: idpers (longitudinal personal identifier), idpersx (cross-sectional personal identifier), idhh (longitudinal household identifier), idhhx (cross-sectional household identifier). As of 2020, the identifiers idawb (longitudinal sampling district identifier) and idawbx (cross-sectional sampling district identifier) are also included.
Changes In Typification
A number of typifications are no longer included to simplify data preparation since 2015. The report "Einführung in die eigenständige Erstellung von Typisierungen am Beispiel des Mikrozensus Scientific Use Files 2014" (Börlin 2020) shows how these typifications can be created using the data available in the data, using the example of the Microcensus SUF 2014.
The regional details federal state (Bundesland) and a rough classification of the community size classes (Gemeindegrößenklassen) are included in the Scientific Use File (SUF). With the help of the variable community size class, it is possible to distinguish between West and East Berlin.
The other variables in the SUF are also coarsened if necessary, so that each value in the univariate distributions comprises at least 5,000 persons from the target population.
The values of the variables on nationality and country of birth are aggregated in such a way that each category in the target population comprises at least 50,000 inhabitants.
The SUF is a de-facto anonymised 70% sample. Until 2011, the sampling units were households or apartments where all persons in a selected household or apartment were included in the subsample. From 2012 onwards, the sampling districts within a rotational quarter are used as sampling units for the subsample. This, together with longitudinal consistent identifiers, makes it possible to independently generate panel data sets with the Scientific Use Files.
Year Specific Documentation
Target Sample Size
|Achieved Sample Size||477079|
Units Of Observation
Describes the levels at which data is collected.
- Persons (in private households and collective dwellings)
Units Of Analysis
Describes the level at which data can be analyzed.
- Living arrangements
Date of Data Collection
Timeframe of data collection.
01.01.2020 - 31.12.2020
Interview Mode - Description
Includes information on the different data collection modes used in the survey.
Until and including 2019, the survey data were generally conducted orally (face-to-face) by interviewers from the state statistical offices. Additionally, part of the respondents completed a self-administered questionnaire or participated via telephone interview. Since 2020, the survey has been conducted increasingly by methods without face-to-face contact. Furthermore, the new option of participating in the survey by using an online form (Computer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI)) is increasingly being used.
Proxy interviews are also permitted, i.e. an adult member of the household may answer on behalf of other members of the household.
Design Weight: Target
The initial design weights are used to assess the representativeness of the sample in regards to the universe. This field notes what level these initial design weights refer to.
Dwelling, Household, Persons
Design Weight: Method
Method on the base of which the initial design weighting is carried out.
The Microcensus is designed as a single-stage, stratified cluster sample with a uniform sampling fraction for all strata. Area-based sampling districts serve as selection units. The selection is based on mathematical-statistical random procedures. A sampling fraction of 1 % is to be realized annually.
Also in the survey years from 2020 onwards, various extrapolation factors are available, most of which are used for households and persons alike and are scaled to the total resident population. The extrapolations are based on various demographic parameters, such as age groups, gender, nationality, and regional distribution. The annual extrapolation factors tend to include more parameters than the quarterly extrapolation factors. Detailed information on the parameters to which the extrapolation factors are adjusted at various regional levels can be found in Schmidt and Stein 2021 . Due to the different subsamples available in the data since 2020, more extrapolation factors are available than before.
The SUF contains extrapolation variables that can be used to extrapolate to the total population without additional multiplication (by 1000). The extrapolation factors in the MZ-SUF are scaled by dividing all extrapolation factors in the entire MZ by 0.7. This scaling results in minimal deviations between results of the MZ-SUF and the published results. Further information on the extrapolation factors can be found in the Metadatenreport Teil I Statistik and the Metadatenreport Teil II zum Scientific Use File.